company_name = Infogrames Entertainment SA
company_type = Public euronext|IFG
foundation = June 1983
[now known as
David Gardner, Chairman, CEO, and Chief Creative Officer Phil Harrison, President Thomas Schmider, Chief Operating Officer
industry = Software & Programming
products = "Alone in the Dark"
Unreal Tournament 2003"
"North & South"
revenue = lossEUR €305.3 million (2007)
net_income = loss EUR red|€-103.1 million (2007) [ [http://corporate.infogrames.com/infogramesgb/2007/05/comptes_de_resultats.php Infogrames GB ] ]
homepage = [http://www.infogrames.com/ www.infogrames.com]
subsid = Atari, Inc,
Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) (euronext|IFG) is an international
holding companyheadquartered in Villeurbanne, Lyon, France. It owns 51.2 percent of Atari, Inc., headquartered in New York, N.Y., USA, and Atari Europe. It was founded in 1983 by Bruno Bonnelland Christophe Sapet using the proceeds from an introductory computer book. Through its subsidiaries, Infogrames produces, publishes and distributes interactive games for all major video game consoles and computer game platforms.
The founders wanted to christen the company "Zboub Système", but were dissuaded by their legal counsel words "informatique" (information technology) and "programme" (a computer program). The final choice, "Infogrames", was a slightly modified version of that suggestion, and is pronEng|ˌɪnfoʊˈgræmz in English.
The company logo is an
armadillo("tatou" in French), chosen when the company was moved to Villeurbanne. Bonnell commented: "This dinosaur [sic] is our symbol. The armadillo has always survived changes to its environment, from the melting of glaciers to the worst of heat waves."
In the late 1980s Infogrames was noted for its French computer games that often featured original game ideas and occasionally humorous content. They had acquired several licences for popular
Franco-Belgian comics, such as Tintin, Asterixand Les Tuniques Bleues.
1996-2002 Growth Through Acquisition
Bruno Bonnell's Infogrames embarked on an acquisition campaign that would last seven years and cost more than $500 million; the objective was to become the worlds leading interactive entertainment publisher [ [http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/02-16-2000/0001142857&EDATE= Infogrames Launches Infogrames.com ] ] . While the company's debt increased from $55 million in 1999 to $493 million in 2002, the company's revenue also increased from $246 million to $650 million during the same period. [http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/column_index.php?story=8636 Gamasutra - The Euro Vision: 'Bye-Bye Bruno' ] ]
In 1996 IESA bought
Ocean Softwarefor about $100 million [ [http://www.ukbusinesspark.co.uk/bpmerg96.htm Mergers & Acquisitions - UK News 1996 ] ] , renaming the company as "Infogrames UK". [http://www.mobygames.com/company/atari-uk-ltd MobyGames - Atari UK Ltd ] ] In 1997 Philips Media BV was purchased.
In 1998 IESA acquired a majority share of 62.5% in the game distributor "OziSoft", which became "Infogrames Australia", [http://www.atari.com.au/misc/faq.do Frequently Asked Questions - Atari Australia ] ] and in 2002 IESA bought the remaining shares of "Infogrames Australia" from
Segaand other share holders [ [http://www.zdnet.com.au/news/business/soa/Ozisoft-becomes-Infogrames-Australia/0,139023166,120267724,00.htm Ozisoft becomes Infogrames Australia: News - Business - ZDNet Australia ] ] for $3.7 million. In this same year the distributors ABS Multimedia, Arcadia and the Swiss Gamecity GmbH were acquired. [ [http://www.claimexam.com/links/Done/accolade.htm Portail d'informations ] ] http://corporate.infogrames.com/uk/download/reports/infogrames_entertainment_annual_report_99_00.pdf]
In 1999 IESA bought
Gremlin Interactivefor $40 million, renaming it to "Infogrames Sheffield House" but closed it down in 2003 [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CGN/is_1999_March_25/ai_54207493 Infogrames Buys UK Games Company Gremlin | Computergram International | Find Articles at BNET.com ] ] . In the same year IESA also bought Accolade for $60 million [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CGN/is_1999_April_20/ai_54426666 France's Infogrames Grows in US With $60m Accolade Buy | Computergram International | Find Articles at BNET.com ] ] [ [http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/vidgame/vid1999.htm Chronology of Video Game Systems (1999) ] ] and Beam Software, later renamed to "Infogrames Melbourne House Pty Ltd" [http://www.mobygames.com/company/krome-studios-melbourne MobyGames - Krome Studios Melbourne ] ] .
Acquisition of GT Interactive
Then in December 1999, IESA made one of the most expensive acquisitions in the company's history. Infogrames bought 70% of
GT Interactivefor $135 million, and assumed the new subsidiary's $75 million bank debt. By June 2000 Infogrames had invested another $30 million in GT Interactive[ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE2D9133DF935A25752C1A96F958260 Infogrames Gets Control of GT Interactive - New York Times ] ] . IESA justified the purchase by stating that GT Interactiveprovided Infogrames with a "distribution network for all of its products in the United States, as well as a catalog of products that includes Driver, Oddworld, Unreal Tournamentand Deer Hunter".
Included in the
GT Interactivepurchase were the game development studios Humongous Entertainment[ [http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/GT-Interactive-Software-Company-History.html GT Interactive Software - Company History ] ] , Legend Entertainment[ [http://www.amazon.com/dp/1592004938 Amazon.com: Game Design, Second Edition: Bob Bates: Books ] ] and Reflections Interactive. [ [http://www.atnewyork.com/news/article.php/249211 Gt Interactive Hires Disney Honcho, Raises Cash ] ]
GT Interactive became Infogrames, Inc. [http://corporate.infogrames.com/MT-3.34-en/mt-static/FCKeditor/UserFiles/File/DOCDEREF05_06GB.pdf Microsoft Word - couverture_GB.doc ] ]
Acquisition of Hasbro Interactive
In January 2001, IESA purchased
Hasbro Interactiveand the handheld game console" Game.com" from Hasbrofor $100 million; with $95 million as 4.5 million common shares of Infogrames and $5 million in cash. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F00E4DC1E3FF933A05752C0A9679C8B63&n=Top/News/Business/Companies/Hasbro%20Inc. Company News; Hasbro Completes Sale Of Interactive Business - New York Times ] ] [http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=68329&p=irol-newsArticle_Print&ID=137281&highlight= Press Release ] ]
With the acquisition of Hasbro Interactive, which was renamed as Infogrames Interactive, Inc, [http://www.allgame.com/cg/agg.dll?p=agg&sql=3:23597 allgame ((( Atari Interactive, Inc. > Overview ))) ] ] [ [http://www.faqs.org/faqs/atari-8-bit/faq/section-85.html 11.2) What is the History of Atari? ] ] IESA became the owner of:
Also under the terms of the sale agreement, Infogrames gained the exclusive rights to develop and publish games based on Hasbro properties, which included
Dungeons and Dragons, Mr. Potato Head, My Little Ponyand others, for a period of 15 years plus an option for an additional 5 years based on performance.
Eden Games and Shiny Entertainment
In 2002 IESA acquired the remaining 80% of
game development studio Eden Games[ [http://www.gamespot.com/ps2/driving/vrally3/news.html?sid=2860904 Infogrames buys Eden Studios - PlayStation 2 News at GameSpot ] ] for $4.1 million and Shiny Entertainmentfor $47 million. With the Shiny Entertainment acquisition, IESA obtained the rights to develop and publish Enter the Matrixwhich was the first game based on The Matrixfilms and sold more than 5 million copies. [ [http://pc.gamezone.com/news/04_25_02_01_49PM.htm Infogrames Acquires both Shiny Entertainment and Exclusive Matrix License - PC News ] ]
In October 2001, IESA relaunched the
Ataribrand when Atari Interactive, Inc., at that time a wholly owned subsidiary of Infogrames Interactive, Inc., released "MXrider" [http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/05/07/infogrames_rechristens_itself_atari/] . On May 7, 2003, IESA officially reorganized its Infogrames Inc. [ [http://www.secinfo.com/dsvr4.28Z7.htm SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-KT - For 3/31/03 ] ] US subsidiary as a separate Nasdaqlisted company known as Atari Inc., named its European operations as AtariEurope, renamed Infogrames Interactive, Inc. to Atari Interactive, Inc., (a wholly-owned subsidiary of IESA) [http://biz.yahoo.com/e/070918/atar10-k.html Summary of ATARI INC - Yahoo! Finance ] ] , rebranded Infogrames Australia Pty Ltd as Atari AustraliaPty Ltd , renamed Infogrames Melbourne House Pty Ltd to Atari Melbourne House Pty Ltd , Infogrames UK became Atari UK, while IESA became a holding company[ [http://corporate.infogrames.com/infogramesgb/2007/04/atari.php Infogrames GB ] ] .
Atari Inc. is a public company that, as of 2007, has as majority stockholder the company California U.S. Holdings, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of IESA. [http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/071008/nym115.html?.v=80] Atari Inc. licences the "
Atari" trademark from Atari Interactive, Inc., a license which will expire in 2013.
Atari Inc. has the rights to publish and sublicense in North America certain intellectual properties either owned or licensed by IESA or its subsidiaries, including
Atari Interactive, Inc.
In the fiscal year of 2002 IESA had a net loss of $67 million on revenues of $650 million, and in 2003 the net losses increased to $89 million.In 2006 IESA reported a net loss of $201 million on revenues of $525 million, and debts of around $290 million. From 1999 to 2006 IESA accumulated losses totaling €500 million.
In 2004 Infogrames sold the rights to the "Civilization" franchise to
Take-Two Interactivefor $22.3 million [ [http://www.gamespot.com/pc/strategy/civilizationiv/news.html?sid=6117117 Take-Two takes over Civilization - PC News at GameSpot ] ] and closed down Legend Entertainment[ [http://www.gamespot.com/pc/action/unrealiise/news_6086665.html Atari closes Legend Entertainment - PC News at GameSpot ] ] studios. In June 2005, Infogrames sold back to Hasbrothe digital rights to all Hasbro properties including The Transformers, My Little Ponyand Connect Fourfor $65 million. [ [http://www.gamespot.com/news/6127273.html Atari locks down D&D; Hasbro buys back Transformers - PC News at GameSpot ] ]
On April 2006 Infogrames' founding chairman
Bruno Bonnellleft the company after 24 years; on the day of the announcement of his departure IESA's shares jumped 24%. [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/technology-media-telco-SP/idUSL052812320070405 Infogrames shares shine after chairman leaves | Reuters ] ] After his resignation, Infogrames through the remainder of 2006 sold intellectual properties and some studios in order to raise cash and stave off the threat of bankruptcy. [ [http://www.gamedaily.com/articles/features/atari-to-sell-off-studios-in-turnaround-attempt/68582/ Video Game Features, PC Game Features ] ]
In May 2006 IESA sold the rights to the games Stuntman to
THQand Timeshiftto Saber Interactive. The sales generated $13 million in revenue. THQ also bought developer Paradigm Entertainmentfrom IESA [ [http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=16870 THQ buys Paradigm and Stuntman // News // GamesIndustry.biz ] ] . In July 2006 IESA sold the game developer Reflections Interactiveand the rights to the Driver franchise for $21.6 million to Ubisoft. [http://www.gamespot.com/news/6161434.html Cost-cutting puts Atari in black-barely - Xbox 360 News at GameSpot ] ] In October, Shiny Entertainment was acquired by Foundation 9 Entertainmentfor $1.6 million. [ [http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=11093 Foundation 9 Acquires Shiny From Atari] , "GamaSutra", October 2, 2006] In November of the same year Atari Melbourne House was sold to Krome Studiosand renamed to Krome Studios Melbourne.
In 2007 Infogrames fired the majority of Atari's directors and laid off 20% of its workforce. For the 2006-2007 fiscal year Atari posted a net loss of $70 million. [ [http://www.gamespot.com/news/6180598.html Infogrames overhauls Atari's board - News at GameSpot ] ]
March 6, 2008, Infogrames made an offer to Atari Inc. to buy out all remaining public shares for a value of US$1.68 per share or US$11 million total. The offer would make Infogrames sole owner of Atari Inc., making it a privately held company. http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/080306/nyth121.html?.v=101]
April 30, 2008, Atari Inc. announced its intentions to accept Infogrames' buyout offer and merge with Infogrames. http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/080430/nyw164.html?.v=1]
* [http://www.crystalsquid.com/ Crystal Squid] Indie game developer started by ex Infogrames employees.
Moonpod[http://www.moonpod.com/] Indie game developer started by ex Infogrames employees.
Sumo Digital[http://www.sumo-digital.com/] software development company started by ex Infogrames employees.
History of computer and video game companies
* [http://www.mobygames.com/company/atari-inc "Atari"] profile on
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Infogrames — Entertainment Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN … Deutsch Wikipedia
Infogrames — Entertainment SA Acrónimo IESA Fundación 1983 Fundador(es) Bruno Bonnell y Christophe Sapet Sede París … Wikipedia Español
Infogrames — Logo de Infogrames Création Juin 1983 Dates clés 7 mai 2003 : reprend le nom Atari … Wikipédia en Français
Infogrames — Содержание 1 История 2 Разработанные игры 3 Изданные игры 4 … Википедия
Infogrames — Fundada en 1983 por Bruno Bonnell y Christophe Sapet, Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) es una empresa francesa con sede en Lyon (Francia) dedicada a la producción y distribución de videojuegos. Desde el 7 de mayo de 2003 comercializa sus… … Enciclopedia Universal
Infogrames Entertainment, SA — Infogrames Entertainment SA Тип … Википедия
Infogrames Sheffield House — Gremlin Graphics Software Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gremlin. Logo de Gremlin Graphics … Wikipédia en Français
Atari, Inc (Infogrames) — Infobox Company company name=Atari, Inc. company company type=Public (nasdaq|ATAR) foundation=2003 as Atari Inc. (formerly Infogrames Inc./GT Interactive) location city=New York, N.Y. location country=U.S. key people=Jim Wilson, CEO Diane Price… … Wikipedia
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Atari Europe — Infogrames Logo de Infogrames Entertainment SA Création 1983 Dates clés 2003 : reprend le nom Atari … Wikipédia en Français