Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Chestnut Hill West SEPTA Station on Germantown Avenue

Chestnut Hill is a neighborhood in the Northwest Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Contents

Geography

Boundaries

Chestnut Hill is bounded as follows:

ZIP code

The USPS does not officially correlate neighborhood names to Philadelphia ZIP codes (all are called simply "Philadelphia" or "Phila").[1] However, the 19118 ZIP code is almost entirely coterminous with the cultural-consensus boundaries of Chestnut Hill.

History

Chestnut Hill Baptist Church built 1835

The village of Chestnut Hill was part of the German Township laid out by Francis Daniel Pastorius and came to include the settlements originally known as Sommerhausen and Crefeld, as well as part of Cresheim. It served as a gateway between Philadelphia and the nearby farmlands. During the U.S. Revolutionary War era (late 18th century), the area was one of many summer vacation spots due to its higher elevation, 400–500 feet (120 to 150 m) above sea level, and cooler temperatures than the historic Center City. Chestnut Hill is still stereotypically known as one of the more affluent sections of Philadelphia. However, there are many residents who fall within lower/middle class incomes.

Chestnut Hill (along with many other towns and farmlands of Philadelphia County) became part of the City of Philadelphia in 1854 as part of the Act of Consolidation, when the County and the City became completely coterminous. In the same year, the Chestnut Hill Railroad opened, making an easy commute to and from Center City.

During the American Civil War, Chestnut Hill was home to Mower U.S. Army General Hospital, constructed to serve Union army soldiers.

From the mid-19th century through the mid-20th, the neighborhood served as the functional equivalent of both a "railroad suburb" and a "streetcar suburb" of Center City; although it was part of Philadelphia, and not a suburb, it was a leafy outlying part functioning much like a commuter town. (It still serves this function, although the streetcars are gone.) The neighborhood contains a wide variety of 19th and early 20th century residential buildings by many of the most prominent Philadelphia architects.

Architecture and housing stock

Sam Austin House on Chestnut Hill and Germantown Avenues
Inglewood Cottage on Bethlehem Pike

Housing in Chestnut Hill is very expensive for this region. In 2011, it had a median home sale price of $629,500—the highest of any Philadelphia neighborhood outside of Center City. This price was an increase of 57% from its 2005 median price.

The Chestnut Hill listings on the National Register of Historic Places:

Other historic and notable properties include:

  • Inglewood Cottage (1850), designed by Thomas Ustick Walter.
  • The former site of Boxly, the estate of Frederick Winslow Taylor, where Taylor often received the business-management pilgrims who came to meet the "Father of Scientific Management".
  • Esherick House (1961), designed by Louis Kahn.
  • Vanna Venturi House (1962-64), designed by Robert Venturi.

Public transportation

Public transportation in southeastern Pennsylvania, which includes Philadelphia and the surrounding counties, is provided by SEPTA, the region's mass transit authority.

Regional rail (commuter rail)

Two SEPTA Regional Rail lines serve Chestnut Hill: the Chestnut Hill East Line and Chestnut Hill West Line.

Buses

Chestnut Hill is served by SEPTA bus routes from both the City Transit Division (23, 77 and L) and the Suburban Division (94 and 134).

Trolleys [trams]

Trams in the southeastern Pennsylvania region are known as trolleys. The trolley network of this region was very extensive prior to World War II, but has shrunk since that era. Chestnut Hill was formerly served by trolleys. Trolley service to Chestnut Hill began in 1894, and trolley tracks still run down the Belgian-block-paved main street of the neighborhood, Germantown Avenue. SEPTA "temporarily suspended" regular trolley service in 1992.

The withering of trolley service in Philadelphia is generally unpopular with most residents. This topic generates heated emotions because it is related to the larger issue of the Great American streetcar scandal. Further discussion of the arguments and counterarguments is beyond the scope of this article.

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary schools

Public education

Residents are zoned to schools in the School District of Philadelphia. Students in grades kindergarten through 8 are zoned to John Story Jenks School, while students in grades 9 through 12 are zoned to Germantown High School.[2]

Private education

Chestnut Hill is home to many private schools, including Chestnut Hill Academy, Springside School, The Crefeld School, Norwood-Fontbonne Academy, and Our Mother of Consolation.

Many "Chestnut Hillers" also send their children to private schools in nearby neighborhoods such as William Penn Charter School, Germantown Friends School, Germantown Academy, Saint Joseph's Preparatory School, Abington Friends School, LaSalle College High School, and Mount Saint Joseph Academy.[citation needed]

Public libraries

Free Library of Philadelphia operates the Chestnut Hill Branch at 8711 Germantown Avenue.[3]

Parks and arboretums

Other notable civic institutions

Philadelphia Cricket Club

Notable residents (past and present)

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Chestnut Hill West (SEPTA station) — Chestnut Hill West SEPTA regional rail station Station statistics Address …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill — may refer to: Contents 1 Geography 2 Education 3 Transportation 4 Books 5 Film …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill College — Motto Fides, Caritas, Scientia Established 1924 Type Private President Carol Jean Vale, SSJ, Ph.D …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill Academy — Location Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States Information Type Private Religious affiliation(s) None Established …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill West Line —      Chestnut Hill West Line Overview Type Commuter rail line System SEPTA Regional Rail Status Operatin …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill Historic District (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) — Chestnut Hill Historic District U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill East (SEPTA station) — Chestnut Hill East SEPTA regional rail station Looking down the tracks. Station statistics …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill East Line —      Chestnut Hill East Line Overview Type Commuter rail line System SEPTA Regional Rail Status Operatin …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut Hill Historic District — may refer to: Chestnut Hill Historic District (Birmingham, Alabama), listed on the NRHP in Alabama Chestnut Hill Reservoir Historic District, Boston and Newton, MA, Listed on the NRHP in Massachusetts Chestnut Hill Historic District (Brookline,… …   Wikipedia

  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania — Philadelphia Spitzname: Philly, City of Brotherly Love, The City that Loves you Back, Cradle of Liberty, The Quaker City, The Birthplace of America, Illadelph Philadelphia …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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