- Burrel, Albania
official_name = Burrel
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = County
subdivision_type2 = District
population_as_of = 2005
population_total = 15539
timezone = Central European Time
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=41 |latm=36 |lats=30 |latNS=N
longd=20 |longm=00 |longs=40 |longEW=E
elevation_m = 316
area_code = 217
footnotes = Burrel (Albanian: "Burrel" or "Burreli"; alternate forms "Burelë", "Mat") is a
cityin northern Albania, 91 km from Tirana. It is the centre of the District of Mat.
The city's population is 62,000 (2003; 21st rank in Albania). Burrel is one of the largest districts in Albania. It is also known among Albanians as the "Land of Kings", as Gjon Kastrioti, the father of Gjergj Kastrioti better known as
Skanderbeg, was born there. He was a hereditary prince of a large district of Epirus that included Mat. Another famous native of Burrel was Ahmet Zogu, first king of Albania (born Ahmet Zogolli, later changed to Ahmet Zogu) (October 8, 1895 – April 9, 1961) who reigned from 1928 to 1939. He was previously Prime Minister of Albania between 1922 and 1924 and President of Albania between 1925 and 1928.
Burrel used to be a miners' town but the mines are closed now. A
ferrochromeplant is still working near Burrel.
Kosovo conflictthere was a refugee camp near Burrel for 2000 people.
The city used to be the site of one of the most terrible prisons of the communist regime, where both ordinary criminals and political prisoners such as
Bashkim Shehuand Fatos Lubonjaor the Catholic priest Dom Simon Jubaniwere held. Another famous inmate was Pjetër Arbnori, later to become a member of the free Albanian Parliament. Arbnori was known as "the Mandela of the Balkans" because of the length of his internment, which lasted for over 28 years. The political prisoners used to be condemned for attempts at overthrowing the state or anti-communist propaganda and agitation, for terms of at least 20 years. Often they were re-condemned while in prison. After the fall of the communist regime, the government of the Democratic Party closed the prison and made it a prison-museum. However in 1997, Sali Berishareadopted it as an active prison.
Klubi Sportiv Burreli (
KS Burreli) is an Albanian football (soccer) club based in Burrel. Its home arena is Burreli Stadium, containing 2,500 seats. Founded in 1952 under the name "KS 31 Korriku Burrel", the club first participated in the Albanian First Division in 1982. As of the 2006-2007 season, KS Burreli is playing in the Albanian First Division.
List of cities in Albania
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