Charles Joseph Minard


Charles Joseph Minard
Charles Joseph Minard
Born 27 March 1781
Dijon, France
Died October 24, 1870(1870-10-24) (aged 89)
Bordeaux, France
Fields Civil engineering and information graphics
Alma mater École Polytechnique
Known for Carte figurative des pertes successives en hommes de l'Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813'

Charles Joseph Minard (27 March 1781 – 24 October 1870 in Bordeaux) was a French civil engineer noted for his inventions in the field of information graphics.

Contents

Biography

Minard was born in Dijon and studied science and mathematics at the École Polytechnique, then civil engineering at École nationale des ponts et chaussées.

After working as a civil engineer on dam, canal and bridge projects throughout Europe for many years, he was appointed superintendent of the École nationale des ponts et chaussées (School of Bridges and Roads) in 1830, a position he held until 1836. He became an inspector in the Corps des Ponts (Corps of Bridges) from which he retired in 1851, dedicating himself to private research thereafter.

Work

Charles Minard's flow map of Napoleon's March
Minard's map using pie charts to represent the cattle sent from all around France for consumption in Paris (1858).

Information graphics

Minard was a pioneer of the use of graphics in engineering and statistics. He is famous for his Carte figurative des pertes successives en hommes de l'Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813, a flow map published in 1869 on the subject of Napoleon's disastrous Russian campaign of 1812.

The graph displays several variables in a single two-dimensional image:

  • the size of the army - providing a strong visual representation of human suffering, e.g. the sudden decrease of the army's size at the crossing of the Berezina river on the retreat;
  • the geographical co-ordinates, latitude and longitude, of the army as it moved;
  • the direction that the army was traveling, both in advance and in retreat, showing where units split off and rejoined;
  • the location of the army with respect to certain dates; and
  • the weather temperature along the path of the retreat, in another strong visualisation of events (during the retreat "one of the worst winters in recent memory set in"[1]).

Étienne-Jules Marey first called notice to this dramatic depiction of the fate of Napoleon's army in the Russian campaign, saying it "defies the pen of the historian in its brutal eloquence". Edward Tufte says it "may well be the best statistical graphic ever drawn"[2] and uses it as a prime example in The Visual Display of Quantitative Information.

Howard Wainer identified Minard's map as a "gem" of information graphics, nominating it as the "World's Champion Graph".[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Charles Joseph Minard: Mapping Napoleon's March, 1861" by John Corbett, Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science
  2. ^ Edward R. Tufte (2001). The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. p. 40
  3. ^ Howard Wainer (1984). "How to Display Data Badly". In: American Statistician 38 (2): p 146 (pg 136–147).

Further reading

  • Michael Friendly (2002). Visions and re-visions of Charles Joseph Minard. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. 27 (1), 31–52.
  • Edward R. Tufte (2001). The Visual Display of Quantitative Information (2nd edition ed.). Graphics Press. ISBN 0961392142. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph - получить на Академике рабочий купон на скидку kitchenplace или выгодно joseph купить с бесплатной доставкой на распродаже в kitchenplace

  • Charles Joseph Minard — (* 27. März 1781 in Dijon; † 24. Oktober 1870 in Bordeaux) war ein französischer Bauingenieur, der wesentliche Beiträge zur Entwicklung der Informationsgrafik leistete. Minard studierte ab 1796 an der École Polytechnique und danach an der École… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Joseph Minard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Minard. Charles Joseph Minard (né le 27 mars 1781 à Dijon, Côte d’Or, et mort le 24 octobre 1870 à Bordeaux, Gironde) est un ingénieur civil français célèbre pour ses inventions dans le domaine de la traduction… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Joseph Minard — Mapa figurativo de las sucesivas pérdidas de hombres de la Armada Francesa en la campaña de Rusia 1812 1813 , gráfico que elaborara Minard en 1869 a la edad de 88 años. Charles Joseph Minard (* Dijon, 27 de marzo de 1781 – Burdeos, 24 de octubre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Minard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Minard. Charles Joseph Minard (né le 27 mars 1781 à Dijon, Côte d’Or, et mort le 24 octobre 1870 à Bordeaux, Gironde) est un ingénieur civil français célèbre pour ses inventions dans le domaine de la traduction… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Minard — ist der Name von Charles Joseph Minard (1781−1870), französischer Bauingenieur Chris Minard (* 1981), kanadischer Eishockeyspieler Sébastien Minard (* 1982), französischer Radrennfahrer Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minard — may refer to; Minard, Argyllshire Charles Joseph Minard Minard Castle This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the li …   Wikipedia

  • Minard — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Charles Joseph Minard, ingénieur et économiste français (XIXe siècle.) Chris Minard, joueur de hockey sur glace canadien. Philippe Minard,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Barbara — Charles Barbara, né à Orléans le 5 mars 1817 et mort à Paris le 19 septembre 1866[1], est un écrivain français. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Barbara et Baudela …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der Biografien/Mil–Min — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • French invasion of Russia — Patriotic War of 1812 redirects here. Not to be confused with the Great Patriotic War, the Russian name for World War II on the Eastern European theatre. French invasion of Russia (Patriotic War of 1812) Part of Napoleonic Wars …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.