Rougé


Rougé

Rougé is a French town in the department of Loire-Atlantique, Region Pays de la Loire in the historical province of Bretagne (West of France), near Rennes.

The name "Rougé" comes from the Latin "Rubiacus", means "the red place". The name was used to call "the red place" because of the high iron-composition of the ground.

This city is the original lordship of a famous French dynasty of the same name (Rougé-Rougé, Rougé de Derval, Rougé du Plessis-Bellière, and Rougé de Caylus).

The Lords of Rougé are legitimate descendants in male line of the Kings of Brittany, through Riwallon IV royal prince of Brittany, earl of Poher, eldest son of Salomon (or Salaün), King of Brittany.

Genealogy of the first Lords of Rougé

* Riwallon III, or Rivallo, Earl of Poher, father of
* Salomon, or Salaün, or Saint Salomon, King of Brittany from 857 to 874, father of
* Riwallon IV, or Rivallo IV of Brittany, Earl of Poher, father of
* Alan, Earl of Vannes and Prince of Brittany, died ~ 907, father of
* Herveus, died ~ 940, father of
* Herveus, called Tugdual, died ~ 980, father of
* Tugdual, Lord of Rougé, was alive ~ 1000, father of the existing House of Rougé

Historic figures include

*the Lord of Rougé Bonabes IV de Rougé de Derval, French ambassador (1356) and hostage for person of the French King Jean in the Tower of London (from 1360), from which he escaped with the brother of this king, the Duke of Orleans
*Jacques de Rougé du Plessis-Bellière, known as the Marquis du Plessis-Bellière, famous French general, killed in action at the Battle of Castellamare near Naples
*The Marquise du Plessis-Bellière, Suzanne de Bruc de Monplaisir de Rougé du Plessis-Belliere, also known as Angélique, the Marquise of the Angels
*Pierre-François, Marquis de Rougé, French general and first to sign the first military treaty with Prussia to protect the wounded soldiers, the hospitals and medical personnel
*His son Bonabes, Marquis de Rougé, who died in 1783 on his return from the American War of Independence.
*Bonabes de Rougé, Comte de Rougé, secretary general of the Red Cross from 1936 to 1957.

List of the Lords, and Marquis de Rougé

* Riwallon IV, or Rivallo IV of Brittany, Earl of Poher, father of
* Alan, Earl of Vannes and Prince of Brittany, died ~ 907, father of
* Herveus I, died ~ 940, father of
* Herveus II, called Tugdual, died ~ 980, father of
* Tugdual, Lord of Rougé, was alive ~ 1000
* Herveus III, + 1050, Lord of Rougé
* Eudo, 1050-1080, Lord of Rougé
* Warinus, crusader, Lord of Rougé
* Ivo, Lord of Rougé
* Bonabes I, around 1140, Lord of Rougé
* Olivier I, Lord of Rougé
* Olivier II, Lord of Rougé
* Bonabes II, 1206-1252, Lord of Rougé
* Olivier IV, crusader, +1294, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Guillaume I, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Bonabes III, killed 1347, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Jean I, killed 1347, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Bonabes IV, + 1377, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Jean III, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Guillaume II, died between 1392 and 1398, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Jean IV, + 1416, Lord of Rougé and Derval
* Jean V de Rougé, (or Jean III de Rougé de la Chapelle-Glain) died before 1347
* Legalloys, + 1509, Lord of Le Bouays
* Pierre I, + 1514, Lord of Les Rues
* Robert, + 1539, Lord of Les Rues
* Mathurin, Lord of Les Rues, Governor of Le Mans
* René I, 1556-1621, Lord of Les Rues
* René II, 1599-1647, Marquis des Rues
* Pierre II, 1638-1701, Marquis des Rues
* Pierre III, 1670-1707, 1st Marquis de Rougé
* Pierre François, 1702- killed 1761, 2nd Marquis de Rougé & Baron de Coëtmen
* Bonabes V Jean Catherine Alexis, 1751- killed 1783, 3rd Marquis de Rougé & Baron de Coëtmen
* Bonabes VI Louis Victurnien Alexis, 1778-1839, 4th Marquis de Rougé & Baron de Coëtmen
* Théodorite or Theodoric Bonabes Victurnien Félicien, 1806-1864, 5th Marquis de Rougé
* Henri Marie Bonabes Victurnien, 1842-1914, 6th Marquis de Rougé
* Jacques Edouard Bonabes Victurnien, 7th Marquis de Rougé
* Xavier, 1894-1979, 8t Marquis de Rougé
* Pierre IV, 1922-1987, 9th Marquis de Rougé
* Hervé IV, 1929-2002, 10th Marquis de Rougé
* Bonabes VII Alexis Marie, born 1930, 11th Marquis de Rougé

"succession"
* Jean-Louis, Count de Rougé, born 1932
* Robert, Count Robert de Rougé, born 1940
* Amaury, Count Amaury de Rougé, born 1962

This family's titles are principally:

*Lord of Rues and Chenillé (since 1220)
*Lord of Derval (since 1275)
*Viscount of La Guerche (since 1365)
*Marquess and Count of Plessis-Bellière and of Faÿ les Nemours (since 1651)
*Baron of Coetmen
*Marquess and Count of Rougé (since 1701, confirmed 1815 and 1827)
*Marquess of Cholet, Baron of Montfaucon and of May (since 1760)
*Peer of France (since 1815)
*Duke of Caylus (since 1893)

Bibliography

* Lobineau, Dom, "Mémoire pour servir de preuves à l'Histoire de Bretagne"
* Courcelles, Chevalier de, "Histoire généalogique de la Maison de Rougé", Béthune, 1830.
* Borel d'Hauterive, André, "Notice historique et généalogique sur la Maison de Rougé", Annuaire de la Noblesse de France, 1880.
* Rougé, Vicomte Olivier de, "Histoire Généalogique de la Maison de Rougé", Chartier Vendôme, 1908.
* Wismes, Armel de, "Ainsi vivaient les Français", Jean-Pierre Gyss éditeur, 2001.
* Rougé, Comte Bertrand de, Le Château de Tonquédec, Editions Ouest-France, 2000.
* Morand, Paul, "Fouquet ou le Soleil Offusqué".
* Bazin, Raymond, "La Fronde en Normandie", Dieppe, 1907.
* "Almanach de Gotha"
* "Bottin Mondain"
* La Barre de Raillicourt, Dominique de, "Les Titres authentiques de la noblesse en France", Editions Perrin, 2004.
* "Quid".


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