Swineherd


Swineherd

A Swineherd (IPAEng|ˈswaɪnhɜrd) is a person who looks after pigs. The term has fallen out of popular use in favour of 'pig farmer'.

Pig farming today is still carried out in a manner that can be compared to that practiced in Roman times. Marcus Terentius Varro recommended waiting until sows are one year and eight months old before mating them and recommended continuing to breed them until they were seven years old. Today sows can be mated at six or seven months, but it is not recommended to breed them more than three times. Mortality and parasite infections were more frequent in antiquity. Farmers therefore waited until they knew which sows were healthy before breeding from healthy sows. Modern pigs can breed earlier, possibly due to selective breeding but they weaken after the third litter.

wineherds in literature

* Hans Christian Andersen wrote a Fairy tale called, "The Swineherd".
* In Greek mythology, Eumaeus (or Eumaios) was Odysseus' swineherd before he left for the Trojan War.
* In the Parable of the Prodigal Son, the younger son wastes his inheritance and eventually has to become a swineherd.
* In Lloyd Alexander's books based on Welsh mythology, "The Chronicles of Prydain", the hero is a pig keeper, or swineherd.
* In Terry Pratchett Discworld novel Guards! Guards!
* The character Gurth, in Sir Walter Scott's book "Ivanhoe" is a swineherd.
* The main character in the Disney movie "The Black Cauldron" is a swineherd.

References

* [http://www.askoxford.com/results/?view=dict&field-12668446=swineherd&branch=13842570&textsearchtype=exact&sortorder=score%2Cname Swineherd]
* [http://www.bartleby.com/cgi-bin/texis/webinator/ahdsearch?search_type=enty&query=swineherd&db=ahd&Submit=Search Swineherd]

ee also

*pig
*Domestic pig
*pork


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swineherd — Swine herd , n. A keeper of swine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • swineherd — c.1100, swynhyrde; see SWINE (Cf. swine) + HERD (Cf. herd) …   Etymology dictionary

  • swineherd — ► NOUN chiefly historical ▪ a person who tends pigs …   English terms dictionary

  • swineherd — [swīn′hʉrd΄] n. a person who tends swine …   English World dictionary

  • swineherd — UK [ˈswaɪnˌhɜː(r)d] / US [ˈswaɪnˌhɜrd] noun [countable] Word forms swineherd : singular swineherd plural swineherds an old word for someone whose job was to look after pigs …   English dictionary

  • swineherd — noun Date: before 12th century one who tends swine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • swineherd — swineherdship, n. /swuyn herrd /, n. a person who tends swine. [bef. 1100; ME; late OE swynhyrde. See SWINE, HERD2] * * * …   Universalium

  • swineherd — noun /ˈswɑɪnˌhɜːd/ A keeper of swine (pigs) …   Wiktionary

  • swineherd — Synonyms and related words: cattleman, cowboy, cowgirl, cowhand, cowherd, cowman, cowpuncher, drover, gaucho, goatherd, gooseboy, gooseherd, herder, herdsman, hogherd, horse wrangler, horseherd, pigman, puncher, sheepherder, sheepman, shepherd,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • swineherd — swine|herd [ˈswaınhə:d US hə:rd] n [: Old English; Origin: swinhyrde, from swin ( SWINE) + hyrde herdsman ] old use someone who looks after pigs …   Dictionary of contemporary English