- International Physics Olympiad
The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is an annual
physicscompetition for high schoolstudents. It is one of the international science olympiads. The first IPhO was held in Warsaw, Polandin 1967.
Each national delegation is made up of five student competitors plus two leaders, selected on a national level. Observers may also accompany a national team. The students compete as individuals, and must sit for intensive theoretical and laboratory examinations. For their efforts the students can be awarded gold, silver, or bronze medals or an honourable mention.
The theoretical examination lasts 5 hours and consists of three questions. Usually these questions involve more than one part. The practical examination may consist of one laboratory examination of five hours, or two, which together take up the full five hours.
The 35th IPhO was held in
Pohang, South Koreafrom July 15th to 23rd, 2004; the 36th from July 3rd to 12th, 2005, in Salamanca, Spain; the 37th, was held in Singaporefrom July 8th to 17th, 2006; the 38th IPhO, from July 13th to 22nd, 2007was held in Isfahan, Iran.
Several months before the first IPhO took place, invitations were sent to all the Central European countries. The invitations were accepted by Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania (five countries including Poland, the organiser of the competition). Each team consisted of three secondary school students accompanied by one supervisor. The competition was arranged along the lines of the final stage of the Polish Physics Olympiad: one day for theoretical problems and one day for carrying out an experiment. One obvious difference was that the participants had to wait for the scripts to be marked. During the waiting period the organisers arranged two excursions by plane to Krak and to Gdansk. At the first IPhO the students had to solve four theoretical problems and one experimental problem.
The second Olympiad was organised by Prof.
Rezső Kunfalviin Budapest, Hungary, in 1968. Eight countries took part in that competition. The German Democratic Republic, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia joined the participating countries. Again, each country was represented by three secondary school students and one supervisor. Some time before the second IPhO a preliminary version of the Statutes and the Syllabus were produced. Later these documents were officially accepted by the International Board consisting of the supervisors of the teams that participated in the competition. This took place during a special meeting organised in Brno, Czechoslovakia, several months after the second IPhO.
The third IPhO was arranged by Prof. Rostislav Kostial in Brno, Czechoslovakia, in 1969. On that occasion each team consisted of five students and two supervisors. The competition in Brno was organised according to the official Statutes accepted earlier.
The next Olympiad took place in Moscow, Soviet Union, in 1970. Each country was represented by six students and two supervisors. During that Olympiad several small changes were introduced into the Statutes.
Since the fifth IPhO, held in Sofia, Bulgaria, in 1971, each team has consisted of five pupils and two supervisors. In 1978 and 1980, the IPhO was not organized. This was due to the accession of the Western countries. The first capitalist country to participate was the
Federal Republic of Germany. At first, the few Western countries participating declined to accept the principle that the IPhO be organized every second year in a Western and Eastern block country. Thus the Eastern block countries declined from organising the 1978 and 1980 olympiads. From 1982 onwards, the yearly competition was resumed as there were enough participating Western countries to share the load. At present, the venue of the olympiad is decided for years ahead. After accession into IPhO, every country must notify the others within three years about its willingness to host the IPhO. After this, the country is placed on a waiting list which as of 2006 stretches well into 2050s. The failure to organize the IPhO on turn will lead to temporary expulsion from the IPhO. This happened to Francein 2000.
Structure of the Competition
The competition lasts for two days. One day is devoted to theoretical problems (three problems involving at least four areas of physics taught in secondary schools, total number of marks is 30). Another day is devoted to experimental problems (one or two problems, total number of marks 20). These two days are separated by at least one day of rest. On both occasions the time allotted for solving the problems is five hours. Each team consists of students from general or technical secondary schools (not colleges or universities). Typically each team consists of five students (pupils) and two supervisors.
The minimal scores required for Olympic Medals and Honourable Mentions are chosen by the organizers according to the following rules [ [http://www.jyu.fi/tdk/kastdk/olympiads/statutes.html Statutes of the International Physics Olympiads] ] : A Gold Medal should be awarded to the top 6% of the participants. A Silver Medal or better should be awarded to the top 18%. A Bronze Medal or better should be awarded to the top 36%. An Honourable Mention or better should be awarded to the top 60%. All other participants receive certificates of participation. The participant with the highest score (Absolute Winner) receives a special prize, in addition to a Gold Medal.
List of venues
* 2009 Mérida,
* 2007 Isfahan,
Pohang, South Korea
Leicester, Great Britain
* 1999 Padova,
* 1997 Sudbury,
* 1993 Williamsburg,
* 1990 Groningen,
Bad Ischl, Austria
* 1986 London-Harrow,
Portorož, SFR Yugoslavia
Malente, West Germany
Moscow, Soviet Union
Hradec Kralove, Czechoslovakia
Guestrow, East Germany
Moscow, Soviet Union
* [http://www.jyu.fi/tdk/kastdk/olympiads/ Homepage of the International Physics Olympiad]
* [http://www.hi.is/pub/ipho/ Website of the 1998 IPhO]
* [http://www.pd.infn.it/Olifis/welcome.htm Website of the 1999 IPhO]
* [http://www.star.le.ac.uk/IPhO-2000/ Website of the 2000 IPhO]
* [http://www.fi.itb.ac.id/~ipho33/ Website of the 2002 IPhO]
* [http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ipho2003/ Website of the 2003 IPhO]
* [http://www.ipho2004.or.kr/home/eng/ Website of the 2004 IPhO]
* [http://helveticanet.com/ipho36/ Website of the 2005 IPhO]
* [http://www.ipho2006.org Website of the 2006 IPhO]
* [http://www.ipho2007.ir Website of the 2007 IPhO]
* [http://ipho2008.hnue.edu.vn Website of the 2008 IPhO]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
International Science Olympiad — This article is about a loosely related group of international competitions. For the centrally organized American competition, see Science Olympiad. The International Science Olympiads are a group of worldwide annual competitions in various areas … Wikipedia
Physics olympiad — is a competition in physics, usually among high school students, where the participants solve problems and/or perform and analyze experiments. In many countries, physics olympiads are held annually on a national level, forming a team of students… … Wikipedia
International Mathematical Olympiad Training Camp — The International Mathematical Olympiad Training Camp (IMOTC) is a one month long annual training camp held in India to select and train students for the International Mathematical Olympiad.electionEligibilitySince the IMOTC s primary goal is to… … Wikipedia
Indian National Physics Olympiad — The Indian National Physics Olympiad (INPhO for short) is an Olympiad in Physics held in India. It is part of the selection process for the International Physics Olympiad.The theory part of the INPhO examination is held in end January/beginning… … Wikipedia
International Academy — Infobox School name = International Academy streetaddress = 1020 E. Square Lake Road city = Bloomfield Hills state = Michigan county = Oakland County zipcode = 48304 1957 country = USA coordinates =… … Wikipedia
International Olympiad in Informatics Training Camp — The International Olympiad in Informatics Training Camp (IOITC for short) is a one fortnight long annual training camp held in India to select and train students to represent India at the International Olympiad in Informatics. IOITC is the third… … Wikipedia
International Junior Science Olympiad — The International Junior Science Olympiad (or just IJSO) is an international science competition for students not older than 15 years old. It was first held in 2004 and is held every year since then. Each country may send a team of up to 6… … Wikipedia
Indian Association of Physics Teachers — The Indian Association of Physics Teachers or IAPT is a body that coordinates the physics Olympmiad for India along with HBCSE. IAPT conducts the National Standard Examination in Physics in November of each year throughout the country, with… … Wikipedia
National Standard Examination in Physics — The National Standard Examination in Physics or NSEP is an examination in physics for higher secondary school students, usually conducted in the end of November. The examination is organized by the Indian Association of Physics Teachers. Over… … Wikipedia
American Association of Physics Teachers — The American Association of Physics Teachers was founded in 1930 for the purpose of dissemination of knowledge of physics, particularly by way of teaching. [ [http://www.aapt.org/aboutaapt/ About AAPT ] ] There are more than 10,000 members that… … Wikipedia