- Alexander Campbell (Restoration movement)
Alexander Campbell (1788 – 1866) was an early leader in the
Second Great Awakeningof the religious movement that has been referred to as the Restoration, or Stone-Campbell Movement. The Campbell wing of the movement began with the publication in Washington County, Pennsylvania, of "The Declaration and Address of the Christian Association of Washington" in 1809, by his Father, Thomas Campbell. [McAllister & Tucker, (1975), page 111] In 1832 The group of reformers led by the Campbells merged with a similar group that had begun in Kentucky under the leadership of Barton W. Stone. A variety of American church groups trace their history to Campbell's writings, often referred to as the Independent Christian Church. Campbell was born September 12, 1788near Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland. [McAllister & Tucker, (1975), page 98] He was educated at the University of Glasgow, and was greatly influenced by Scottish Enlightenmentphilosophy, particularly that of John Locke. At age 21, Alexander traveled from Scotland with his mother and siblings, to join Thomas who had migrated to America in 1807. Alexander and the rest of the family arrived just prior to publication of "The Declaration and Address," in 1809. Alexander soon became a significant leader among the reformers.
He edited and published two journals: "The Christian Baptist" from 1823 through 1830 and then "The Millennial Harbinger" from 1830 until his death in 1866. In both, he advocated the reform of Christianity as practiced on the American Frontier.
He wrote several books, including "The Christian System". He also wrote hymns, including "Upon the Banks of Jordan Stood". [ [http://www.mun.ca/rels/restmov/texts/rrichardson/mac/MAC221.HTM] ] Campbell compiled and published a translation of the New Testament under the title "The Living Oracles". Published in 1826, it was based on a 17th century translation, with edits by Campbell. [http://www.acu.edu/sponsored/restoration_quarterly/archives/1990s/vol_37_no_1_contents/holloway.html] He served as a delegate to the
Virginiaconstitutional convention held in the 1830s which led that state toward a more powerful executive branchof government. In 1840, He founded Bethany College in Bethany, Virginia (now Bethany, West Virginia).
March 4, 1866.
*Challen, James (editor), "Biographical Sketch of Alexander Campbell", Ladies' Christian Annual, March, 1857 (Volume VI, No. 3), Philadelphia: James Challen, Publisher. Pages 81-90. [http://www.mun.ca/rels/restmov/texts/jchallen/lcab/CAMPBLA9.HTM Online Edition]
*Foster, Douglas, et al. "The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement". Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.
*McAllister, Lester and Tucker, William E. "Journey in Faith" St. Louis, Missouri: The Bethany Press, 1975.
*Richardson, Robert. "Memoirs of Alexander Campbell". Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1871.
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