- Whitby railway station
Infobox UK station
name = Whitby
code = WTB
usage0405 = 0.132
platforms = 1
Whitby railway station serves the town of
Whitbyin North Yorkshire, England. It is terminus of the Esk Valley Line35 miles (56 km) south east of Middlesbrough railway stationand is operated by Northern Railwho provide all of the station's National Rail passenger services.
Four trains per day leave Whitby on weekdays and Saturdays, with five trains on summer Sundays, trains call at all stations to Middlesbrough.
3 April 2007services along the Heritage North Yorkshire Moors Railwayhave commenced running from Whitbyto Pickering running along the Esk Valley line to Grosmont railway stationwhere they join the NYMR's own line. The 2008 summer peak service in July and August consists of three departures daily except on Sundays. There are trains to Whitby during the whole of the NYMR's season (mid-March to the start of November), to see which days they are running on follow the link to the NYMR's timetable page below.
11 October 2007, the NYMR took over National Rail Ticket Sales at Whitby (as well as selling their own tickets). The phone number to contact the NYMR Whitby Office is: 01947 605872.
Whitby's original 'station' stood near to the end of the remaining platform, in the form of the offices, workshop and carriage shed of the Whitby and Pickering Railway, a single track horse worked line opened throughout in 1836, its Engineer was George Stephenson.
1845the W&P was taken over by the York and North Midland Railwayand converted into a double track, steam worked, line. The Y&NM built the present Whitbystation to the design of its architect George Townsend Andrews, who also designed the locomotive shed and the goods shed (demolished to make way for a supermarket, although a German bomber made a start during WW2). Andrews station included a fine 'Euston Truss' overall roof, unfortunately this was removed by British Railwaysin 1953and replaced by the present awnings.
1854the Y&NM helped form the North Eastern Railway, who later added two more platforms (also replaced by the supermarket) to help deal with traffic from the other branch lines that served Whitby; The Esk Valley Linefinally opened throughout to a junction at Grosmont in 1863. The coast line from Loftus opened in 1883and from Scarborough in 1885. Block signalling replaced the time interval system in 1876and brought Whitbyan unusual three storey signal box (to make it high enough to see over the adjacent goods shed).
The NER became part of the
London and North Eastern Railwayat the grouping of the railways in 1923and the LNER became part of British Railwayswith the nationalisationof the railways in 1948. The only changes brought to Whitby were in locomotives, rolling stock and signalling; the basic structure remained unchanged.
With the publication of the
Beeching Reportin 1963change, indeed oblivion hung over Whitby station and its railways; the report recommended closure of all three lines that still served Whitby(the fourth line going north up the coast had already closed in 1958).There was strong local resistance to the closure of the three lines but in the event only one line, that up the Esk Valley to Middlesbrough was saved. It may seem strange that Whitby's 'main line', the largely double track line to Pickering, Malton with connections to Yorkwas not the one to survive but the saviour of the Esk Valley Linewas the steep and narrow roads to the villages that it served, making replacement bus services impractical, especially for bringing school children to and from school in Whitby.
With the closure of all but the
Esk Valley LineWhitby lost almost all of its staff and in time the pickup goods train was withdrawn; the remaining double track as far as Grosmont was singled and the signal box closed and later demolished, as was the goods shed. It was only a spirited case put by an ex-Whitby signalman that allowed retention of a basic facility for running round loco-hauled trains, so as to allow for excursions and as it turned out today's through steam services over the NYMR.Platforms 3 and 4 were entirely removed and the site sold off, to be occupied by a supermarket.Platform 2 was cut back to what remains of the trainshed and its track removed, leaving only platform 1 rail served.Apart from the roofless and truncated station, Whitby's only other surviving railway buildings are the two track engine shed, originally built by the York and North Midland Railwayand extended by the NER and now in prospect of conversion into Captain CookWorld and the neglected remains of one of the pair of Whitby and Pickering Railway 1835weighbridge houses.
* [http://www.nymr.co.uk/timetable Train times and information from the North Yorkshire Moors Railway]
*IoE|438017 Whitby Engine Sheds
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