Pechenga ( _ru. Пече́нга; Finnish and _sv. Petsamo; _no. Petsjenga; _se. Beahcán; _sm. Peäccam) is an
urban-type settlementin Pechengsky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia. As of 2002 Census, its population was 2,959 people, composing 6.4% of Pechengsky District's population total. The population increased from 2,671 recorded in the 1989 Census.
The Pechenga area was indigenously inhabited by Samis. In 1533 it became part of Russia (
Archangelsk kraiand guberniya), in 1920 part of Finland and part of the Soviet Unionfrom 1944.
The settlement was founded as the
Pechenga Monasteryin 1533 at the influx of the Pechenga Riverinto the Barents Sea, 135 km west of modern Murmansk, by St. Tryphon, a monk from Novgorod.
Inspired by the model of the
Solovki, Tryphon wished to convert the local Sami population to Christianity and to demonstrate how faith could flourish in the most inhospitable lands. His example was eagerly followed by other Russian monks. By 1572, the Pechenga Monastery counted about 50 brethren and 200 lay followers. Six years after St. Tryphon's death in 1583, the wooden monastery was raided and burnt down by the Swedes. It is said that the raid claimed the lives of 51 monks and 65 lay brothers, bringing the history of Tryphon's establishment to an end.
* [http://www.siida.fi/saamjiellem/english/historia.html Skolt Sámi History]
* [http://www.petsamo.ru Website of Pechengsky District]
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Pechenga — Original name in latin Pechenga Name in other language Pechenga, Petsamo, Petschenga, Petsjenga, Pieczenga, Печенга State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 69.52587 latitude 31.17027 altitude 1 Population 2791 Date 2010 10 15 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Pechenga — /peuh cheng geuh/; Russ. /pyi chyen geuh/, n. a village in the NW Russian Federation, on the Arctic Ocean W of Murmansk: ice free all year; ceded by Finland 1944. Finnish, Petsamo. * * * ▪ Russia formerly (1919–44) Petsamo town, Murmansk… … Universalium
Pechenga — Sp Pèčenga Ap Печенга/Pechenga L u. RF Murmansko, u. Vologdos sr … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Pechenga — or Finn Petsamo geographical name town & port NW Russia in Europe on inlet of Barents Sea in district that belonged to Finland 1920 44 population 3500 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Pechenga — /peuh cheng geuh/; Russ. /pyi chyen geuh/, n. a village in the NW Russian Federation, on the Arctic Ocean W of Murmansk: ice free all year; ceded by Finland 1944. Finnish, Petsamo … Useful english dictionary
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Pechenga Bay — (Russian: Печенгская губа; also Petsamo Fjord and Pechenga Fjord ) is a fjord like bay of the Barents Sea on the Kola Peninsula in the Murmansk Oblast, Russia, about 25 km east from the border with Norway. It has rocky shores and stretches inland … Wikipedia
Pechenga Municipality — ( ru. Муниципальное образование Печенга) is an administrative subdivision of the Pechengsky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia.It includes the following settlements.*Pechenga settlement, the administrative center *Vayda Guba settlement (Вайда… … Wikipedia
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