Coelho Neto

Coelho Neto
Coelho Neto
Born Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto
21 February 1864(1864-02-21)
Caxias, Maranhão, Brazil
Died 28 November 1934(1934-11-28) (aged 70)
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Occupation Playwright, short story writer, novelist, politician
Nationality Brazil Brazilian
Ethnicity Mestizo
Alma mater University of São Paulo
Spouse(s) Maria Gabriela Brandão
Children João Coelho Neto

Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto (February 21, 1864, Caxias, Maranhão Northeast Brazil — November 28, 1934) was a Brazilian writer and politician. He founded and occupied the second chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, from 1897 until his death in 1934.

He was also the president of the aforementioned Academy in 1926.


Coelho Neto was born in the city of Caxias, Maranhão on February 21, 1864. His father was Portuguese, but his mother was an indigenous woman, Ana Silvestre Coelho. At six years years of age, his parents moved to Rio de Janeiro. He began his education at the Externato of the Colegio Pedro II. He attempted medical school but soon gave up. In 1883 he enrolled at the University of São Paulo School of Law, living in the boarding house where also lived Raul Pompeia, who attended the Academy of São Paulo at that time. He soon found himself involved in a student movement against a professor. In anticipation of reprisals, he moved to the Law Faculty of Recife, where he completed the first year of law, having been a student of the jurist and poet Tobias Barreto. Returning to São Paulo, he devoted himself passionately to the abolitionist and Republican campaign, an attitude that led to new frictions with the University of São Paulo School of Law. In 1885 he finally abandoned his legal studies and moved to Rio de Janeiro.

He became part of a group of bohemians that included figures such as Olavo Bilac, Luís Murat, Guimarães Passos and Francisco de Paula Ney. The history of this generation appears later in his novels A Conquista and Fogo Fátuo, dedicated to his friend Francisco de Paula Ney, a brilliant orator and journalist known for his bohemian life style and his famous anecdotes. He joined the newspaper Gazeta da Tarde, later moving to the sheet Cidade do Rio, where he held the position of secretary. From this period date his first published volumes.

In 1890, he married Maria Gabriela Brandão, daughter of educator Alberto Olympio Brandão. They had 14 children. One of those was the famous soccer player João Coelho Neto (a.k.a. "Preguinho").

He was appointed to the post of secretary of the government of the state of Rio de Janeiro and the following year, director of State Affairs. In 1892 he was appointed professor of art history at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and, later, professor of literature at the Colégio Pedro II. Author of numerous books, articles, stories and serials, he was appointed professor of history of theater and dramatic literature at the Escola de Arte Dramática (Drama School) in 1910, and soon after director of the same institution.

He was elected congressman for Maranhão in 1909 and was reelected in 1917. He was also secretary-general of the League of National Defense and a member of the Advisory Board of the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro.

In addition to holding public office, Coelho Neto maintained and intensified his activities in magazines and newspapers of all sizes, in Rio and other cities. In addition to signing works with his own name, he wrote under numerous pseudonyms, including Anselmo Ribas, Caliban, Ariel, Amador Santelmo, Blanco Canabarro, Charles Rouget, Democ, N. Puck, Tartarin, Fur-Fur and Manés.

In 1923, he converted to Spiritualism, delivering a speech about his adoption of the spiritual doctrine in the Salão da Velha Guarda (Hall of the Old Guard) in Rio de Janeiro.

He was active in virtually all literary genres and was for many years the most widely read writer in Brazil. For the film, he wrote what should have been the first Brazilian serial movie, The Mysteries of Rio de Janeiro. However, only the first episode was ever completed.

He was probably the most widely read Brazilian writer in the first decades of the twentieth century. However, he and his work were attacked by the Modernists during the Modern Art Week (or Semana de Arte Moderna, in Portuguese) in 1922 and this probably contributed to his later neglect by publishers and the Brazilian public.


  • Romance Bárbaro (1914)
  • O Mistério (1920)
  • Fogo fátuo, romance, (1929)
  • Álbum de Caliban, contos, (1897)
  • Contos da vida e da morte, contos, (1927)
  • Mano, Livro da Saudade, romance, (1924)
  • A cidade maravilhosa, contos, (1928)
  • O polvo, romance (1924)
  • A descoberta da Índia, narrativa histórica, (1898)
  • O Fruto, contos, (1895)
  • O rei fantasma, romance, (1895)
  • O Rajá de Pendjab (1898)
  • Rapsódias, contos, (1891)
  • Sertão (1897)
  • A Bico de Penna
  • Água de Juventa, contos,
  • Romanceiro (1898)
  • Theatro, vol. I - Os Raios X (1897), O Relicário (1899), O Diabo no corpo(1899)
  • Theatro, vol. II - As Estações, Ao Luar, Ironia, A Mulher, Fim de Raça (1900)
  • Theatro, vol. IV - Quebranto (1908), comédia em 3 actos, e o sainete Nuvem
  • Theatro, vol. V - O dinheiro, Bonança (1909), e o Intruso
  • Fabulário
  • O Arara, (1905)
  • Jardim das Oliveiras, (1908)
  • Esfinge, romance, 1908
  • Inverno em Flor, romance, (1897)
  • Apólogos, contos para crianças
  • Miragem, romance, (1895)
  • Mysterios do Natal, contos para crianças
  • O Morto, Memórias de um Fuzilado, romance, (1898)
  • Rei Negro (1914)
  • Capital Federal, Impressões de um Sertanejo, romance, (1893)
  • A Conquista, romance, (1899)
  • Tormenta, romance, (1901)
  • Tréva
  • Banzo, contos, (1913)
  • Turbilhão (1904)
  • O meu dia
  • As Sete Dores de Nossa Senhora
  • Balladilhas, contos, (1894)
  • Pastoral
  • Vida Mundana, contos, (1919)
  • Patinho torto (1917)
  • Às quintas
  • Scenas e perfis
  • Feira livre
  • Immortalidade, lenda, romance, (1926)
  • O Paraíso (1898)
  • Bazar
  • Fogo Fátuo (1930)
  • fogo de vista (1923)
  • Theatro lyrico
  • os pombos
  • Teatrinho (1905), collection of dramatic texts for children, in collaboration with Olavo Bilac
  • Teatro infantil, date unknown, new collection with the same theme


  • COUTINHO, Afrânio; SOUSA, J. Galante de. Enciclopédia de literatura brasileira. São Paulo: Global.
  • Biography at Biografias (In Portuguese)
Preceded by
Álvares de Azevedo (patron)
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 2nd chair

1897 — 1934
Succeeded by
João Neves da Fontoura
Preceded by
Afrânio Peixoto
President of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
Succeeded by
Rodrigo Otávio

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Coelho Neto — Mapa Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Coelho Neto — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto (1864–1934), brasilianischer Schriftsteller Marcos Coelho Neto (1763–1823), brasilianischer Komponist Siehe auch: Coelho …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Coelho Neto —   [ ku̯eʎu nɛtu], Henrique Maximiano da Fonseca [ fõ seka], brasilianischer Schriftsteller, * Caxias (Maranhão) 21. 2. 1864, ✝ Rio de Janeiro 28. 11. 1934; schilderte in Romanen und Erzählungen mit romantisch symbolistischen Zügen den Lebenskampf …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Coelho Neto — Original name in latin Coelho Neto Name in other language Curralinho, Curralzinho State code BR Continent/City America/Fortaleza longitude 4.25667 latitude 43.01278 altitude 54 Population 36184 Date 2012 08 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Coelho Neto — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Coelho Neto Country and Admin Code BR.13.2103406 BR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Coelho Neto, Maranhão —   Municipality and town   Country  Brazil Region …   Wikipedia

  • Coelho Neto (Rio de Janeiro) — Coelho Neto is a neighbourhood in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro. v · d …   Wikipedia

  • Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto — Henrique M. Coelho Neto Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto auch Henrique Maximiniano Coelho Neto (* 21. Februar 1864 in Caxias, Maranhao, Brasilien; † 28. November 1934 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Schriftsteller. Sein wichtigstes Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Microregion de Coelho Neto — Microrégion de Coelho Neto La microrégion de Coelho Neto est l une des six microrégions qui subdivisent l est de l État du Maranhão au Brésil. Elle comporte 4 municipalités qui regroupaient 77 962 habitants en 2006 pour une superficie totale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Microrégion De Coelho Neto — La microrégion de Coelho Neto est l une des six microrégions qui subdivisent l est de l État du Maranhão au Brésil. Elle comporte 4 municipalités qui regroupaient 77 962 habitants en 2006 pour une superficie totale de 3 607 km².… …   Wikipédia en Français

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