- Hyde Park, South Yorkshire
caption=Hyde Park shown in Sheffield
Hyde Park is a district in
Sheffield, England. The area is named after fields that occupied the area in the early 19th century.
The area was used for cricket matches between 1824 and 1856. It had space for up to 10 cricket matches at a time. It was also the site of the first cricket match between
Yorkshireand Lancashireon the 20 July 1849.
Hyde Park was the site of the early large scale slum clearance in Britain, the previous back-to-back housing having been known as "Little Chicago" in the 1930s, due to the violent crimes sometimes committed there, and was partially razed before
World War II.
The nearby Park Hill
housing estatewas built between 1957and 1961. Designed by Jack Lynn and Ivor Smith, the deck access scheme, inspired by Le Corbusier's Unité d'Habitationand the Smithson's unbuilt schemes, most notably for Golden Lane in London, was viewed as revolutionary at the time.
The concept of the flats was described as "streets in the sky". Broad decks, wide enough for milk floats, had large numbers of front doors opening onto them. Each deck of structure, except the top one, has direct access to ground level at some point on the sloping site. The site also allows the roofline to remain level despite the building varying between four and thirteen stories in height. The scheme incorporates a shopping precinct and a primary school.
Further housing schemes were completed to similar designs, include the nearby Hyde Park estate and the
Kelvin Flats. Although initially popular and successful, over time the fabric of the buildings decayed somewhat and some other disadvantages have become apparent. The buildings at Hyde Park were partially demolished and refurbished for use in the 1991 World Student Games. The Kelvin estate was demolished in the early nineties, replaced with the smaller Philadelphia housing estate with both private and rented houses. The Park Hillestate still survives as a grade II* listed building, and large scale renovation is planned.
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