- Cleopatra VI of Egypt
There were at least two, perhaps three Ptolemaic women called Cleopatra Tryphaena:
Tryphaena, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III
Tryphaena was a sister of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Ptolemy X Alexander I, Cleopatra IV and Cleopatra Selene I. If this Tryphaena also bore the name Cleopatra, has not been attested. This Tryphaena may have been born in early 140 or 141 BC. She married Antiochus VIII Grypus, king of Syria, in 124 BC, and bore him five sons: Seleucus VI Epiphanes, the twin Antiochus XI Epiphanes and Philip I Philadelphus, Demetrius III Eucaerus, and Antiochus XII Dionysus. The couple also had a daughter called Laodice. Tryphaena was killed in Antioch (Greek: Αντιόχεια), capital of Syria, by Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, as a revenge for his own wife's (Cleopatra IV) death by the orders of her sister Tryphaena (in 111 BC).
Cleopatra V Tryphaena, wife of Ptolemy XII Auletes.
Cleopatra V Tryphaena was a Queen of Egypt until her mysterious disappearance from the records in 69 BC. If, as some scholars believe, her disappearance is attributable to her death, then it must be assumed that she had a daughter also called Cleopatra Tryphaena.
Cleopatra Tryphaena, daughter of Cleopatra V and Ptolemy XII Auletes
She is called Cleopatra VI Tryphaena by some modern historians and she would have been an older sister of the famous Cleopatra VII. If so, her birth year would correctly be c. 75 BC. Some sources say she died as a child. Others say that when Ptolemy XII fled to Rome to avoid an uprising in Alexandria against him (in 58 BC), she and her sister Berenice IV took control of Ptolemaic Egypt. Strabo, however, states that Ptolemy had three daughters, of whom only the eldest (Berenice) was legitimate. This suggests that the Cleopatra Tryphaena referred to by Porphyry may have been Ptolemy's wife, not his daughter. Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V of Egypt, Ptolemy's wife.
- ^ a b c Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
- ^ Brian Kritt (April 2002), "Numismatic Evidence for a New Seleucid King: Seleucus (VII) Philometor", The Celator 16 (4), http://www.sfagn.info/information/kritt.html.
- ^ Justin, Epitoma historiarum Philippicarum Pompei Trogi, pp. 39.2.3, 39.3.4–12 , our only source for these events.
- ^ a b Tyldesley, Joyce (2006), Thames & Hudson, p. 200, ISBN 0-500-05145-3 .
- ^ "Cleopatra Study Guide". About.com. http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/cleopatra/a/CleopatraGuide.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
- ^ Porphyry, cited by Felix Jacoby, Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, no. 260 F 2, 14
- ^ Eusebius of Caesarea, Chronicle, Schoene, p. 167, http://www.attalus.org/translate/eusebius1.html#167 .
- ^ Strabo, Geographica, University of Chicago, p. 17.1.11, http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/17A2*.html#1.11 .
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