Gayle, North Yorkshire


Gayle, North Yorkshire

infobox UK place
country = England
static_

static_image_caption =
latitude = 54.29993
longitude = -2.20032
official_name = Gayle
population =
shire_district= Richmondshire
shire_county = North Yorkshire
region = Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster =
post_town =
postcode_district =
postcode_area =
dial_code =
os_grid_reference = SD870893
Gayle is a hamlet sited a mile south of Hawes in Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England.

Gayle was originally a farming settlement but the population grew during the late 1700s to around 350 with employment in local quarries, coal-mining in Sleddale and in a water-driven cotton mill on Gayle Beck. The population of the village later contracted.

Gayle Mill, constructed in 1776, is now a Grade II* listed building, a scheduled monument and came third in the BBC's 2004 "Restoration" contest. Originally a cotton-spinning mill it was converted to a sawmill in 1878. It is the oldest structurally unaltered cotton mill in existence, and its Thomson Double-Vortex turbine built by Williamson's of Kendal in 1878 is believed to be the world's oldest surviving water turbine still in its original situation. The mill is currently undergoing restoration.

Gayle has a Methodist Church, constructed in 1833. A breakaway Methodist sect, associated with the Sandemanians in Scotland, was previously associated with the village, but only their graveyard remains.

Gayle relies primarily on farming and tourism, with the area boasting campsites and bed-and-breakfasts, as well as being a popular location for holiday homes.

References

* North Yorkshire Federations of Women's Institutes. "The North Yorkshire Village Book". Countryside Books, Newbury, 1991. ISBN 1-85306-137-9.

External links

* [http://www.gaylemill.org.uk/index.html Gayle Mill website] .
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/programmes/restoration/profiles/?10 BBC Restoration profile of Gayle Mill] .
* [http://www.friendsofgaylemill.org.uk/index.html Friends of Gayle Mill (supporters' group) website] .


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