Immunity (legal)

Immunity (legal)

In law, immunity is the status of a person or body that places them beyond the law and makes them free from legal obligations, such as liability for torts or damages or prosecution under criminal law.

* Amnesty law, immunity from past crimes

* Judicial immunity, immunity of a judge or magistrate in the course of their official duties

* Prosecutorial immunity, immunity granted to a witness in exchange for testimony

* Parliamentary immunity, granted to elected representative officials during their tenure and in the course of their duties

* Diplomatic immunity, agreement between sovereign governments to exclude diplomats from local laws

* Sovereign immunity, preventing a lawsuit or prosecution against a monarch, ruler, or government, without their consent

* Qualified immunity, in the United States, of individuals performing tasks as part of the government's actions

* Immunity from prosecution (international law), excluding governments or their officials from prosecution under international law

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  • immunity — im·mu·ni·ty /i myü nə tē/ n pl ties [Latin immunitas, from immunis exempt from public service, exempt, from in non + munis (from munia services)] 1: exemption from a duty or liability that is granted by law to a person or class of persons a… …   Law dictionary

  • Immunity — • An exemption from a legal obligation (munus), imposed on a person or his property by law, custom, or the order of a superior Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Immunity     Immunity …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • immunity — UK US /ɪˈmjuːnəti/ noun [U] ► LAW official protection from legal action, for example, not being judged in a court or punished for a crime: grant/give sb immunity »Taken before a federal judge, he was granted immunity but ordered to testify or… …   Financial and business terms

  • immunity from assault — index inviolability Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • immunity — [i myo͞on′ə tē] n. pl. immunities [ME ynmunite < OFr immunité < L immunitas, freedom from public service < immunis: see IMMUNE] 1. exemption or freedom from something burdensome or otherwise unpleasant, as a legal obligation 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • legal protection — legal immunity, protection by the law …   English contemporary dictionary

  • immunity — /i myooh ni tee/, n., pl. immunities. 1. the state of being immune from or insusceptible to a particular disease or the like. 2. the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease. 3. the ability of a cell to react… …   Universalium

  • immunity — noun 1 protection against disease ADJECTIVE ▪ strong ▪ acquired, natural ▪ impaired ▪ lifelong ▪ Infection usually confers lifelon …   Collocations dictionary

  • Legal technicality — The term legal technicality is a casual or colloquial phrase referring to a technical aspect of law. The phrase is not a term of art in the law; it has no exact meaning, nor does it have a legal definition. The words legal technicality are often… …   Wikipedia

  • immunity — Exemption, as from serving in an office, or performing duties which the law generally requires other citizens to perform; e.g. exemption from paying taxes. Freedom or exemption from penalty, burden, or duty. Special privilege. See also exemption… …   Black's law dictionary