Sacrifice bunt

Sacrifice bunt

In baseball, a sacrifice bunt (also called a sacrifice hit) is the act of deliberately bunting the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base. The batter is almost always sacrificed (and to a certain degree that is the intent of the hitter) but sometimes reaches base due to an error or fielder's choice. Sometimes the batter may safely reach base by simply outrunning the throw to first; this is not scored as a sacrifice bunt but rather a single.

The most common situations in which to sacrifice bunt is when there are fewer than two outs and a runner on first base or runners on first and second base. The runners try to advance as soon as they see the ball bunted. A properly executed sacrifice bunt in this scenario puts the ball up the first base line with a runner on first, or down the third base line with runners at first and second. This avoids an inning-ending double play and results in the runner(s) advancing to second (and third) base.

A successful sacrifice bunt does not count as an at bat and, unlike a sacrifice fly, does not count during the calculation of on base percentage. However, if the official scorer believes that the batter was attempting to bunt for a base hit, and not solely to advance the runners, he is not credited with a sacrifice bunt and is charged an at bat.

In leagues without a designated hitter, sacrifice bunts are most commonly attempted by pitchers, who generally are not known for their hitting abilities. Managers believe that since their at bat will probably result in an out, they might as well approach it in a style likely to at least advance the runners. Some leadoff hitters also bunt frequently in similar situations and may be credited with a sacrifice, but as they are often highly skilled bunters and faster runners, they are often trying to get on base as well as advance runners.

A sacrifice bunt attempted while a runner is on third is called a squeeze play.

Although a sacrifice bunt is not the same as a sacrifice fly, both fell under the same statistical category until 1954.

In scoring, a sacrifice bunt may be denoted by SH, S, or occasionally, SAC.

Notable players with 300 or more sacrifice bunts

The following players have accumulated 300 or more sacrifice bunts in their playing careers:

Major Leagues:

*512 Eddie Collins (2b) MAJOR LEAGUE RECORD
*392 Jake Daubert (1b)
*383 John "Stuffy" McInnis (1b)
*337 Owen "Donie" Bush (SS)
*334 Ray Chapman (SS)
*323 Bill Wambsganss (2b)
*314 Larry Gardner (3b)
*309 Tris Speaker (OF)
*300 Walter "Rabbit" Maranville (SS)

Active Major Leagues:

*243 Omar Vizquel (SS) ACTIVE RECORD []

Nippon Professional Baseball/Japanese League:

*533 Masahiro Kawai (SS) "WORLD" "RECORD"

Of players who played significantly prior to 1901, "Wee" Willie Keeler (OF) accumulated 366 sacrifice bunts.

Among players who played primarily in the post-1920 live-ball era, the career leader in sacrifice bunts is Joe Sewell with 275. He was first called up by the Cleveland Indians late in the 1920 season shortly after the death of Indians star shortstop Ray Chapman after being hit in the head by a pitch, the event which is generally regarded as the start of the live-ball era.

ee also

* Sacrifice fly

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sacrifice bunt — ☆ sacrifice bunt n. Baseball a bunt made by the batter so that a base runner is advanced while the batter is put out: see also AT BAT: also called sacrifice hit * * * …   Universalium

  • sacrifice bunt — ☆ sacrifice bunt n. Baseball a bunt made by the batter so that a base runner is advanced while the batter is put out: see also AT BAT: also called sacrifice hit …   English World dictionary

  • sacrifice bunt — noun a) A ball that has been intentionally hit softly with a hands spread batting stance with the intention of advancing a runner at the cost of an out The sacrifice bunt was fielded cleanly, but the only play was to first. b) The act of bunting… …   Wiktionary

  • sacrifice bunt — noun : sacrifice hit * * * noun, pl ⋯ bunts [count] baseball : a bunt that allows a runner to go to the next base while the batter is put out called also sacrifice, sacrifice hit …   Useful english dictionary

  • sacrifice bunt — n. (Baseball) bunt that puts a batter out to advance the runner …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sacrifice — (from a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred , from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacr , sacred + facere , to make ) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, objects (typically valuables), or the lives of animals or people …   Wikipedia

  • sacrifice — [sak′rə fīs΄] n. [OFr < L sacrificium < sacer, SACRED + facere, to make, DO1] 1. a) the act of offering the life of a person or animal, or some object, in propitiation of or homage to a deity b) something so offered 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Bunt (baseball) — A Little League baseball player squares around to bunt. A bunt is a special type of offensive technique in baseball or fastpitch softball. In a bunt play, the batter loosely holds the bat in front of the plate and intentionally taps the ball into …   Wikipedia

  • sacrifice — sacrificeable, adj. sacrificer, n. /sak reuh fuys /, n., v., sacrificed, sacrificing. n. 1. the offering of animal, plant, or human life or of some material possession to a deity, as in propitiation or homage. 2. the person, animal, or thing so… …   Universalium

  • Sacrifice (disambiguation) — A sacrifice is the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship.Sacrifice may also refer to:In games: * Sacrifice (bridge), a strategy in bridge * Sacrifice (chess), a move in… …   Wikipedia

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