United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space


United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was established in 1958 (shortly after the launch of Sputnik) as an ad hoc committee. In 1959 it was formally established by United Nations resolution [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/SpaceLaw/gares/html/gares_14_1472.html 1472 (XIV)] .

The mission of COPUOS is "to review the scope of international cooperation in peaceful uses of outer space, to devise programmes in this field to be undertaken under United Nations auspices, to encourage continued research and the dissemination of information on outer space matters, and to study legal problems arising from the exploration of outer space."

The Committee has two subcommittees, the [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/COPUOS/stsc/index.html Scientific and Technical Subcommittee] and the [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/COPUOS/Legal/index.html Legal Subcommittee] .

COPUOS oversees the implementation of five treaties and agreements:
* "Outer Space Treaty" - The Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
* "Rescue Agreement" - The Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space
* "Liability Convention" - The Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
* "Registration Convention" - The Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
* "Moon Treaty" - The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

Member nations

COPUOS has sixty seven member nations and is one of the largest committees in the United Nations.

Since the last additions in 2004, [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/COPUOS/members.html member nations] include: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Hungary, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Vietnam.

External links

* [http://www.iafastro-iisl.com International Institute of Space Law]
* [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/COPUOS/copuos.html Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space] on the website of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, which serves as the secretariat for the COPUOS
* [http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=17179 Press Release: Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space Concludes 48th Session in Vienna] , from June 20, 2005
* [http://www.unoosa.org/pdf/sap/ihy/copuos-oosa.pdf Slideshow about COPUOS] and other organizations on the website of the [http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/SAP/bss/ihy2007/index.html United Nations Basic Space Science Initiative (UNBSSI)]


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