Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford


Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford

Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176 – 1220) was an English Norman nobleman.

He was Earl of Hereford and Hereditary Constable of England from 1199 to 1220.

Lineage

He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Princess Margaret, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, a son of David I of Scotland. His paternal grandmother was Margaret, daughter of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford and Constable of England. Bohun's half-sister was Constance, Duchess of Brittany.

Earldom

The male line of Miles of Gloucester having failed, on the accession of King John of England, Bohun was created Earl of Hereford and Constable of England (1199).

Henry de Bohun was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta in 1215, and was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope.

Marriage & children

He married Maud of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex. Their children were:
#Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford
#Maud de Bohun, married Henry d'Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire.

Later career

He was also a supporter of King Louis VIII of France and was captured at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217.

He died whilst on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1220.

References

*"Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700" by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 84-26
*Cokayne, G. (ed. by V. Gibbs). "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom". London:1887-1896, H-457-459


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