Critias


Critias

Critias (Greek Κριτίας Kritias, 460 BC – 403 BC), born in Athens, son of Callaeschrus, was an uncle of Plato, and a leading member of the Thirty Tyrants, and one of the most violent. He was an associate of Socrates, a fact that did not endear Socrates to the Athenian public. He was noted in his day for his tragedies, elegies and prose works. Some, like Sextus Empiricus, believe that Critias wrote the Sisyphus fragment; others, however, attribute it to Euripides.

Contents

Life

After the fall of Athens to the Spartans, Critias, as one of the Thirty Tyrants, blacklisted many of its citizens. Most of his prisoners were executed and their wealth was confiscated. Critias was killed in a battle near Piraeus, the port of Athens, between a band of pro-democracy Athenian exiles led by Thrasybulus and members and supporters of the Thirty, aided by the Spartan garrison. In the battle, the exiles put the oligarchic forces to flight, ending the rule of the Thirty.[1]

Critias asserted that "religion was a deliberate imposture devised by some cunning man for political ends."[2]

Plato's description

Critias appears as a character in Plato's dialogues Charmides and Protagoras, and according to Diogenes Laërtius, he was Plato's great-uncle (Diogenes Laërtius, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, III:1). The Critias character in Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias is often identified as the son of Callaeschrus – but not by Plato; and given the old age of the Critias in these two dialogues, he may be the grandfather of the son of Callaeschrus.

References

  • Davies, J. K. (1971). Athenian propertied families 600-300 BC. London: Oxford University Press. 
  • Rosenmeyer, Thomas G. (1949). "The family of Critias". American Journal of Philology (The Johns Hopkins University Press) 70 (4): 404–410. doi:10.2307/291107. JSTOR 291107. 

Citations

  1. ^ Buck, Thrasybulus and the Athenian Democracy, 71–79. See also Xenophon, Hellenica 2.4
  2. ^ Polybius: "The Rise Of The Roman Empire", Page 25, Penguin, 1979.

External links


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  • Critias — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Critias (desambiguación). Critias (griego antiguo Κριτίας) (460 403 a. C.) fue un sofista griego nacido en Atenas. Hijo de Calescro, fue tío carnal de Platón. Aunque… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Critias — (460 403 adC) fue un sofista griego, tío carnal de Platón. Formó parte del gobierno de los Treinta Tiranos impuesto por los espartanos tras su victoria sobre Atenas, hasta que fue depuesto por sus arbitrariedades. Defendió que la religión no es… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Critias — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Critias (homonymie). Critias (en grec ancien Κριτίας / Kritías) est un homme politique, un philosophe, un orateur et poète athénien, né sans doute entre 450 et 460, mort en 403 av. J. C. Oncle de Platon, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CRITIAS — I. CRITIAS Philosophus, dixit animam esse sanguinem. II. CRITIAS unus e 30. Tyrannis Atheniensibus, a Lacedaemoniis impositis. Cicer. l. 2. de Orat. Scripsit elegiam ad Alcibiadem, a Platone in Dialogis suis introducitur, eiusque egregium… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Critias — Kritias ist der Name mehrerer Personen der griechischen Antike, die alle derselben Familie entstammen: Kritias (Athener Archon 599/98 v. Chr.) Kritias (Sohn des Dropides) Kritias (Sohn des Leaides) Kritias (460–403), Sohn des Kallaischros, Enkel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CRITIAS —    a pupil of Socrates, who profited so little by his master s teaching that he became the most conspicuous for his cruelty and rapacity of all the thirty tyrants set up in Athens by the Spartans (450 402 B.C.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Critias (diálogo) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Critias (dialogue de Platon) — Critias (Platon) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Critias (homonymie). Dialogues de Pl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Critias (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Critias puede referirse a: Critias, político y sofista griego del siglo V a. C. Critias (diálogo), uno de los últimos diálogos de Platón. No deben confundirse con Critios (también escrito Kritios), un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Critias (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Critias est un homme politique, philosophe, orateur et poète athénien du Ve siècle av. J. C. ; Critias est aussi le titre d un dialogue de …   Wikipédia en Français


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