Competition regulator


Competition regulator
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Competition law
Basic concepts
Anti-competitive practices
Enforcement authorities and organizations
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A competition regulator is a government agency, typically a statutory authority, sometimes called an economic regulator, which regulates and enforces competition laws, and may sometimes also enforce consumer protection laws. In addition to such agencies there is often another body responsible for formulating competition policy.

Many nations implement competition laws, and there is general agreement on acceptable standards of behavior. The degree to which countries enforce their competition policy varies substantially.

Competition regulators may also regulate certain aspects of mergers and acquisitions and business alliances and regulate or prohibit cartels and monopolies. Other government agencies may have responsibilities in relation to aspects of competition law which affect companies (e.g. the registrar of companies).

Regulators may form supranational or international alliances like the ECA (European Competition Authorities), the ICN (International Competition Network), and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).

List of trade blocs and multinational regulators

Flag Trade bloc Regulating Organization ECA ICN OECD Website Language
Communidad Andina (Andean Community of Nations) Symbol question.svg Symbol question.svg Symbol question.svg [1] Spanish
Europe European Economic Area: European Union European Commission – Directorate-General for Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [2] English
European Economic Area: Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein (EFTA members) EFTA Surveillance Authority Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [3] English

List of national regulators

Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Website Language
Albania Albania Competition Authority of Albania Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [4] English
Argentina Argentina Comision Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia Bullet-green.png [5] Spanish
Cyprus Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [6] English
Australia Australia Australian Competition and Consumer Commission and National Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [7] [8] English
Austria Austria Wettbewerbsbehörde im BMwA Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [9] English
Belgium Belgium Raad voor de Mededinging/Conseil de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png
Brazil Brazil Conselho Administrativo de Defesa Economica Bullet-green.png [10] Portuguese
Canada Canada Competition Bureau/Bureau de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [11], [12] English/French
Chile Chile Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia -National Economic Prosecutor's Office Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [13] Spanish
China China Ministry of Commerce [14] English
Colombia Colombia Superintendency of Industry and Commerce Bullet-green.png [15] Spanish
Cyprus Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [16] English
Czech Republic Czech Republic Office for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [17] English
Denmark Denmark Konkurrencestyrelsen Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [18] English
El Salvador El Salvador Superintendencia de Competencia Bullet-green.png [19] Spanish
Estonia Estonia konkurentsiamet Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [20] English
Finland Finland Finnish Competition Authority (Kilpailuvirasto) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [21] English
France France Autorité de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [22] English
Germany Germany Bundeskartellamt Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [23] English
Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Ext Link Language
Greece Greece Hellenic Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [24] English
Hungary Hungary Office of Economic Competition (Gazdasági Versenyhivatal) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [25] English
India India Competition Commission of India Bullet-green.png [26] English
Indonesia Indonesia Commission for Supervision of Business Competition, (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha), Bullet-green.png [27] English
Republic of Ireland Ireland The Competition Authority, (TCA), Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [28] English
Iceland Iceland Icelandic Competition Authority Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [29] English
Israel Israel Israel Anti-trust Authority Bullet-green.png [30] English
Italy Italy Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (AGCM) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [31] English
Japan Japan Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) Bullet-green.png [32] English
Jersey Jersey Jersey Competition Regulatory Authority, (JCRA), Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [33] English
Kenya Kenya Monopolies and Prices Commission of Kenya Bullet-green.png [34] English
Latvia Latvia Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [35] English
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Office of National Economy (Amt für Volkswirtschaft) Bullet-green.png [36] German
Lithuania Lithuania Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [37] English
Luxembourg Luxembourg Conseil de la concurrence - Inspection de la Concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [38] French
Malta Malta Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png
Mexico Mexico Mexico Federal Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [39] English
Netherlands The Netherlands Nederlandse Mededingingsautoriteit Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [40] English
New Zealand New Zealand Ministry of Commerce: Competition and Enterprise Branch

and New Zealand Commerce Commission

Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [41] English
Norway Norway Konkurransetilsynet Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [42] English
Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Ext Link Language
Pakistan Pakistan Competition Commission of Pakistan Bullet-green.png [43]
Peru Peru Free Competition Commission Bullet-green.png [44] Spanish
Poland Poland Office for Competition and Consumer Protection Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [45] English
Portugal Portugal Autoridade da Concorrência Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [46] English
Russia Russia Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia Bullet-green.png [47] English
Slovakia Slovakia Antimonopoly Office Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [48] English
Slovenia Slovenia Competition Protection Office of the Republic of Slovenia Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [49] English
South Africa South Africa Competition Commission of South Africa, South African Competition Tribunal Bullet-green.png [50] [51] English
South Korea South Korea Fair Trade Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [52] English
Spain Spain Tribunal de Defensa de la Competencia (TDC) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [53] Spanish
Sweden Sweden Konkurrensverket Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [54] English
Switzerland Switzerland The Competition Council en Switzerland Swiss Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [55] English
Republic of China Taiwan Fair Trade Commission (Republic of China) Bullet-green.png [56] English
Turkey Turkey Rekabet Kurumu Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [57] English
United Kingdom United Kingdom Office of Fair Trading and Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [58] [59] English
United States United States Federal Trade Commission and U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [60] [61] English
Venezuela Venezuela Pro-Competencia Bullet-green.png [62] Spanish

See also


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