Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Kadur | type = city | latd = 13.55 | longd = 76.01
locator_position = right | state_name = Karnataka
district = Chikmagalur
altitude = 763
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 30,802| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
Kadur is a
talukin Chickmagalurdistrict, in the Indian state of Karnataka. It was formerly, a district in the Mysore state, with an area of 2813sq. m. Pop. (1901), 362,752, showing an increase of 9% in the decade.
Kadur is located at coord|13.55|N|76.01|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/19/Kadur.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kadur] ] . It has an average elevation of 763
metres (2503 feet).
The larger portion of the taluk consists of the Malnad or hill country, which contains some of the wildest mountain scenery in southern India. The western frontier is formed by the chain of the Ghats, of which the highest peaks are the Kudremukh (6215 ft.) and the Meruti Gudda (5451 ft.). The centre is occupied by the horse-shoe range of the
Baba Budangirihill range, containing the loftiest mountain in Mysore, Mulaiigiri (6317 ft.). The Maidan or plain country lying beneath the amphitheatre formed by the Baba Budan hills is a most fertile region, well watered, and with the famous black cotton soil. The principal rivers are the Tunga and Bhadra, which rise near each other in the Ghats, and unite to form ,the Tungabhadra, a tributary of the Krishna. The eastern region is watered by the Vedavati. At the point where this river leaves the Baba Budan hills it is embanked to form two extensive tanks which irrigate the lower valley. From all the rivers water is drawn off into irrigation channels by means of anicuts or weirs.
The largest town is Tarikere (pop. 10,164); the headquarters are at
Kadur is reachable by Road and Train from state capital. Bus journey takes (on NH206) just 4-5hrs. Train journey takes 3-4 hrs.
One of the Grama panchayath Mathighatta is gateway to Chikkamagaluru district.
Mathighattacomes on the way (NH206) to Kadur by road.
The following is an account of the region from a British source in the early 20th century (sadly, almost all the forest is today gone): The chief natural wealth of Kadur is in its forests, which contain inexhaustible supplies of the finest timber, especially teak, and also furnish shelter for the coffee plantations. Iron is found and smelted at the foot of the hills, and corundum exists in certain localities. Wild beasts and game are numerous, and fish are abundant.
The staple crop is rice, chiefly grown on the hifi slopes, where the natural rainfall is sufficient, or in the river valley, where the fields can be irrigated. Coffee cultivation is said to have been introduced by a Mahommedan saint,
Baba Budan, more than two centuries ago; but it first attracted European capital in 1840. The district is served by the southern railwaysand is the nearest railway station to Chickmagalur.
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Kadur had a population of 30,802. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kadur has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kadur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
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