Canton of Solothurn


Canton of Solothurn

Infobox Canton|short_name=Solothurn
local_names=Solothurn|coord= coord|47|19|N|7|38|E|region:CH-SO_type:adm1st|display=title
flag_img_path=Flag of Canton of Solothurn.svg
coa_img_path=Solothurn-coat of arms.svg
locatormap_img_path=Swiss_Canton_Map_SO.pngcantonalmap_img_path=Map_of_Canton_Solothurn.pngcapital=Solothurn
area=791|area_rank=16th|area_scale=8
population=251,657|population_rank=12th|population_asof=2006
population_density=318
since=1481
abbr=SO
languages=German
executive=Regierungsrat|executive_members=5
legislative=Kantonsrat|parliament_members=100
highest=Hasenmatt|highest_m=1445|lowest=Birs at the cantonal border in Dornach|lowest_m=277
municipalities_number=126
districts_designation=Bezirke|districts_number=10|

Solothurn (German: Audio|De-Solothurn.ogg|"Solothurn") is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the northwest of Switzerland. The capital is Solothurn.

Geography

The canton is located in the north west of Switzerland. To the west and south lies the canton of Bern, to the east the one of Aargau. To the north the canton is bound by the canton of Basel-Landschaft. Two of the districts are enclaves and are located along the French border.

The lands are drained by the Aare river and its tributaries. The landscape is mostly flat, but it includes the foothills of the Jura massif. The flat lands are a plain created by the Aare river.

The total area of the canton is 791 km².

History

The lands of the canton consist of territories acquired by the capital. For that reason the shape of the canton is somewhat irregular and includes two enclaves along the French border which form separate districts of the canton.

Between 1798 and 1803 the canton was part of the Helvetic Republic. In 1803 Solothurn was one of the 19 Swiss cantons that were reconstituted by Napoleon ("Mediation").Even though the population was strictly Roman Catholic, Solothurn did not join the Catholic separatist movement ("Sonderbund") in 1845. Similarly, the federal constitutions of 1848 and 1874 were approved. The current constitution of the canton dates from 1887. In 1895, however, the constitution was thoroughly revised.

Economy

Up to the 19th century agriculture was the main economic activity in the canton. Agriculture is still of importance, but manufacturing and the service industry are now more significant. The industries of the canton are specialized in watches, jewellery, textiles, paper, cement and auto parts. Until recently the manufacturing of shoes was an important economic activity, but global competition meant that the Swiss canton was not competitive enough.

There is a nuclear power plant near Gösgen which started operation in 1979.

Transport

The canton is well connected to other parts of Switzerland, both by rail and road. There is a railway junction at Olten with direct trains to Geneva, Zurich, Basel and the Ticino via Lucerne.

Demographics

The population is mostly German speaking. About 60% of the population are Roman Catholic, with most of the remainder being Protestants. The population is 251,657 (2006).

Districts

Municipalities

The canton has 125 municipalities ("Einwohnergemeinden").

External links

* [http://www.so.ch/de/pub/home.htm Official site] de icon
* [http://www.statistik.admin.ch/stat_ch/ber00/ekan_so.htm Official statistics]
*commonscat-inline|Canton of Solothurn


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Municipalities of the canton of Solothurn — Municipalities in the canton of Solothurn These are the 122 municipalities of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland (as of April 2010[update]) …   Wikipedia

  • Solothurn — Infobox Swiss town subject name = Solothurn municipality name = Solothurn municipality type = city imagepath coa = Coat of arms of Solothurn.svg|pixel coa= languages = German canton = Solothurn iso code region = CH SO district = Solothurn lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Solothurn — Ger. /zoh law toorddn /, n. 1. a city in NW Switzerland, on the Aar River: capital of canton of Solothurn. 16,200. 2. a canton in NW Switzerland. 224,800. French, Soleure. * * * ▪ Switzerland (German), French  Soleure,         capital of …   Universalium

  • Canton of Jura — Infobox Canton|name=République et Canton du Jura short name = Jura local names=Jura|coord= coord|47|22|N|7|9|E|region:CH JU type:adm1st|display=title flag img path=Flag of Canton of Jura.svg coa img path=Jura coat of arms.svg locatormap img… …   Wikipedia

  • Solothurn frank — The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Solothurn between 1798 and 1850. It was subdivided into 10 Batzen , each of 4 Kreuzer or 10 Rappen .HistoryThe Frank was the currency of the Helvetian Republic from 1798. The Helvetian Republic… …   Wikipedia

  • Solothurn — noun a) A canton of Switzerland. b) A city in Switzerland, the capital of the canton of Solothurn …   Wiktionary

  • Solothurn — Ger. /zoh law toorddn /, n. 1. a city in NW Switzerland, on the Aar River: capital of canton of Solothurn. 16,200. 2. a canton in NW Switzerland. 224,800. French, Soleure …   Useful english dictionary

  • Solothurn thaler — Coin image box 1 double header = Viertel Duplone caption left = RESPUBLICA SOLODORENSIS, crowned coat of arms caption right = S URSUS MART 1789, military Saint Ursus standing facing, holding banner. width = 300 position = right margin = 0 footer …   Wikipedia

  • Solothurn — (franz. Soleure), 1) Canton der Schweiz, liegt zackig zwischen Basel, Aargau u. Bern, hat zwei kleine Enclaven (Klein. Lützel u. Mariastein nach den Hauptortschaften) zwischen den Cantonen Bern u. Basel u. dem französischen Departement Oberrhein; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Solothurn (canton) — Canton de Soleure Canton de Soleure Kanton Solothurn …   Wikipédia en Français


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