- Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate
Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate Gihaz al-Mukhabarat al-Amma جهاز المخابرات العامة Emblem of the EGIS Agency overview Formed 1954 Jurisdiction Government of Egypt Headquarters Cairo, Egypt Agency executive Murad Muwafi, Director Parent agency Presidency of Egypt
The General Intelligence Services (GIS) (Arabic: جهاز المخابرات العامة / Gihaz al-Mukhabarat al-Amma), often called the Mukhabarat (Arabic: المخابرات / al-Mukhabarat), is an Egyptian intelligence agency responsible for providing national security intelligence, both domestically and transnationally, with a counter-terrorism focus.
The GIS is part of the Egyptian intelligence community, together with the Office of Military Intelligence Services and Reconnaissance (Arabic: ادارة المخابرات الحربية والاستطلاع / Idarat al-Mukhabarat al-Harbyya wa al-Istitla) and the State Security Investigations Service (SSIS) (Arabic: جهاز مباحث أمن الدولة / Gihaz Mabahith Amn al-Dawla).
Under Nasr's supervision, the GIS relocated to its own building and established separate divisions for Radio, Computer, Forgery and Black Operations.
For several years the name of GIS director was a secret only known to high officials and government Newspapers chief editors. However, Major-General Omar Suleiman ar:عمر سليمان who was the Chief of the GIS from 1993 to January 2011, was the first one the break this taboo. His name was published before he himself became a known face in media after being envoyed by the former Egyptian president Mubarak 1981-2011 to Israel, USA and Ghaza in many occasions.
On January 31st 2011, Major-General Murad Muwafi was declared the current director of GIS, after Omar Suleiman was appointed as a Vice President of the Arab Republic of Egyptthen resigned after the former president Mubarak had to step down during the Egyptian revolution.
In spite of the rule which says "success in intelligence world is a buried secret while failure is a world wide scandal" the GIS did achieve many successes a few of which were released and dramatized in Egyptian TV and Cinema
- The GIS states that it managed to plant an Egyptian agent among Jewish immigrants to Israel. That agent, Refaat Al-Gammal, managed to live 18 years in Israel without being discovered. In those years, he established a network of spies in various fields of the Israeli community, though this is contradicted by various Israeli sources, which state that Refaat was a double agent and helped IDF to win the Six Day War.
- In 1970 the GIS managed to hunt an Israeli Oil Rig[disambiguation needed ] while being shipped from Canada to Sinai (occupied at that time). Clandestine GIS agents and frogmen succeeded in tracing the Oil Rig to Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire and planted sets of explosives, had them detonated and crippled the rig. Ironically, this was done while the city was full, not only of MOSSAD agents protecting the Oil Rig, but also while it was full of CIA agents who were guarding the NASA astronauts in their visit to "Côte d'Ivoire". This operation was published in 1985 under the name of Al -Haffar operation it was supervised at that time by EGIS director " Ameen Heweedy" (1921–2009).
- Between 1968 and 1972 GIS managed to infiltrate the residence of the American diplomatic delegation in Cairo and plant tape recorders (refer to reference 1).
- Perhaps a major success of the GIS was handling the Egyptian "strategic deception plan" which was carried out from 01/1970 to 10/1973 and aimed to conceal the Egyptian plans to launch massive operation to free occupied Sinai on 06/10/1973 starting the Yom Kippur war. The plan included planting false information and hidden implied data in Egyptian president Sadat's speeches and newspapers Articles. For example the GIS prepared the military operations and evacuated complete sections of Cairo hospitals to be ready for receiving war casualties. This evacuation that took place few days before the war started, was done after declaring false information that those hospitals were infected with Tetanus.
The plan included a major operation whose details are still not published. This operation aimed at getting detailed information of American Spy satellites covering Middle East, by knowing exact trajectories and timing of those Satellites the GIS prepared complicated logistic movement schedules for all Egyptian Army units to avoid moving mass troops in timings where they could be spotted by satellites.
Despite declared peace between Egypt and Israel, every few years the GIS declares the arrest of Israeli espionage networks, yet until now Israel has not declared arrest of any Egyptian spies on its soil. The two countries agreed not to get engaged in espionage against each other after signing the 1979 peace treaty.
Declared GIS Chiefs in chronological order
- Zakaria Mohieddin (1952–1956)
- Ali Sabry (1956–1957)
- Salah Nasr Al Nogomy (1957–1967)
- Ameen Heweedy (1967–1970)
- Hafez Ismail (1970 - 1970)
- Ahmad Kamel (1970–1971)
- Ahmad Ismail Ali (1971–1972)
- Karim El-Leithy (1972–1973)
- Wagdi Mosaad (1974–1978)
- Mohammad Saed Al Mahy (1978–1981)
- Foad Nassar (1981–1983)
- Rafaat osman Jibrel (1983–1986)
- Kamal Hassan Ali (1986–1989)
- Omar Negm (1989–1991)
- Nour El Dien Afeefy (1991–1993)
- Omar Suleiman (1993–2011)
- Murad Muwafi (2011–Present)
- Sirrs, Owen L. (2010). A History of the Egyptian Intelligence Service: A History of the Mukhabarat, 1910-2009. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415569200.
- Sullivan, Denis J.; Jones, Kimberley (2008). Global security watch - Egypt: a reference handbook. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International. ISBN 978-0-275-99482-2. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=fGWiXfGrBWAC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- 1973- Weapons and Diplomacy- Heikal, Mohammd Hassanien - Printed 1993 - Al Ahram- Egypt
- Auto biography of Salah Nasr- Printed 1998- Dar Al Khayal - Egypt
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Egyptian Islamic Jihad — The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Arabic: الجهاد الإسلامي المصري, alGɩead alḀslami alMɩƨri (alMɑƨri)) (EIJ), formerly called simply Islamic Jihad (الجهاد الإسلامي and Liberation Army for Holy Sites) originally referred to as al Jihad, and then the… … Wikipedia
List of intelligence agencies — The following is a partial list of current intelligence agencies. Agencies by country A Afghanistan *National Directorate of Security (NDS)Albania *State Intelligence Service (SHISH); successor to SHiKAlgeria *Département du Renseignement et de… … Wikipedia
2011 Egyptian revolution — For other revolutions, see Egyptian revolution. 2011 Egyptian revolution Part of the Arab Spring … Wikipedia
Signals intelligence operational platforms by nation — This article is a subset article under the main article Signals intelligence, which addresses the unifying conceptual and technical factors and common technologies in this intelligence discipline. This article deals with current signals… … Wikipedia
Central Intelligence Agency — CIA redirects here. For other uses, see CIA (disambiguation). Central Intelligence Agency Official Seal of the CIA Agency overview Formed September 18, 1947 … Wikipedia
The General Directorate for State Security Investigations — The Mabahith Amn al Dawla al Ulya, or State Security Intelligence (SSI), is the highest national intelligence authority in Egypt. Organization The SSI is a branch of the Interior Ministry in Egypt aimed at the protection and security of Egypt,… … Wikipedia
Refaat Al-Gammal — Infobox Person name= Refaat Al Gammal image size = caption = Refaat Al Gammal birth date = birth date|1927|7|1|mf=y birth place = Damietta, Egypt death place = Darmstadt, Germany death date = death date and age|1982|1|30|1927|7|1Refaat Ali… … Wikipedia
Contents of the United States diplomatic cables leak (Middle East) — Content from the United States diplomatic cables leak has depicted the United States opinion of the Middle East related subjects extensively. The leak, which began on 28 November 2010, occurred when the website of WikiLeaks an international new… … Wikipedia
Omar Souleiman — عمر سليمان Omar Souleiman en 2007 Mandats 19 … Wikipédia en Français
Omar Suleiman — en 2007 Le lieutenant général Omar Suleiman (Arabe: عمر سليمان} est un Ministre sans portefeuille égyptien. Il est le chef du Jihaz al Mukhabarat al Amma, le plus puissant service de renseignements égyptien, depuis … Wikipédia en Français