- State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina
[http://www.sudbih.gov.ba/?jezik=e The Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina] was officially established in November 2000 after approval by a government working group and the [http://www.ohr.int/decisions/judicialrdec/default.asp?content_id=5228 final decision by the High Representative] at the time, Wolfgang Petritsch. The Court was created to address the need for a judicial authority at the state level, as previously supreme judicial authority existed only at the high courts of the entities, the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
The Court has first instance jurisdiction over administrative matters (disputes or infractions relating to electoral law, for example), and second instance jurisdiction over criminal matters in all of
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The seat of the Court is in Sarajevo. The Court resides within the "Complex for BiH-Judicial Institutions", which has been subject to extensive renovation, transforming a former military court into a modern civilian Courthouse. The Court currently has 8 high-tech courtrooms - including one high-security courtroom for sensitive cases. All trials are recorded on video for later evidence. A 21 cell high security pre-trial detention center has been established in close proximity to the Court for the detention of defendants who are a flight risk or could negatively influence the proceedings.
War Crimes Chamber Project (WCCP) and the Registry for War Crimes and Organized Crime (the Registry)
In January 2003, the
Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina(OHR) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia ( ICTY) issued a [http://www.un.org/icty/pressreal/2003/p723-e.htm set of joint conclusions] recommending the creation of a War Crimes Chamber Project (WCCP), consisting of a specialized chamber for war crimes within the Court of BiH and a corresponding special department for war crimes within the Prosecutors Office of BiH. Subsequently, the Court of BiH established the aforementioned specialized departments in January 2005, consisting of international and national judges and prosecutors.
The WCCP was envisioned as part of the ICTY's desire to conclude its mandate by 2010 and transfer all responsibility for handling of war crimes cases to the appropriate national governments within the states of the former Yugoslavia. The proposed transfer of lower to mid-level perpetrators to national courts was established through Rule 11 bis of the ICTY Rules of Procedure and Evidence. Subsequently, two Rule 11 bis cases have been transferred directly from the ICTY to the Court of BiH. In September 2005, Radovan Stankovic was physically transferred from the ICTY to the custody of the Court of BiH. In November 2005, Gojko Jankovic was transferred. Future Rule 11 bis transfers are expected.
Since January 2005 the "War Crimes Chamber Project" terminology has rarely been used, due to the additional involvement of the international community in handling organized crime as well as war crimes cases. In December 2004, the Office of the High Representative concluded an agreement with the Presidency of BiH for creating the Registry for Section I for War Crimes and Section II for Organized Crime, Economic Crime and Corruption. The Registry is a support service to the Court of BiH funded by international donors that provides assistance to judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys and to the general management of the Court.
The Court of BiH currently has 6 trial panels of 3 judges each for war crimes and organized crime. Each panel is composed of 2 international judges and 1 BiH judge, who presides.
On February 3, 2006 the War Crimes Chamber opened its first genocide case starting trial of 11 members of Ministry of Internal Affairs of
Republika Srpskafrom 1995, indicted for genocide and complicity to genocide in Srebrenica massacre.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina — This article refers to the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a domestic court which includes international judges and prosecutors and a section for war crimes; it should not be confused with the separate International Criminal Tribunal for the… … Wikipedia
Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina — The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Ustavni sud Bosne i Hercegovine) is a special court sui generis, whose main role is to be the interpreter and guardian of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as stated in… … Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnia redirects here. For other uses, see Bosnia (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Босна и Херцеговина … Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina — a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945 92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 2,607,734; 19,909 sq. mi. (51,565 sq. km). Cap.: Sarajevo. * * * Bosnia and Herzegovina Introduction Bosnia and Herzegovina Background: Bosnia and Herzegovina s… … Universalium
Bosnia and Herzegovina — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Bosnia and Herzegovina <p></p> Background: <p></p> Bosnia and Herzegovina s declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence… … The World Factbook
Ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina — Ethnic map of BIH before Bosnian War, 1991. Bosnian Croats Blue, Bosnian Muslims Green, Bosnian Serbs Red. More than 95% of population of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to one of its three constitutive ethnic groups: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats .… … Wikipedia
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina — takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of government, and of a multi party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.… … Wikipedia
List of Bosnia and Herzegovina-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Bosnia and Herzegovina* Bosnia and Herzegovina * Republika Srpska*… … Wikipedia
Outline of Bosnia and Herzegovina — … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina — The State Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and the entity Constitutions of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Federation) and the Republika Srpska (RS) provide for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respected … Wikipedia