Barnstaple


Barnstaple

infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Barnstaple
latitude= 51.0823
longitude= -4.0489
population = 34,000 (April 2006 Est.)
shire_district= North Devon
shire_county = Devon
region= South West England
post_town= BARNSTAPLE
postcode_district = EX31, EX32
postcode_area= EX |dial_code= 01271
os_grid_reference= SS5633
constituency_westminster= North Devon

Barnstaple (Audio|En-uk-Barnstaple.ogg|pronunciation; IPA|/ˈbɑːnstəbl/) is a town in the county of Devon in the south west of England. It is the main town in the local government district of North Devon and claims to be the oldest borough in the United Kingdom. It was founded at the lowest crossing point of the River Taw, about 3 miles (5 kilometres) from the Taw's seafall at the Bristol Channel. By the time of the Domesday Book, Barnstaple had its own mint. Its size and wealth in the Middle Ages was based on it being 'wool staple', a town licensed to export wool, and its importance is still obvious in the town's name. The wool trade was further aided by the town's excellent port, with five ships being sent in 1588 to aid the fight against the Spanish Armada.

It was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act 1835. Since 1974, it has been a civil parish with a town council. [ [http://www.barnstaple-history.co.uk/barnstaple_town_council.htm Barnstaple History Website] ]

History

Barnstaple's population in the 1801 census was 3,748, in the 1901 census 9,698, and in the 2001 census 30,765. The town has swallowed the villages of Pilton, Newport, and Roundswell through ribbon development from the 1930s to the 1950s. In April 2006 the population was 34,000.

In 1989 the A361 North Devon "Link Road" was constructed, linking Barnstaple with the M5 motorway, approximately 40.4 miles (65 km) to the east. Because Barnstaple is the main shopping area for North Devon, retail work is a contributor to the economy. Many chain stores are located in the town centre and on the Roundswell Business Park located on the western fringe of the town.

Traffic congestion in the town used to be quite severe, but in May 2007, the Barnstaple Western Bypass was opened so traffic heading towards Braunton and Ilfracombe avoids travelling through the town centre. The bypass consists of an additional 1.6 miles (2.7 kilometres) of new road, and a 447 yards (409 m) long, five-span bridge. It was expected to have cost £42m.

As part of this work, the town's main square is receiving a facelift as the entrance to the town centre, and it is planned to pedestrianise The Strand. Following this scheme, plans are also being formulated for a regeneration of the town centre, due to commence in 2012, and scheduled to cost around £300 million. The regeneration will centre on the Queen's Theatre and surrounding areas, with new shopping complexes, houses, flats and communal areas.

Etymology

Barnstaple is still sometimes referred to as Barum. The origin of this name is obscure, but has been in use since pre-Saxon times and is probably of Roman origin. Mentioned by Shakespeare, the name Barum was revived and popularised in Victorian times, featuring in several novels of the time. The name is retained in the names of a football team, brewery, and several other local businesses.

Butchers Row

Built in 1855, Butchers Row consists of 10 shops with pilasters of Bath Stone, and wrought iron supports to an overhanging roof. Only two of the shops remain as butchers' although the new shops still sell local agricultural goods. There is one baker, one delicatessen, two fishmongers', a florist and a greengrocer.

Pannier Market

Barnstaple has been the major market for North Devon since Saxon times. Demands for health regulation of its food market in Victorian times saw the construction in 1855-56 of the town's Pannier Market, originally known as the Vegetable Market and designed by RD Gould. The building has a high glass and timber roof on iron columns. At 107 yards (97.5 m) long, it runs the length of Butchers Row. Market days are Tuesday, Friday and Saturday. According to the UK newspaper 'The Independent' the Pannier Market is voted one of the top ten food markets in Britain.

Transport

Railway

Barnstaple has had a number of mainline railway stations, although since the Beeching Axe fell in the 1960s, only one of these is still in use:

* Barnstaple railway station was opened on 1 August 1854 by the North Devon Railway (later the London and South Western Railway), although a goods service had operated from Fremington since 1848 for goods traffic only. The station became "Barnstaple Junction" on 20 July 1874 when the railway opened the branch line through to Ilfracombe, reverting to just plain "Barnstaple" again when it closed on 5 October 1970. Located to the south of the town and the River Taw, now a terminus, the station is much reduced in size, and part of the site is now to be used for the bypass.

* Also built by the North Devon Railway in 1854, Barnstaple Quay was renamed "Barnstaple Town" in 1886. In 1898, the station was moved to its present site, at North Walk, to accommodate passenger exchange to the narrow gauge Lynton & Barnstaple Railway. The station building still exists, and can be viewed [http://www.devon.gov.uk/index/transport/traffic/cctv/webcam_barnstaple.htm on-line] from a webcam mounted on Barnstaple Civic Centre.

* Barnstaple Town (1847–1970), situated close by the Castle Mound was a through station on the Ilfracombe line, running along the north bank of the Taw. Between 1898 and 1935, it was also the terminus of the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway, with the narrow gauge line's main depot and operating centre at nearby Pilton.
* Barnstaple (Victoria Road) (1873–1970) (just "Barnstaple" until 1949) was built to broad gauge standards as a terminus of the Devon and Somerset Railway (later the Great Western Railway) to the east of the town, with a connection to "Barnstaple Junction".

Britain in Bloom

Barnstaple won the Britain in Bloom competition, in the category of Town (Population : 6001 - 12,000) [ [http://www.rhs.org.uk/britaininbloom/structure.asp Britain in Bloom Website] ] in 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2003. The town also won the Abbis Cup in 1996 and 1998 for Regional Supreme Champion (any size town), the Nations in Bloom — Best Town in the World in 1996, the Entente Florale — Best Town in Europe in 1996, and World in Bloom in 1998.

Barnstaple Fair

The ceremonial opening of the fair survives from ancient times. The town council meets in the Guildhall, where various toasts are honoured with a spiced ale which, according to tradition, is made from a jealously guarded recipe handed on from generation to generation. Whilst the toasts are being honoured, "fairings", (a form of sweetmeat) are handed around.

On the reading of the Proclamation a large stuffed gloved hand garlanded with flowers is hung from a window of the Guildhall. The gloved hand represents the hand of friendship and the hand of welcome to the thousands that come to the fair. At 12 o'clock, a civic procession forms at the entrance to the Guildhall and the proclamation is read.

The fair begins on the Wednesday before 20 September each year.

Today the fair consists of rides and amusements located in the car park of the leisure centre.

Twin towns

*flagicon|USA Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA
*flagicon|Germany Uelzen, Germany
*flagicon|France Trouville-sur-Mer, France.
*flagicon|Italy Susa, Italy.

Demographics

Barnstaple, as of 2005 estimates has grown little since the 2001 census. The estimated racial makeup of the town is as follows:

White British 98.7%White Irish 0.2Mixed race 0.2Chinese 0.4 Other 0.5

Economy

North Devon has an under-developed economy for a number of reasons. Firstly it is situated at a distance from the UK's traditional areas of industrial activity and population. Whilst the 1989 opening of the improved A361 (then 'trunk') road connection to the motorway network has helped in some ways (notably weekend tourism), it had a detrimental effect on a number of distribution businesses. The latter previously viewed the town as a base for local distribution networks, a need that was removed with an approximate halving of travelling time to the M5.

Barnstaple gained a number of industrial companies in the late 1970s due to the availability of central government grants for the construction of factories and their operation on low or zero levels of local taxation. This was only partially successful, with few of these lasting more than the few years that grants were available. One success was the manufacturing of generic medicines by Cox Pharmaceuticals (now branded Actavis), who moved in 1980 from their traditional site in Brighton, Sussex. The most lasting consequence for the town was the development of, or increase to, the industrial estates at "Seven Brethren", "Whiddon Valley" and "Pottington".

Unemployment in North Devon is 1.8% - 2.4%, and the median per capita wage for North Devon is 73% of the UK national average (2005 data). The level of work in the informal/casual sector is high, partly due to the impact of seasonal tourism like much of the South West of England.

The largest employer in the region by far is local and central Government. The two main central government-owned employers in the area are the Royal Marines Base Chivenor, convert|3|mi|km|1 west of the town, and North Devon District Hospital, convert|1|mi|km|1 to the north.

Education

Barnstaple is well served by all types of education. There is a selection of well regarded primary and secondary state schools in the Barnstaple area.

In the county of Devon 55.9% [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4626172.stm BBC NEWS | Education | How different areas performed ] ] of students achieved 5 GCSEs grade A* to C. The UK average is 55.7%. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4358208.stm BBC NEWS | Education | Focus on basics shakes up schools ] ]

Barnstaple's State Secondary Schools
*The Park Community School [http://www.parkcommunity.devon.sch.uk] - 50% [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/878_4059.stm BBC NEWS | Education | League Tables | The Park Community School ] ] This school is a specialist technology college.
*Pilton Community College [http://www.piltoncollege.devon.sch.uk] - 55% [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/878_4060.stm BBC NEWS | Education | League Tables | Pilton Community College ] ] This is a specialist language school.

North Devon College [http://www.ndevon.ac.uk] is a large tertiary college providing a wide range of vocational and academic further education for young people over 16.

Barnstaple's Independent SchoolsThere are several independent schools in the area, including West Buckland School, convert|8|mi|km|1 to the east, and St. Michael's School [http://www.saint.michaels.school.com] at Tawstock, convert|2|mi|km|1 to the south. Close by there are also Edgehill [http://www.edgehill.devon.school.uk] and Grenville [http://www.grenvillecollege.com] colleges on the outskirts of Bideford.

Sport

Senior rugby union is available in the town at Barnstaple RFC who play in south west 1 league [http://www.barnstaplerfc.co.uk] . Barnstaple Town FC play football in the Western League.Many sports are available at the North Devon Leisure Centre. It is the home of Barnstaple Squash Club [http://www.barnstaplesquash.co.uk] .
Cricket is played at Barnstaple and Pilton [http://www.barnpilcc.play-cricket.com] There are numerous bowling greens and tennis courts

Notable Births

:"For full list, see "

Activities

In Barnstaple

* * [http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/museum_gfx_en/SW000075.html Museum of Barnstaple & North Devon] | Open Monday - Saturday 0930-1700
* [http://www.northdevontheatres.org.uk/ Queen's Theatre, Barnstaple]
* [http://www.barnstaple-history.co.uk/Barnstaple%20Heritage%20trail.htm Barnstaple Heritage Trail]
* [http://www.northdevon.gov.uk/index/lgcl_business/lgcl_business_opportunities/lgcl_local_businesses_and_markets/nonlgcl_barnstaple_pannier_market/nonlgcl_trading_calendar_-_whats_on_when.htm Pannier Market]
* Barnstaple Town F.C.

Around Barnstaple

* 's countryside.
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-arlingtoncourt/ Arlington Court] | Open March - October | 8 miles.
* , 10 miles | [http://www.lundyisland.co.uk/ Costs and Time table]
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-watersmeethouse/ Watersmeet House] | Open March - October, Walks are open all year round | 20 miles.
* National Trail runs through the town, and gives access to walks along the spectacular North Devon coast.
* | Open Easter - end of December (Daily June to September) | 15 miles

See also

*Queen's Theatre, Barnstaple
* Henry de Bracton

References

External links

* [http://www.barnstapletowncentre.co.uk Barnstaple Town Centre website]
* [http://www.thelocalchannel.co.uk/barnstapletowncouncil Barnstaple Town Council Website]
*
* [http://www.barnstaple.co.uk/ Barnstaple Town Council and Town Centre Management]
* [http://www.northdevon.gov.uk/ North Devon District Council]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/devon/webcams/barnstaple_webcam.shtml Barnstaple Webcam (from Civic Centre)]
* [http://www.barnstaple-history.co.uk/ Barnstaple's History]
* [http://www.devonmuseums.net/component/option,com_mumancontent/task,view/sectionid,7/catid,201/#a724/ Museum of Barnstaple & North Devon]
* [http://www.devon.gov.uk/state_of_the_devon_economy.pdf State of Devon's economy 2006]
* [http://www.northdevon.gov.uk/index/lgcl_business/lgcl_business_opportunities/lgcl_local_businesses_and_markets/nonlgcl_barnstaple_pannier_market/nonlgcl_history_of_the_barnstaple_pannier_market.htm Pannier Market's History]
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/reed/venue.cfm?VenueListID=151 Barnstaple Guildhall (1) on the "Patrons and Performances Web Site"]
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/reed/venue.cfm?VenueListID=150 Barnstaple Guildhall (2) on the "Patrons and Performances Web Site"]
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/reed/venue.cfm?VenueListID=225 Barnstaple Mayor's House on the "Patrons and Performances Web Site"]
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/reed/venue.cfm?VenueListID=229 Worth's House on the "Patrons and Performances Web Site"]
* [http://markfowlerimages.moonfruit.com/#/barnstaple/4531166829 Images Of Barnstaple By Local Potographer]


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  • Barnstaple — Barnstaple …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barnstaple — (spr. bārnstĕpl), Stadt (municipal borough) in Devonshire (England), am Taw, 13 km oberhalb dessen Mündung in den Bristolkanal, hat einen guten Hafen für Küstenschiffe, eine Lateinschule und (1901) 14,137 Einw., die Töpferei, Spitzen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Barnstaple — Die Lange Brücke von Barnstaple Barnstaple ist eine Stadt im Norden der Grafschaft Devon, Großbritannien. Sie liegt auf der Nordseite der Mündung des Flusses Taw, ungefähr 13 km vom Bristol Channel entfernt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barnstaple — Barn·sta·ple (bärnʹstə pəl) A municipal borough of southwest England on Barnstaple Bay, an inlet of the Bristol Channel. Barnstaple is a market town and tourist center. Population: 19,025. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”),… …   Universalium

  • Barnstaple — Original name in latin Barnstaple Name in other language Bardanstapol, Barnastapula, Barnstaple, Barnstupul, banseuteopeul, Барнстъпъл State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.08022 latitude 4.05808 altitude 12 Population 32532… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Barnstaple — noun A town in Devon, England …   Wiktionary

  • Barnstaple Victoria Road railway station — was the terminus of the Devon and Somerset Railway line from Taunton railway station. It served the town of Barnstaple in Devon, England and was opened when the Devon and Somerset line was extended from Wiveliscombe to Barnstaple on 1 November… …   Wikipedia

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