Rumelia


Rumelia
Map of Rumelia as of 1801.

Rumelia (Turkish & Albanian: Rumeli; Greek: Ρωμυλία, Romylía, or Ρούμελη, Roúmeli; Bosnian & Serbian: Rumelija; Bulgarian: Румелия, Rumeliya; Macedonian: Румелија, Rumelija) was an historical region comprising the territories of the Ottoman Empire in Europe. Formerly known as Turkey in Europe or Roumelia in English, Rumelia comes from the Turkish Rumeli, meaning "land of the Romans" (i.e., the Byzantine Empire).[1] As such, it was originally used in Turkish to describe the lands of that empire in Anatolia; however, following the Islamization of that region and the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmet II, it was applied to the southern Balkan regions of the Ottoman Empire, which remained primarily Christian.

Rumelia included the provinces of Constantinople, Thessaloniki, Thrace, Macedonia and Moesia, today's Bulgaria and Turkish Thrace, bounded to the north by the Danube, west by Albania and south by the Morea.[citation needed] The name Rumelia was ultimately applied to a province composed of central Albania and north-western Macedonia, with Bitola for its chief town.

Owing to administrative changes effected between 1870 and 1875, the name ceased to correspond to any political division. Eastern Rumelia was constituted as an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Berlin, 1878, but on September 6, 1885, after a bloodless revolution, it was united with Bulgaria. The Kosovo Vilayet was created at 1877.

Today, in Turkey, the word Trakya has mostly replaced Rumelia when referring to the part of Turkey which is in Europe (provinces of Edirne, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ, the northern part of Çanakkale Province and the western part of İstanbul Province), though Rumelia remains in use in historical contexts, and the word is used in the context of the culture of current Turkish populations of the Balkans and descendants of Turkish immigrants from the Balkans. This region in Turkey is also referred to as Eastern Thrace or Turkish Thrace. In Greece, the term Ρούμελη (Rumeli) has been used since Ottoman times to refer to Central Greece, especially when juxtaposed with Morea. The word "Rumeli" is also used in some cases (mostly by Istanbul denizens) to refer exclusively to the part of Istanbul Province that is situated west of the Bosphorus.

See also

References


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  • Rumelia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rumelia, mapa de 1801 Rumelia variación turca de Romania, nombre* que los bizantinos solían dar a su imperio. Tras 1453 (año de la ocupación de Constantinopla por parte de los turcos) Rumelia pasó a ser la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rumelia — [ro͞o mē′lē ə, ro͞omēl′yə] former Turkish possessions in the Balkan Peninsula, including Macedonia, Thrace, & an autonomous province (Eastern Rumelia) that was annexed to Bulgaria in 1885 …   English World dictionary

  • Rumelia — /rooh mee lee euh, meel yeuh/, n. 1. a division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula: included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern, a former autonomous province within this division: later became S Bulgaria. Also, Roumelia …   Universalium

  • Rumelia — /ruˈmiliə/ (say rooh meeleeuh) noun 1. the European division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula; it included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern Rumelia, a former autonomous province within this division, which later… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Rumelia — geographical name a division of the old Ottoman Empire including Albania, Macedonia, & Thrace …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Rumelia — (Rumeli o Rum ili) ► Antigua región del Imperio otomano, al S de los Balcanes. En 1885 la parte oriental fue incorporada a Bulgaria. El resto, después de la primera guerra balcánica (1912 13), fue dividido entre Albania, Serbia y Grecia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rumelia — /rooh mee lee euh, meel yeuh/, n. 1. a division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula: included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern, a former autonomous province within this division: later became S Bulgaria. Also, Roumelia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eastern Rumelia — Infobox Former Subdivision native name = Източна Румелия conventional long name = Eastern Rumelia common name = Eastern Rumelia status = Autonomous province nation = the Ottoman Empire status text = Autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Postage stamps and postal history of Eastern Rumelia — Eastern Rumelia or Eastern Roumelia was an autonomous province (vilayet) in the Ottoman Empire from 1878 to 1908; however it was under Bulgarian control from 1885 (see Bulgarian unification). The province is remembered today by philatelists for… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Rumelia — geographical name region S Bulgaria including Rhodope Mountains & the Maritsa valley …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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