- Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet
Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet (or Granville) (1600 – 1658) was a Cornish Royalist leader during the
English Civil War.
He was the third son of Sir
Bernard Grenville(1559-1636), and a grandson of the famous seaman, Sir Richard Grenville. Having served in France, Germanyand the Netherlands, Grenville gained the favour of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, took part in the expeditions to Cádiz, to the island of Rhé and to La Rochelle, was knighted, and in 1628 became member of parliament for Fowey, Cornwall.
In 1630, he married Mary Fitz (1596-1671), the wealthy widow of Sir Charles Howard (d. 1622), and was made a
baronet; his violent temper destroyed the marriage, and he was imprisoned as the result of two lawsuits, one with his wife, and the other with her kinsman, the Earl of Suffolk. In 1633 he escaped from prison and went to Germany, returning to England six years later to join the army which Charles I was collecting to march against the Scots. Early in 1641, just after the outbreak of the Irish rebellion, Sir Richard led some troops to Ireland, where he won some fame and became governor of Trim; then returning to England in 1643 he was arrested at Liverpoolby Parliament, but was soon released and sent to join the parliamentary army. Instead, having obtained men and money, he hurried to Charles I at Oxford and was despatched to take part in the siege of Plymouth, quickly becoming the leader of the forces engaged in this enterprise. Compelled to raise the siege he withdrew into Cornwall, where he helped to resist the advancing Parliamentarians.
Vital supplies of Cornish tin helped finance the Royalist war-effort and Grenville marched his contingent to Launceston where he positioned Cornish troops along the
River Tamarand issued instructions to keep "all foreign troops out of Cornwall". ["West Britons", by Mark Stoyle (Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Southampton) University of Exeter Press, 2002] Grenville tried to use "Cornish particularist sentiment" to gather support for the Royalist cause. The Cornish were fighting for their Royalist privileges, notably the Duchyand Stannariesand he put a plan to the Prince which would , if implemented, have created a semi-independent Cornwall. Grenville had sent several letters to the "gentlemen of Cornwall" to meet him at Launceston in December 1645.
About this time complaints were brought against Grenville, saying that he had behaved in a very arbitrary fashion, hanging some men and imprisoning others, extorting money and using war contributions for his own ends. Many of these charges were undoubtedly true, but upon his recovery the councillors of the Prince of Wales gave him a position under Lord Goring, whom he refused to obey. Equally recalcitrant was his attitude towards Goring's successor, Sir
Ralph Hopton. Grenville refused to serve under Lord Hopton and resigned his commission. In January 1646 he was arrested at Launceston for insubordination and imprisoned on St Michael's Mount.
On his release, he went to France and Italy, and after visiting England in disguise passed some time in the
Netherlands. He was excepted by parliament from pardon in 1648, and after the king's execution he was with Charles II in France and elsewhere until some unfounded accusation which he brought against Edward Hyde, led to his removal from court. He died in 1658, and was buried at Ghent. In 1644, when Grenville deserted the parliamentary party, a proclamation was put out against him; in this there were attached to his name several offensive epithets, among them being skellum, a word probably derived from the German Scheim, a scoundrel. Hence he is often called "skellum Grenville."
Grenville wrote an account of affairs in the west of England, which was printed in T. Carte's "Original Letters" (1739). To this partisan account Clarendon drew up an answer, the bulk of which he afterwards incorporated in his History. In 1654 Grenville wrote his "Single defence against all aspersions of all malignant persons". This is printed in the "Works of George Granville, Lord Lansdowne" (London, 1736), where Lansdowne's vindication of his kinsman, Sir Richard, against Clarendon's charges is also found.
*Clarendon, "History of the Rebellion", edited by
William D. Macray(Oxford, 1888)
R. Granville, "The King's General in the West" (1908).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sir Samuel Fludyer, 1st Baronet — (c. 1704 18 January 1768), of Lee Place in Kent, was an English merchant and banker who served as a Member of Parliament and Lord Mayor of London.Fludyer was the eldest son of Samuel Fludyer, a London clothier but originally from Frome in… … Wikipedia
Sir Thomas Robinson, 1st Baronet — Thomas Robinson, 1st Baronet Rokeby (1702/3–1777) was an English architect and collector, and the first holder of the Baronetcy of Rokeby. Thomas left his brother William his title but not his estates, and his brother Richard his books, including … Wikipedia
Sir Henry Cavendish, 2nd Baronet — PC (29 September 1732 3 August 1804), was an Irish politician.Cavendish was the son of Sir Henry Cavendish, 1st Baronet, and his wife Anne (née Pyne). This branch of the Cavendish family descended from Henry Cavendish, illegitimate son of Henry… … Wikipedia
Richard Grenville (disambiguation) — Richard Grenville may refer to: *Sir Richard Grenville, English sailor and soldier, d.1591 *Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet, d. 1658, Royalist leader in the English Civil War * Richard Grenville Verney, 19th Baron Willoughby de Broke, d.1923… … Wikipedia
Grenville — may refer to: People* Bevil ** Bevil Grenville (1596–1643), Cornish Royalist military leader in the Civil War* George ** George Grenville (1712 1770), Whig, Prime Minister of Great Britain ** George Nugent Temple Grenville, 1st Marquess of… … Wikipedia
sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy … Universalium
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet — The Right Honourable Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Bt PC Chancellor of the Exchequer … Wikipedia
Bevil Grenville — Sir Bevil Grenville (1596 ndash;July 5, 1643), Royalist soldier in the English Civil War, was born near Withiel, west of Bodmin, Cornwall and was a grandson of Sir Richard Grenville, Elizabethan sailor, explorer, and soldier. He was educated at… … Wikipedia
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston — The Most Honourable The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC Lord Curzon of Kedleston as Viceroy of India … Wikipedia
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon — Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon. Clarendon is dressed in the garb of the Lord Chancellor, a position he held 1658 1667. Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (18 February 1609 – 9 December 1674) was an English historian and statesman, and… … Wikipedia