Town hall Administration Country France Region Picardy Department Oise Arrondissement Compiègne Intercommunality Région de Compiègne Statistics Elevation 31–134 m (102–440 ft)
(avg. 41 m/135 ft)
Land area1 53.10 km2 (20.50 sq mi) Population2 41,714 (2007) - Density 786 /km2 (2,040 /sq mi) INSEE/Postal code 60159/ 60200 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The city is located along the Oise River. Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.
Compiègne is the seat of three cantons
- Compiègne-Nord (with 5 communes)
- Compiègne-Sud-Est (southeast) (with 4 communes)
- Compiègne-Sud-Ouest (southwest) (with 5 communes)
- 665 - Saint Wilfrid consecrated Bishop of York.
- February 888 - Odo, Count of Paris and king of the Franks was crowned in Compiègne.
- 23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians while attempting to free Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.
- 1630 - Marie de' Medici's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brussels in 1631.
- 11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I
- 22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France (Second Compiègne) was signed between Nazi Germany and the defeated France in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.
- 2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)
- 1882: 13,393
- 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total)
- 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)
- Château de Compiègne - the castle itself, and museums of the Second French Empire, of historic figurines and of motoring and tourism within its walls
- Musée Antoine Vivenel
The Glade of the Armistice in the Compiègne Forest was the site of the signing of two armistices; the 1918 Armistice with Germany and the 1940 Armistice with France. Hitler specifically chose the location, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French. The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, after use in the 1940 armistice was moved to Berlin as a trophy of Nazi triumph. The railway carriage was later taken to Crawinkel in Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops and the remains buried. A replica now stands at the original site.
Compiègne is home to the University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), an engineering school founded in the mid-1970s to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technical fields. The UTC has a strong international students program known as Esperanto, and hosts students from around the world.
The Gare de Compiègne railway station offers connections with Paris, Amiens, Cambrai and several regional destinations. The nearest motorway is the A1 Paris-Lille.
Compiègne was the birthplace of:
- Roscellinus (~1050 - ~1122), philosopher and theologian, often regarded as the founder of Nominalism
- Pierre d'Ailly (1350–1420), theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Albert Robida (1848–1926), illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist
- Marcel Tabuteau (1887–1966), Oboist, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing.
- Suzanne Lenglen (1899–1938), tennis player, international female sport star
Compiègne is twinned with:
- Arona, Italy, since 1962
- Bury St Edmunds, England, since 1967
- Elbląg, Poland, since 2002
- Guimarães, Portugal, since 2006
- Huy, Belgium, since 1959
- Kiryat Tivon, Israel, since 1988
- Landshut, Germany, since 1962
- Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, since 1989
- Shirakawa, Fukushima, Japan, since 1988
- Vianden, Luxembourg, since 1964
Compiègne is also partnered with:
- Communes of the Oise department
- Dialogues of the Carmelites
- Martyrs of Compiegne
- Monument aux morts (Oise)
- Siege of Compiègne
- City council website (in French)
- Le musée du château/The Château museum
- SAND Project site
- Steven Lehrer's Compiègne site
- Universite de Technologie de Compiegne
- Joan of Arc Captured At Compiegne
- Cultural Association defending the Death-Rap values
- customized transport in compiègne
- Concerts in Compiègne
North: Clairoix, Choisy-au-Bac and Margny-lès-Compiègne West: Jaux, Venette Compiègne East: Saint-Jean-aux-Bois and Vieux-Moulin South: Lacroix-Saint-Ouen Venues of the 1900 Summer Olympics Baseball1988 (demonstration): Jamsil Baseball Stadium • 1992: Camp Municipal de Beisbol de Viladecans, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat Baseball Stadium (final) • 1996: Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium • 2000: Blacktown Olympic Park, Sydney Baseball Stadium (final) • 2004: Olympic Baseball Centre • 2008: Wukesong Baseball Field Basque pelota Cricket Croquet Golf Jeu de paume Lacrosse Polo Rackets Rugby union Softball Tug of war Water motorsports
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Look at other dictionaries:
Compiegne — Compiègne Compiègne La place de l Hôtel de ville Détail … Wikipédia en Français
Compiègne — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Compiegne — Compiègne … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Compiègne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne … Noms de famille
Compiégne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne … Noms de famille
Compiegne — Compiègne, Compiégne, Compiegne Désigne celui qui est originaire de Compiègne, dans l Oise. Le toponyme vient du latin compendium (= raccourci). Variantes : Compiene, Compienne … Noms de famille
Compiègne — [kɔ̃ pjɛɲ], Stadt in der Picardie, im Département Oise, Frankreich, am linken Ufer der kanalisierten Oise, unterhalb der Aisnemündung, 41 900 Einwohner; technische Universität, veterinärmedizinische Schule, Militärschule; Museen; chemische,… … Universal-Lexikon
Compiegne — (spr. Kongpiänj), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Oise, 241 QM. u. 98,200 Ew. in 8 Cantons; 2) Hauptstadt darin an der Oise u. der Eisenbahn von Paris nach Belgien, hat krumme Straßen u. im Ganzen schlecht gebaute Häuser, aber ein… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Compiègne  — Compiègne (spr. kongpjännj ), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Oise, an der Oise, Knotenpunkt an der Nordbahn, hat an bemerkenswerten Gebäuden die Kirchen St. Germain (aus dem 15. Jahrh.), St. Antoine (teilweise aus dem 12. Jahrh.), St … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon