Billy Name


Billy Name

Infobox Artist
bgcolour = #6495ED
name = Billy Linich


imagesize = 125px
caption = Billy Name
birthname =
birthdate = 1940
location = Poughkeepsie, New York
deathdate =
deathplace =
nationality = flagicon|USA American
field = archivist/photographer/lighting designer
training =
movement =
works =
patrons =
influenced by =
influenced =
awards =

Billy Linich, known as Billy Name and Billy Goat, (born 22 February 1940 in Poughkeepsie, New York), is an American photographer, artist, filmmaker, lighting designer, and the main archivist of the Warhol era from 1964-70. [ [http://www.irvinecontemporaryart.com/otherExhibitions.php?eventID=44 Celebrity Portraits from the Warhol Factory Years] , Press release from the Irving Contemporary gallery exhibition.] His brief romance and subsequent close friendship with Andy Warhol fostered substantial collaboration on Warhol's most influential work, including his films, paintings and sculpture. [ [http://www.artnet.com/Magazine/index/robinson/robinson8-13-04.asp Book Report] , Walter Robinson, Artnet Magazine, August 13, 2004.] Linich became "Billy Name" among the coterie known as the Warhol Superstars, and he is considered one of the most significant. He was responsible for "silverizing" Warhol's New York studio the Factory, where he lived until 1970. His images of Edie Sedgwick, Lou Reed and the Velvet Underground, Nico, Ultra Violet, Bob Dylan, Mary Woronov and of Warhol himself, amongst others, are portraits of the height of the Pop art era. [Steven Watson, "Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties" (2003) Pantheon, New York]

Career in theater

Linich began his career as a lighting designer in the theater in 1960 when he worked at Serendipity 3 as a waiter. [Steve Watson, "Factory Made: Warhold and the Sixties" (Pantheon Books, 2003).] His first apprenticeship was with Nick Cernovich, who had won an Obie Award for best lighting. Linich learned from Cernovich. "It was the end of the period of the romantic avant-garde, the romantic bohemia, where artists kept younger artists and a male artist would always have a young man around."Fact|date=November 2007He also played music in the Theatre of Eternal Music.

Collaboration with Andy Warhol

When Andy Warhol decided, during the last months of 1963, that he was too busy making films to take pictures at The Factory (and, besides, the camera was too complicated and it had too many buttons), he turned the task over to Billy Name. He was the obvious choice for “Factory Fotographer.” Prior to his association with Andy, in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s, Linich had been involved in theatrical lighting design. First, under the tutelage of the pre-eminent lighting designer for the avant-garde dance world, Nick Cernovich, with whom Linich designed the lighting for the Spoleto Festival of Two Worlds in 1960, and then later at Judson Memorial Church, New York Poets Theater, and Living Theater, Linich illuminated the likes of dancers Lucinda Childs, Yvonne Rainer, Merce Cunningham, James Waring and Freddy Herko. And Andy’s regard for Linich was high. As he would later explain:

:"(He) had a manner that inspired confidence...He gave the impression of being generally creative - he dabbled in lights and papers and artists’ materials... I picked up a lot from Billy..." The Warhol Diaries; Warhol & Hackett

Within a short time, Linich became a permanent fixture at the Factory, having taken up residence in the back of the studio at 231 East 47th Street during his trademark silvering of its interior from January to April 1964. With the gift of Andy’s 35-mm single-lens reflex Honeywell Pentax camera and the operating manual in hand, Billy Name taught himself the technical aspects of photography. He had soon converted one of the Factory’s bathrooms into a darkroom where he mastered the methods of processing and developing film. These newly acquired skills, combined with his background in lighting, his innate sense of artistry and his desire to experiment, resulted in the production of an intensive body of work that captured for posterity his “silver years” at the Factory (1963-70).

Billy Name’s close friendship with Andy Warhol and his role as a trusted player in the making of Warhol’s artistic environment gave him the opportunity to focus his keen eye on the scene at the Factory, created by a core group of participants who largely improvised before the camera’s eye, evolving a lively, cutting-edge mise-en-scene. Billy contributed immensely to this atmosphere, as his understanding of theater and lighting was important ...to the essential look itself of the transformed space and silvered walls of the factory. The unique position that Billy assumed gives his photographs a particular immediacy, intimacy and knowledge.

Quotes by Linich

*"I have a huge appetite for learning everything about the whole field of Zen and astrology and yoga." ["Factory Made: Warhold and the Sixties", Steve Watson, Pantheon Books (2003)]
*"It was the Cardboard Andy, not the Andy I could love and play with. He was so sensitized you couldn't put your hand on him without him jumping. I couldn't even love him anymore, because it hurt him to touch him." Linich on the change in Warhol after he was shot by Valerie Solanas; Linich held a bleeding Warhol in his arms while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. [ [http://www.factorymade.org/fm/reviews.html Making the Scene: Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties by Steven Watson] , Dennis Drabelle, "Washington Post" book review, November 16, 2003.]

Quotes about Linich

*"Billy Name exquisitely transforms sexploitation into glamour, and the 'nudie' into a work of beauty." Debra Miller, on Billy Name's stills from the 1967 Warhol film "The Nude Restaurant".
*"B. Linich is like a dog, a poodle--one does not have to have the same responsibilities towards him as towards other people--he is loved for the reasons a poodle is loved." Soren Angenoux ["Factory Made: Warhold and the Sixties", Steve Watson, Pantheon Books (2003)]
*"Billy Linich arrived [at Diane di Prima's California home] the earliest and stayed the longest. Billy was at that time doing a bit of everything: writing, collaging, taking odd combinations of drugs, making mots that sounded way hipper than they probably were, and mostly "looking" wise with a little half-smile and crinkly eyes." Diane di Prima ["Factory Made: Warhold and the Sixties", Steve Watson, Pantheon Books (2003)]

Bibliography

*"All Tomorrow's Parties: Billy Name's Photographs of Andy Warhol's Factory", by Billy Name, Dave Hickey, and Collier Schorr; ISBN 1881616843 Distributed Art Publishers (DAP) (August 1997)
*"Billy Name: Stills from the Warhol Films" by Debra Miller; ISBN 3791313673 Prestel Pub (March 1994)
* Steven Watson, "Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties" (2003) Pantheon, New York

External links

* [http://www.billyname.com/ Billy Name's Official Website]
* [http://www.ovoworks.smugmug.com/gallery/664768#29519254 Billy Name's Images at OvoWorks, Inc.]
* [http://www.warholstars.org/indfoto/ibilly.html Warholstars.com profile of Billy Name]

Video

* [http://www.documen.tv/asset/Billy_Name.html 90 minutes of Exclusive Interview of Billy Name in VOD] (costs $4.99 USD to watch)

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Billy Name — (* 22. Februar 1940 in Poughkeepsie, New York, USA; eigentlich William „Billy“ Linich) ist ein US amerikanischer Fotograf, Filmregisseur und war Universalmitglied von And …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Billy Name — Billy Name, également connu sous le nom de Billy Goat (de son vrai nom Billy Linich, né le 22 février 1940 à Poughkeepsie, New York), est un photographe américain, artiste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Linich — Billy Name Billy Name, également connu sous le nom de Billy Goat (de son vrai nom Billy Linich, né le 22 février 1940 à Poughkeepsie, New York), est un photographe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Name (Begriffsklärung) — Name steht für: Name, eine individuelle Identifikation NAME Syndrom Krankheit, .name Top level domain Eigenname in Philosophie und Semantik Zur juristischen Problematik siehe Namensrecht. Name ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Billy Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Billy Goat — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Billy Goat peut désigner : Billy Goat, un des pseudonymes de Billy Linich (né en 1940), photographe américain, plus connuu sous le nom de Billy Name; …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Corgan — Corgan playing in Köln, Germany in 2005 Background information Birth name William Billy Patrick Corgan, Jr …   Wikipedia

  • Billy the Marlin — is the official mascot of the Florida Marlins baseball franchise. At 8 feet tall and 250 pounds, he is a natural born clown and good natured prankster [Billy The Marlin [http://florida.marlins.mlb.com/fla/community/billy the marlin.jsp Home page] …   Wikipedia

  • Billy (Saw) — Billy is a puppet that has appeared in the Saw films. He was used by the series primary antagonist John Kramer, the Jigsaw Killer, to communicate with his victims. Although he has never been identified in the actual films themselves, Billy is the …   Wikipedia

  • Billy B. Van — (1870 1950) was a prominent entertainer in the early decades of the 1900s. He was a star, progressively, in minstrel shows, vaudeville, burlesque, the New York stage, and movies. At the same time under another name he was a well known dairy… …   Wikipedia

  • Billy's Topless — was a topless bar on Sixth Avenue and 24th Street in the Chelsea area of New York City. Opening in 1970, it was for many years considered a neighborhood landmark. [ [http://nymag.com/realestate/articles/02/03/realestate/upandcomers/4.htm Real… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.