- Robert Wade (chess player)
Infobox chess player
playername = Robert Wade
|birthname = Robert Graham Wade
country =NZ GBR
datebirth =birth date and age|1921|4|10
Dunedin, New Zealand
rating = 2155 (January 2008}
Robert Graham Wade OBE (born
April 10 1921 Dunedin, New Zealand), is a British chessplayer, writer, arbiter, coach, and promoter. He was New Zealand champion three times, British champion twice, and played in seven Chess Olympiads and one Interzonaltournament. Wade holds the titles of International Masterand International Arbiter.
Early Career in New Zealand
Wade grew up on a farm in Dunedin, New Zealand, far from the world's chess centres, and lacked strong competition early in his career. He developed his chess skills from materials in his local library, such as the
British Chess Magazineand works by Australian champion Cecil Purdy.
After winning the
New Zealand Chess Championshipin 1944, 1945 and 1948, he travelled to Europeto further his chess career. International chess was starting up again after a six-year hiatus caused by World War II. For most Masters, it was a matter of dusting off their skills, but Wade had little if any high-class experience to draw upon, so he struggled at first with the new standard. Wade was attempting to become the first international-class player from New Zealand. He played in the British Chess Championshipat Nottingham1946, the first post-war championship, placing tied 10-12th with just 3.5/11. His first continental European event was Barcelona1946, won by Miguel Najdorf; Wade was a tailender with just 3/13 for a tied 12-13th place. [ [http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/Tables%2017.htm 1946 ] ] Wade played in the Australian Chess Championshipat Adelaide1946-47, placing tied 2nd-4th with 10.5/15, with Lajos Steinerwinning. Wade travelled as far as Canadato compete in the 1947 Canadian Chess Championshipat Quebec City, scoring 7/13 to tie 7-8th places, with Daniel Yanofskywinning. [ [http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/Tables%2018.htm 1947 ] ]
Better things lay ahead on his next European foray. He scored 5.5/9 at
Baarn1948 for a tied 2nd-3rd place, with Harry Golombekwinning. Wade made 3.5/9 at Hastings1948-49 for 8th place, with Nicolas Rossolimowinning. [ [http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/Tables%2019.htm 1948 ] ] He represented New Zealand and Australia at the FIDECongress at Paris1949, which marked the 25th anniversary of the founding of FIDE in Paris in 1924.
Wade played many strong events in 1949, raising his standard significantly with competition against top-class Grandmasters. At Beverwijk 1949, he scored 4.5/9 for a tied 6-7th place, with
Savielly Tartakowerwinning. Wade placed 2nd at Arbon1949 with 6/7, trailing only Ludek Pachman. He struggled at Trencianske Teplice1949, placing last with 4.5/19, as Gideon Stahlbergwon. At Heidelburg1949, Wade scored 4/9 for a tied 6-8th place, as Wolfgang Unzickerwon. Then at Oldenburg1949, Wade made 8.5/18 for 10th place, with Efim Bogolyubovand Elmars Zemgalis on top. [ [http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/Tables%2020.htm 1949 ] ] At Southsea1950, Wade scored 6/10 for a shared 7-13th place, as Arthur Bisguierwon. The constant practice led to his best result to date, an excellent shared 5-7th place in a powerful field at Venice1950 with 8.5/15, with Alexander Kotovthe champion. This earned Wade the International Mastertitle later that year. [ [http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/Tables%2021.htm 1950 ] ] Wade drew a 1950 match at Bambergby 5-5 with Lothar Schmid, and settled in England.
Wade was British Champion in 1952 (at
Chester, with 8/11), and 1970 (at Coventry, with 8/11. [Robert Wade player file http://www.chessmetrics.com] His other high finishes in the British Championship were 3rd at Hastings1953 on 7.5/11 (with Daniel Yanofskywinning), 2nd at Rhyl1969 on 7.5/11 (with Jonathan Penrosewinning), and tied 3rd-6th at Blackpool1971 on 7/11 (with Raymond Keenewinning). [Robert Wade player file http://db.chessmetrics.com/CM2/PlayerProfile.asp?Params=199510SSSSS3S140097000000131000000000033010100,]
Wade qualified for the
Saltsjobaden Interzonal1952, scored 6/20, and did not advance to the Candidateslevel. Wade defeated many-time Scottish champion William Fairhurst in a match at Glasgow1953 by 5.5-2.5. [Robert Wade player file http://db.chessmetrics.com/CM2/PlayerProfile.asp?Params=199510SSSSS3S140097000000111000000000033010100]
Wade went on to represent his adopted country in six
Chess Olympiads, and his country of birth on one occasion. In 92 games, his totals at this level are: (+30 =36 -26), for 52.2 per cent. His detailed results in Olympiads, from olimpbase.org, follow.
Amsterdam1954, England board 4, 6/12 (+4 =4 -4);
Moscow1956, England board 3, 6.5/14 (+2 =9 -3);
Munich1958, England 1st reserve, 7/14 (+5 =4 -5);
Leipzig1960, England 2nd reserve, 6/11 (+4 =4 -3);
Varna1962, England 2nd reserve, 6/12 (+4 =4 -4);
Siegen1970, New Zealand board 2, 9/15 (+7 =4 -4);
Skopje1972, England board 3, 7.5/14 (+4 =7 -3).
Wade won several middle-strength Master events in the British Isles:
Ilford1957 and 1968, Paignton1959, Dublin1962, and Southend-on-Sea1965.
Wade was generally no more than a middle-ranking player in strong international tournaments. His other highlights against high-standard international-level competition include:
* tied 4-5th at
Haifa/ Tel Aviv1958 on 7.5/13 (winner Samuel Reshevsky);
* 3rd at
Bognor Regis1959 on 7/10 (winner Erno Gereben);
* 5th at
Reykjavik1964 on 7.5/13 (winner Mikhail Tal);
* tied 4-5th at
Malaga1966 on 7/11; (winners Alberic O'Kelly de Galwayand Eleazar Jimenez Zerquera;
* 6th at
Briseck1971 on 7/13 (winner Gideon Barcza);
* 5th at
Cienfuegos'B' 1975 on 10/17; (winners Julio Boudyand Amador Rodriguez);
* tied 7-12th in the World Senior Championship,
Bad Woerishofen1992, on 7.5/11 (winner Efim Geller).
Wade is the only British player to have faced
Bobby Fischerin tournament play (outside of Olympiads). They met three times, with Wade drawing one game and losing the other two.
Wade earned the title of
International Arbiterin 1958, and made much of his living from directing events. He defeated tournament winner Viktor Korchnoiat Buenos Aires1960, and continued to play on the international circuit. Wade served as chess editor with the respected Batsfordpublishers in the 1960s and 1970s, eventually retiring to make way for Raymond Keene. He managed the Batsford Chess Library after this. Well respected as a chess coach and author, Wade helped Bobby Fischerprepare for his 1972 World Championship match with Boris Spasskyby collating a special file of Spassky's games. He was awarded an OBE for services to chess in 1979. He was made an 'Honorary Member' of FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
Still an active player in his 80s, Bob Wade is still able to play at a high level, as evidenced by his 2006 draw against Grandmaster
Murray Chandlerin the Queenstown Chess International, where he scored 6/10 with only one loss. Wade has played in the European Senior Teams chess championship for the last 6 years, with excellent results considering his age and grade.
Wade built up an enormous chess library at his house in South London, which included books, magazines and many original bulletins from tournaments: these latter were the primary sources for many types of chess literature. The growth of this library was supported by B.T. Batsford. Eventually the library was gifted to the nation, though its eventual destination is not certain at present. In the days before computer databases the Wade library was often used by British and foreign players in preparation for matches. [cite book|title=How to Improve Your Chess Opening Repertoire|author=Giddens, Steve|publisher=Gambit|year=2003]
title=The Games of Robert J. Fischer
*fide|id=401129|name=Robert G. Wade
NAME=Wade, Robert Graham
SHORT DESCRIPTION= former New
DATE OF BIRTH=
April 10, 1921
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Dunedin, New Zealand
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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