Compiègne


Compiègne

Compiègne

Hôtel de ville de Compiègne.jpg
Town hall
Compiègne is located in France
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Compiègne
Administration
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Oise
Arrondissement Compiègne
Intercommunality Région de Compiègne
Statistics
Elevation 31–134 m (102–440 ft)
(avg. 41 m/135 ft)
Land area1 53.10 km2 (20.50 sq mi)
Population2 41,714  (2007)
 - Density 786 /km2 (2,040 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 60159/ 60200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 49°24′54″N 2°49′23″E / 49.4149°N 2.823056°E / 49.4149; 2.823056

Compiègne (French pronunciation: [kɔ̃pjɛɲ]) is a city in northern France. It is designated municipally as a commune within the département of Oise.

The city is located along the Oise River. Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.

Contents

Administration

Compiègne is the seat of three cantons

  • Compiègne-Nord (with 5 communes)
  • Compiègne-Sud-Est (southeast) (with 4 communes)
  • Compiègne-Sud-Ouest (southwest) (with 5 communes)

History

665 - Saint Wilfrid consecrated Bishop of York.
February 888 - Odo, Count of Paris and king of the Franks was crowned in Compiègne.
23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians while attempting to free Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.
1630 - Marie de' Medici's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brussels in 1631.
1900 - The golf events for the 1900 Summer Olympics took place.[1]
11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I
22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France (Second Compiègne) was signed between Nazi Germany and the defeated France in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.
1968 - The starting location of the Paris–Roubaix bicycle race was changed from Paris to Compiègne.
2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)

Historical population

  • 1882: 13,393
  • 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total)
  • 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)

Sights

View of Compiègne

Museums

Compiègne Forest

The Glade of the Armistice in the Compiègne Forest was the site of the signing of two armistices; the 1918 Armistice with Germany and the 1940 Armistice with France. Hitler specifically chose the location, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French. The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, after use in the 1940 armistice was moved to Berlin as a trophy of Nazi triumph. The railway carriage was later taken to Crawinkel in Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops and the remains buried. A replica now stands at the original site.

Education

Compiègne is home to the University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), an engineering school founded in the mid-1970s to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technical fields. The UTC has a strong international students program known as Esperanto, and hosts students from around the world.

Transport

The Gare de Compiègne railway station offers connections with Paris, Amiens, Cambrai and several regional destinations. The nearest motorway is the A1 Paris-Lille.

Cycling

Since 1968 Compiègne is the traditional start city of the famous Paris–Roubaix bicycle race. It was also the finish city of 3rd stage in the 2007 Tour de France.

Notable people

Compiègne was the birthplace of:

Twin towns

Compiègne is twinned with:

Compiègne is also partnered with:

See also

References

  1. ^ 1900 Summer Olympics official report. p. 15. Accessed 14 November 2010. (French)

External links

North: Clairoix, Choisy-au-Bac and Margny-lès-Compiègne
West: Jaux, Venette
Compiègne East: Saint-Jean-aux-Bois and Vieux-Moulin
South: Lacroix-Saint-Ouen

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Compiegne — Compiègne Compiègne La place de l Hôtel de ville Détail …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Compiègne — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Compiegne — Compiègne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Compiègne — Compiègne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Compiègne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne …   Noms de famille

  • Compiégne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne …   Noms de famille

  • Compiegne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne …   Noms de famille

  • Compiègne —   [kɔ̃ pjɛɲ], Stadt in der Picardie, im Département Oise, Frankreich, am linken Ufer der kanalisierten Oise, unterhalb der Aisnemündung, 41 900 Einwohner; technische Universität, veterinärmedizinische Schule, Militärschule; Museen; chemische,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Compiegne — (spr. Kongpiänj), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Oise, 241 QM. u. 98,200 Ew. in 8 Cantons; 2) Hauptstadt darin an der Oise u. der Eisenbahn von Paris nach Belgien, hat krumme Straßen u. im Ganzen schlecht gebaute Häuser, aber ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Compiègne [1] — Compiègne (spr. kongpjännj ), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Oise, an der Oise, Knotenpunkt an der Nordbahn, hat an bemerkenswerten Gebäuden die Kirchen St. Germain (aus dem 15. Jahrh.), St. Antoine (teilweise aus dem 12. Jahrh.), St …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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