Gridiron (cooking)


Gridiron (cooking)

A gridiron is a metal grate with parallel bars typically used for grilling meat or fish. It may also be two such grids, hinged to fold together, to securely hold fish while grilling over an open flame.

Development

There were numerous iron gridirons manufactured and patented in the U.S. in the 1800s. Originally called spiders, these iron legged devices were used in a fireplace placed over the fire to cook food. Over time, gridirons have been developed specifically to accommodate the type of food being prepared and the cooking method being used. A combination hinged gridiron and spider was developed and patented in 1836 by Amasa and George Sizer of Meriden, CT, U.S. Patent #78 [. [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fe/COMBINED_GRIDIRON_AND_SPIDER.pdf] ] . A hinged steel wire gridiron was developed and patented as early as 1889 in New Haven, Connecticut, by William C. Perkins, of the New Haven Wire Goods Co., who received a U.S. Patent #408,136 for a hinged gridiron that would hold the meat in place while broiling. A commercial hinged broiler or gridiron was designed for use in the Bridge & Beach, Co., 1898 vertical cast iron stove. This hinged broiler was manufactured by Luigi Pieragostini, also of the New Haven Wire Goods Co., and patented in 1939; U.S. Patent #2,148,879 [ [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/11/PIERAGOSTINI_BROILER_PAT-2148879_1939.pdf] ] . Today, hinged gridirons are used extensively to deep fry or broil fast food in restaurants throughout the world.

References

*cite book | author=Elliott, Richard Smith | title=Notes Taken In Sixty Years | publisher=R. P. Studley & Co. | year=1883
*cite book | author=Riccio, Anthony V. | title=The Italian Experience In New Haven : Images And Oral Histories | publisher=SUNY Press | year=2006 | id=ISBN 0-791-46773-2
*cite book | author=Romaine, Lawrence B. | title=A Guide To American Trade Catalogs 1744-1900 | publisher=Courier Dover Publications | year=1990 | id=ISBN 0-486-26475-0


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gridiron — may refer to: * Gridiron (cooking), type of grill that can be used to cook meat or other food over a fire; most of the other usages derive from this term due to their fancied resemblance * Gridiron plan, in urban planning, a system that describes …   Wikipedia

  • gridiron — (n.) cooking utensil, early 14c., griderne, alteration (by association with iron) of gridire (late 13c.), a variant of gridil (see GRIDDLE (Cf. griddle)). Confusion of l and r was common in Norman dialect. Also a medieval instrument of torture by …   Etymology dictionary

  • gridiron — grid, griddle, gridiron It would be natural to assume that grid was the original word, griddle (‘a circular iron plate that is heated by a fire or by other means for baking, toasting, etc.’) a diminutive of it, and gridiron (‘a cooking utensil of …   Modern English usage

  • gridiron — UK [ˈɡrɪdˌaɪə(r)n] / US [ˈɡrɪdˌaɪrn] noun Word forms gridiron : singular gridiron plural gridirons 1) [countable] a frame of parallel metal bars used for cooking over a fire 2) a) [countable] American a field on which American football is played… …   English dictionary

  • cooking utensil — noun a kitchen utensil made of material that does not melt easily; used for cooking (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑cookware • Hypernyms: ↑kitchen utensil • Hyponyms: ↑baster, ↑chafing dish, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • gridiron — grid|i|ron [ˈgrıdaıən US ərn] n [Date: 1200 1300; Origin: griddle + iron] 1.) an open frame of metal bars for cooking meat or fish over a very hot fire 2.) AmE a field marked in white lines for American football …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gridiron — grid|i|ron [ grıd,aırn ] noun 1. ) count AMERICAN a field on which football is played a ) uncount AMERICAN INFORMAL football 2. ) count a frame of parallel metal bars used for cooking over a fire …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • gridiron — noun (C) 1 an open frame of metal bars for cooking meat or fish over a very hot fire 2 AmE a field marked in white lines for American football …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • gridiron — n. 1 a cooking utensil of metal bars for broiling or grilling. 2 a frame of parallel beams for supporting a ship in dock. 3 US a football field (with parallel lines marking out the area of play). 4 Theatr. a plank structure over a stage… …   Useful english dictionary

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