- Death march
A death march is a forced march of prisoners of war or other captives or deportees. Those marching must walk over long distances for an extremely long period of time and are not supplied with food or water. Prisoners who collapse are left to die or killed by guards.
Examples of death marches
- In 1835, Alexander Herzen encountered emaciated cantonists, Jewish boys (some as young as 8 years old) conscripted to the Imperial Russian army. Herzen was being convoyed to his exile at Vyatka, the cantonists were marched to Kazan and their officer complained that a third had already died.
- In 1838, the Cherokee nation had to march westward towards Oklahoma. This death march became known as the Trail of Tears where an estimated 4,000 men, women, and children died during relocation.
- During the years 1914-1923, large numbers of Ottoman Greeks were subjected to death marches, in series of events that became known as the Greek genocide.
- During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, hundreds of thousands of men, women and children were forced into death marches through the desert of Deir ez-Zor where most of them perished, leaving few survivors. Today there is a memorial in Deir ez-Zor for the marchers.
- In the Pacific Theatre, the Imperial Japanese Army conducted death marches, including the infamous Bataan Death March (1942) and Sandakan Death Marches (1945).
- The term 'death march'- was used in the context of the World War II history by victims and then by historians to refer to the forcible movement between fall 1944 and April 1945 by Nazi Germany of thousands of prisoners, mostly Jews, from Nazi concentration camps near the advancing war front to camps inside Germany.
- "The March" refers to a series of death marches during the final stages of World War II in Europe when over 80,000 Allied PoWs were force-marched westward across Poland, Czechoslovakia and Germany in winter conditions, lasting about four months from January to April 1945.
- In the Brünn death march of Summer 1945, Sudeten Germans were expelled by Czechs from Sudetenland to Austria, killing at least 800 in the process.
- During the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, some 70,000 Palestinian Arabs from the cities of Al-Ramla and Lydda were forcibly expelled by Israeli forces, and an estimated 350 people died during what came to be known as the Lydda Death March.
- In the Korean War of winter 1951, 200,000 South Korean National Defense Corps soldiers were forcibly marched by their commanders, and 90,000 soldiers starved to death or died of disease by their commanders embezzlement. This incident is known as National Defense Corps Incident.
- In July 1973, Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) cadres captured 292 pupils and staff from the school at St Albert's Mission between Centenary and Mount Darwin in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and force-marched them north towards Mozambique, where the ZANLA bases were. The march was intercepted by the Rhodesian Security Forces before it crossed the border and all but eight of the children and staff were recovered.
- ^ (Russian) Alexander Herzen. "Былое и думы" (My Past and Thoughts), end of Chapter 13: "Беда да и только, треть осталась на дороге."
- ^ Marshall, Ian (1998). Story line: exploring the literature of the Appalachian Trail (Illustrated ed.). University of Virginia Press. ISBN 0813917980, 9780813917986. http://books.google.ca/books?id=5vCrrGyKw_UC&pg=PA29&dq=%22trail+of+tears%22+%22death+march%22.
- ^ Holmes, Richard; Strachan, Hew; Bellamy, Chris; Bicheno, Hugh (2001). The Oxford companion to military history (Illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198662092, 9780198662099. "On 12 July, the Arab inhabitants of the Lydda- Ramie area, amounting to some 70000, were expelled in what became known as the 'Lydda Death March'."
- ^ Terence Roehrig (2001). Prosecution of Former Military Leaders in Newly Democratic Nations: The Cases of Argentina, Greece, and South Korea. McFarland & Company. pp. 139. ISBN 978-0786410910. http://books.google.com/books?id=zfQggLWwyi4C&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&hl=en&ei=WIdITM6DK8T58AbiqZjpDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- ^ Cilliers, Jackie (December 1984). Counter-Insurgency in Rhodesia. London, Sydney & Dover, New Hampshire: Croom Helm. p. 18. ISBN 978-0709934127.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
death march — noun : a march (as of prisoners of war) in which those unable to go on are left to die as they fall * * * death march, a long, forced march, usually of prisoners of war, under conditions exceeding the normal limits of human endurance: »The… … Useful english dictionary
death march — forced march of prisoners for extended periods of time during which many prisoners die due to a lack of food or water or other proper supplies … English contemporary dictionary
death march — /ˈdɛθ matʃ/ (say deth mahch) noun a forced march, as of prisoners, in which many people die from illness and deprivation … Australian English dictionary
death march — noun A forced movement of people, on foot, in such circumstances that many die during the journey … Wiktionary
Death march (disambiguation) — Death march may refer to: Death march, forced march of prisoners Death marches (Holocaust), death marches of concentration camp prisoners in 1944 and 1945 Death march (project management), a project that involves grueling overwork and (often)… … Wikipedia
Death march (project management) — This article is about the use of the term in project management (originally and especially in software development). For real death marches, see death march. In project management, a death march is any of several types of pathologic projects… … Wikipedia
Death march (software development) — In the software development and software engineering industries, a death march is a dysphemism for a project that is destined to fail. Usually it is a result of unrealistic or overly optimistic expectations in scheduling, feature scope, or both,… … Wikipedia
Bataan Death March — The Bataan Death March (also known as The Death March of Bataan ) took place in the Philippines in 1942 and was later accounted as a Japanese war crime. The 60 mile (97 km) march occurred after the three month Battle of Bataan, part of the Battle … Wikipedia
Memorials to Bataan Death March victims — Plaque in Maywood, Illinois Across the United States, and in the Philippines there exist dozens of memorials, such as monuments, plaques and schools, dedicated to the U.S. and Filipino prisoners who died during the Bataan Death March. There is… … Wikipedia
Brno death march — The Brno march, sometimes also called a death march Rozumět dějinám, Zdeněk Beneš, p. 208] [ Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East Central Europe, 1944 1948 , by Philipp Ther, Ana Siljak, 2001 [http://books.google.com/books?id=oGmTs2SceAgC… … Wikipedia