Calotropis


Calotropis

Taxobox
name = "Calotropis"


image_width = 220px
image_caption = "Calotropis gigantea"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Gentianales
familia = Apocynaceae
subfamilia = Asclepiadoideae
genus = "Calotropis"
genus_authority = R.Br.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Calotropis gigantea" - ak/akund "Calotropis procera" - Apple of Sodom

"Calotropis" is a genus of plants that produce milky sap. It is considered a common weed in some parts of the world. The flowers are fragrant and are often used in making 'floral tassels' in some mainland Southeast Asian cultures. Fibers these plants are called mudar or mader.The plant is known as "aak" in Ayurveda. The latex is said to have a mercury-like effects on the human body, and is some times referred to as "vegetable mercury" and is used in place of mercury in aphrodisiacs. It is used variously but sometimes leaves are fried in oil for medicinal purposes.

Root bark has "Digitalis" like effect on the heart, but was earlier used as a substitute of ipecacuanha.

It is a poisonous plant; calotropin, a compound in the latex, is more toxic than strychnine. Calotropin is similar in structure to two cardiac glycosides which are responsible for the cytotoxicity of Apocynum cannabinum L.Extracts of flower of "Calotropis procera" has shown a strong cytotoxic activity in the patients of colorectal cancer.

References

* Puri, H. S. (2003) RASAYANA: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London.
* S. Morris Kupchan, John R. Knox, John E. Kelsey, and J. A. Saenz Renauld: Calotropin, a Cytotoxic Principle Isolated from Asclepias curassavica L. Science 25 December 1964.

External links

* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=CALOT USDA classification for "Calotropis"]
* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPR "Calotropis procera"]
* [http://www.hear.org/pier/species/calotropis_gigantea.htm PIER - "Calotropis giantea"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calotropis — Oscher (Calotropis procera) Systematik Euasteriden I Ordnung: Enzianartige (Gentianales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calotropis — Calotropis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calotrŏpis — (C. R. Br.). Pflanzengattung der Familie der Asclepiadeae Calotropideae der 2. Ordn. 5. Kl. L. Arten: C. gigantea u. C. procera, in OIndien. Von ihnen kommt die Mudarwurzel, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Calotropis — R. Brown (Kielkrone), Gattung der Asklepiadazeen, hohe Stauden, Sträucher oder kleine Bäume, mit breiten, kurzgestielten oder gegenständigen sitzenden Blättern und ansehnlichen, außen grünlichen, innen purpurfarbenen Blüten in verzweigten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calotropis — Calotrŏpis R. Br., Pflanzengattg. der Asklepiadeen, Sträucher oder kleine Bäume des wärmern Asien und Afrikas. Die Wurzeln von C. gigantĕa und procĕra R. Br. (Madar oder Mudarpflanze) enthalten Mudarin und dienen als Brechmittel, die Bastfasern… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calotropis —   Calotropis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Calotropis — Calotropis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calotropis — ID 13118 Symbol Key CALOT Common Name calotropis Family Asclepiadaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, HI, PR, VI Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Calotropis R. Br. — Symbol CALOT Common Name calotropis Botanical Family Asclepiadaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • calotropis — ca·lot·ro·pis …   English syllables