- Canton of Solothurn
flag_img_path=Flag of Canton of Solothurn.svg
coa_img_path=Solothurn-coat of arms.svg
Birsat the cantonal border in Dornach|lowest_m=277
Solothurn (German: Audio|De-Solothurn.ogg|"Solothurn") is a canton of
Switzerland. It is located in the northwest of Switzerland. The capital is Solothurn.
The canton is located in the north west of Switzerland. To the west and south lies the
canton of Bern, to the east the one of Aargau. To the north the canton is bound by the canton of Basel-Landschaft. Two of the districts are enclaves and are located along the French border.
The lands are drained by the
Aareriver and its tributaries. The landscape is mostly flat, but it includes the foothills of the Jura massif. The flat lands are a plain created by the Aare river.
The total area of the canton is 791 km².
The lands of the canton consist of territories acquired by the capital. For that reason the shape of the canton is somewhat irregular and includes two enclaves along the French border which form separate districts of the canton.
Between 1798 and 1803 the canton was part of the
Helvetic Republic. In 1803 Solothurn was one of the 19 Swiss cantons that were reconstituted by Napoleon ("Mediation").Even though the population was strictly Roman Catholic, Solothurn did not join the Catholic separatist movement ("Sonderbund") in 1845. Similarly, the federal constitutions of 1848 and 1874 were approved. The current constitution of the canton dates from 1887. In 1895, however, the constitution was thoroughly revised.
Up to the 19th century agriculture was the main economic activity in the canton. Agriculture is still of importance, but manufacturing and the service industry are now more significant. The industries of the canton are specialized in
watches, jewellery, textiles, paper, cementand auto parts. Until recently the manufacturing of shoes was an important economic activity, but global competition meant that the Swiss canton was not competitive enough.
There is a nuclear power plant near
Gösgenwhich started operation in 1979.
The canton is well connected to other parts of Switzerland, both by rail and road. There is a railway junction at
Oltenwith direct trains to Geneva, Zurich, Baseland the Ticinovia Lucerne.
The population is mostly German speaking. About 60% of the population are
Roman Catholic, with most of the remainder being Protestants. The population is 251,657 (2006).
The canton has 125 municipalities ("Einwohnergemeinden").
* [http://www.so.ch/de/pub/home.htm Official site] de icon
* [http://www.statistik.admin.ch/stat_ch/ber00/ekan_so.htm Official statistics]
*commonscat-inline|Canton of Solothurn
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Municipalities of the canton of Solothurn — Municipalities in the canton of Solothurn These are the 122 municipalities of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland (as of April 2010[update]) … Wikipedia
Solothurn — Infobox Swiss town subject name = Solothurn municipality name = Solothurn municipality type = city imagepath coa = Coat of arms of Solothurn.svg|pixel coa= languages = German canton = Solothurn iso code region = CH SO district = Solothurn lat… … Wikipedia
Solothurn — Ger. /zoh law toorddn /, n. 1. a city in NW Switzerland, on the Aar River: capital of canton of Solothurn. 16,200. 2. a canton in NW Switzerland. 224,800. French, Soleure. * * * ▪ Switzerland (German), French Soleure, capital of … Universalium
Canton of Jura — Infobox Canton|name=République et Canton du Jura short name = Jura local names=Jura|coord= coord|47|22|N|7|9|E|region:CH JU type:adm1st|display=title flag img path=Flag of Canton of Jura.svg coa img path=Jura coat of arms.svg locatormap img… … Wikipedia
Solothurn frank — The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Solothurn between 1798 and 1850. It was subdivided into 10 Batzen , each of 4 Kreuzer or 10 Rappen .HistoryThe Frank was the currency of the Helvetian Republic from 1798. The Helvetian Republic… … Wikipedia
Solothurn — noun a) A canton of Switzerland. b) A city in Switzerland, the capital of the canton of Solothurn … Wiktionary
Solothurn — Ger. /zoh law toorddn /, n. 1. a city in NW Switzerland, on the Aar River: capital of canton of Solothurn. 16,200. 2. a canton in NW Switzerland. 224,800. French, Soleure … Useful english dictionary
Solothurn thaler — Coin image box 1 double header = Viertel Duplone caption left = RESPUBLICA SOLODORENSIS, crowned coat of arms caption right = S URSUS MART 1789, military Saint Ursus standing facing, holding banner. width = 300 position = right margin = 0 footer … Wikipedia
Solothurn — (franz. Soleure), 1) Canton der Schweiz, liegt zackig zwischen Basel, Aargau u. Bern, hat zwei kleine Enclaven (Klein. Lützel u. Mariastein nach den Hauptortschaften) zwischen den Cantonen Bern u. Basel u. dem französischen Departement Oberrhein; … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Solothurn (canton) — Canton de Soleure Canton de Soleure Kanton Solothurn … Wikipédia en Français