Adyghe Autonomous Oblast


Adyghe Autonomous Oblast

Adyghe Autonomous Oblast ( _ru. Адыгейская автономная область) was an autonomous oblast within Krasnodar Krai, Soviet Union. It existed from 1922 to 1991.

Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast was established within the Russian SFSR on July 27, 1922 on the territories of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast primarily settled by the Adyghe people. At that time, Krasnodar was the administrative center. It was renamed Adyghe (Cherkess) Autonomous Oblast on August 24, 1922, soon after its creation. On October 24, 1924, it became part of new North Caucasus Krai. It was renamed Adyghe Autonomous Oblast in July 1928. On January 10, 1934, the autonomous oblast became part of new Azov-Black Sea Krai, which was spun off North Caucasus Krai. Maykop was designated the administrative center of the autonomous oblast in 1936. Adyghe AO became part of Krasnodar Krai when it was established on September 13, 1937.

On July 3, 1991, the autonomous oblast was elevated to the status of a republic under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and renamed Republic of Adygea.


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