Pixilation


Pixilation

Pixilation (from "pixilated") is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. The actor becomes a kind of living stop motion puppet. This technique is often used as a way to blend live actors with animated ones in a film, such as in "The Secret Adventures of Tom Thumb" by the Bolex Brothers, which used the technique to compelling and eerie effect.

The first work known to use the pixilation technique was Emile Courtet's 1911 film "Jobard ne peut pas voir les femmes travailler" ("Jobard cannot see the women working").

hort Films

* Bolex Brothers' "The Secret Adventures Of Tom Thumb"
* Norman McLaren's "Neighbours" and "A Chairy Tale"
* Chuck Menville and Len Janson's extraordinary trilogy of pixilated short films ("Vicious Cycles" - 1967, "Blaze Glory" - 1968, and "Sergeant Swell of the Mounties" - 1972)
* Mike Jittlov's tour-de-force short "The Wizard of Speed and Time". Jittlov made a feature film with many pixiliation sequences, also titled "The Wizard of Speed and Time", based on the making of the original short.

Music videos

"Road to Nowhere" by Talking Heads
"The Hardest Button to Button" by The White Stripes
"Sledgehammer" by Peter Gabriel
"Point of No Return" by Nu Shooz
"Heard 'Em Say" by Kanye West
"Hello Again" by The Cars
"Shopping Trolley" by Beth Orton
"The Box" by Orbital
"The End of the World" by The Cure "Paralyzed" by The Used "Vermillion" by Slipknot "Time Won't Let Me Go" by The Bravery "There There" by Radiohead

Michel Gondry uses pixilation in many of his videos.

The pixilation technique was also used for the opening of "Claymation", Will Vinton's 1978, 17-minute documentary about his animation studio's production techniques, the first time the famous trademarked "Claymation" term was used, now a term synonymous with all clay animation.

The Czech animator Jan Švankmajer also uses pixilation in most of his work; most notably "Food". Jan Kounen's "Gisele Kerozene" (1989), a short film that shows witches riding around a city on broomsticks, is another influential example of this technique. A recent example of the technique is the Stephen Malkmus' video clip "Baby C'mon" [http://www.the-rivalry.com/lana/video/malkmus2.htm] .

Pixilation is also used in Andrew Huang's short video, "Fluxis".

An effect similar to Pixilation can be achieved by dropping occasional frames from a conventionally-recorded film. While obviously easier than the stop-frame technique, this doesn't achieve the same quality.

External links

* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbMnOrq50iA "Spin"] Award-winning Pixilation Short Film by Dustball and André Nguyen (4:13)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXALzTinIHE "Fuerte"] Malacate's Pixilation Music Video by Sebastián Baptista (3:13)
* [http://www.paranoiaparadise.com "Paranoiaparadise"] Some pixilation cut to house music (0:36)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nd0nQE_nw20 "Leap Of Faith"] Voice of Apollo's Pixilation Music Video by the band. (5:41)


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  • Pixilation — ist eine Technik des Trickfilms und bezeichnet das Filmen von Personen mit Einzelbildschaltung. Der Begriff wurde wahrscheinlich von Norman McLaren geprägt, der diese Technik in seinem Oscar Prämierten Film Neighbours (1952) einsetzte. Das Wort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pixilation — La pixilation (de l anglais pixilated) est une technique d animation en volume, où des acteurs réels ou des objets sont filmés image par image. Le premier film qui utilise la technique de pixilation est Jobard ne peut pas voir les femmes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pixilation — noun see pixilated …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pixilation — /pik seuh lay sheuhn/, n. 1. the state or quality of being pixilated. 2. Motion Pictures. animation of people, where performers change their positions slightly between exposures of one or two frames each, to obtain a comic effect of jerky… …   Universalium

  • pixilation — pix·i·la·tion …   English syllables

  • pixilation — /pɪksəˈleɪʃən/ (say piksuh layshuhn) noun an animation technique in which the animator photographs real objects and people frame by frame to achieve unusual effects of motion …   Australian English dictionary

  • pixilation — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pixillation — Pixilation La pixilation (de l anglais pixilated) est une technique d animation en volume, où des acteurs réels ou des objets sont filmés image par image. Le premier film qui utilise la technique de pixilation est Jobard ne peut pas voir les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chuck Menville — Charles David Chuck Menville (April 17, 1940 – June 15, 1992) was an American animator and writer for television. His credits included Batman: The Animated Series, Land of the Lost, The Real Ghostbusters, The Smurfs, Star Trek: The Animated… …   Wikipedia

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