infobox UK place
country = England
population = 7,610 (2001 census)
region= East of England
constituency_westminster= Rochford and Southend East
os_grid_reference= TQ876904:"See also:
Rochford is a small town in the Rochford district of
Essexin the East of England. According to the 2001 census the civil parishof Rochford, which includes the town proper, Stroud Green, and London Southend Airport, had a population of 7,610.
The town is the main settlement in the Rochford district, and takes its name from Rochefort, Old English for Ford of the Hunting Dogs. The River Roach was originally called the Walfleet (Creek of the foreigners). It was renamed the Roach in what is known as a back formation. This is where it is assumed that Rochford means ford over the River Roach so they renamed the river to fit the theory. The town runs into suburban developments in the parishes of
econd world war
The Area currently occupied by
Southend Airportwas used as a fighter station in World War I[ [http://www.southendairport.net/1st_ww.htm Southend Airport.net] ]
World War IISouthend Airport was requisitioned by the Air ministry in August 1939 [ [http://www.ukcoldwar.org.uk/raf-rochford.htm UK Cold War.org.uk] ] for use as a fighter airfield for the No.11 Group RAF. Rochford was a satellite station for Horndon airfield and was primarily a fighter base home, mainly to Supermarine Spitfire and Hawker Hurricane aircraft. Rochford airfield was accompanied by a radar base in Canewdon (around 4 miles away.) It was returned to civilian service on 31 December 1946 [http://www.southendairport.net/2nd_ww.htm] .
Due to this fact Rochford was bombed a number of times.
Until the early 1980s one of the largest employers in Rochford was the
Lesneysfactory, who manufactured the famous " Matchbox" miniature die castmodel. However, this company relocated to Rugby, Warwickshirein 1990.
The town is just to the north of
Southend on Sea, but is sufficiently separated from both Southend and Rayleigh to preserve its own identity.
There is a Hall in Rochford which is privately owned by a family which live within the building, along with the golf course who also own a part of it. In 1380 Henry IV was married there. In 1525,
Henry VIIIawarded Thomas Boleynthe title of "Viscount Rochford".
It is close to
Rochford railway stationfrom which trains run to Southend Victoria and to Liverpool Street stationin the business district of central London. In consequence it has long been popular as a dormitory townfor commuters.
It also has good bus links to the surrounding towns. The Number 7 and 9 service going to both Rayleigh and
Southend, and the number 8 going to Hockleyand Southend.
James Bourne(b. 1983), member of pop punk band Son of Dork
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Jamie Cullum(b. 1979), is an English jazz/pop pianist and singer-songwriter
Sam Duckworth(b. 1986), singer/songwriter gui
Kirk Hudson(b. 1986), footballer
Stephen Pewsey(b. 1955), author and historian
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*Peter Taylor (b. 1953), footballer/football manager
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