- Statistical physics
**Statistical physics**is one of the fundamental theories ofphysics , and uses methods ofstatistics in solving physical problems. It can describe a wide variety of fields with an inherentlystochastic nature. Examples include problems involvingnuclear reaction s, and topics in the fields ofbiology ,chemistry ,neurology and even some social sciences such associology .The term "statistical physics" encompasses probabilistic and statistical approaches to

classical mechanics andquantum mechanics .Statistical mechanics is then often used as a synonym. When the context requires a distinction, one uses the terms "classical statistical mechanics" and "quantum statistical mechanics".A statistical approach can work well in classical systems when the number of degrees of freedom (and so the number of variables) is so large that exact solution is not possible, or not really useful. Statistical mechanics can also describe work in

non-linear dynamics ,chaos theory ,thermal physics ,fluid dynamics (particularly at highKnudsen number s), orplasma physics .Although some problems in statistical physics can be solved analytically using approximations and expansions, most current research utilizes the large processing power of modern computers to simulate or approximate solutions. A common approach to statistical problems is to use a

Monte Carlo simulation to yield insight into the dynamics of a complex system.**ee also*** Statistical ensemble

*Statistical field theory

*Statistical thermodynamics

*Statistical mechanics

*Thermodynamics

*Mean sojourn time

*Dynamics of Markovian particles

*Complex network

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**statistical physics**— statistinė fizika statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. statistical physics vok. statistische Physik, f rus. статистическая физика, f pranc. physique statistique, f … Fizikos terminų žodynas**statistical physics**— … Useful english dictionary**Monte Carlo method in statistical physics**— Monte Carlo in statistical physics refers to the application of the Monte Carlo method to problems in statistical physics, or statistical mechanics. Contents 1 Overview 2 Importance sampling 2.1 Canonical … Wikipedia**Philosophy of thermal and statistical physics**— The philosophy of thermal and statistical physics is one of the major subdisciplines of the philosophy of physics. Its subject matter is classical thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and related theories. Its central questions include: What is … Wikipedia**Statistical finance**— Statistical finance, [ J P Bouchaud, An introduction to Statistical Finance, Physica A 313 (2002) 238 251] sometimes called econophysics, [ V. Perou, E. Gopikrishnan, L A Amaral, M. Meyer, H. E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 60 6519 (1999)] is an… … Wikipedia**statistical mechanics**— Physics, Chem. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with average properties of the molecules, atoms, or elementary particles in random motion in a system of many such particles and relates these properties to the thermodynamic and other… … Universalium**Statistical mechanics**— is the application of probability theory, which includes mathematical tools for dealing with large populations, to the field of mechanics, which is concerned with the motion of particles or objects when subjected to a force.Statistical mechanics … Wikipedia**Statistical ensemble (mathematical physics)**— In mathematical physics, especially as introduced into statistical mechanics and thermodynamics by J. Willard Gibbs in 1878, an ensemble (also statistical ensemble or thermodynamic ensemble)cite book |last=Kittel |first=Charles… … Wikipedia**Physics (further reading)**— This page lists sources for further reading about Physics.Webpages* [http://www.nature.com/naturephysics Nature Physics] * [http://www.vega.org.uk/ The Vega Science Trust] , includes hours of Freeview Science Video including many Physicists such… … Wikipedia**statistical**— adj. of or relating to statistics. Phrases and idioms: statistical physics physics as it is concerned with large numbers of particles to which statistics can be applied. statistical significance = SIGNIFICANCE 4. Derivatives: statistically adv … Useful english dictionary