4-beat


4-beat

Infobox Music genre
name=4-beat (AKA happy hardcore)
bgcolor=silver
color=black
stylistic_origins= Breakbeat hardcore, Italo house
cultural_origins=1993, England
instruments=Synthesizer – Drum machine – Sequencer – Keyboard – Sampler
popularity=Small
derivatives=Happy hardcore (1995),
UK Hardcore (1999)
subgenrelist=List of electronic music genres
subgenres=
fusiongenres=Bouncy techno (1995-96)
regional_scenes=
other_topics=Electronic musical instrument – Computer music

4-beat (also known as hardcore or happy hardcore) is a breakbeat style of music that emerged around 1993. It evolved from breakbeat hardcore emanating from the United Kingdom rave scene. Due to the sheer scale of the United Kingdom rave scene, the popularity this particular music was largely limited to England where it almost in its entirety was produced and played.

Breakbeat hardcore was originally referred to a simply "hardcore" by ravers in England. As such, this evolved style was also alternatively known as "hardcore" or "happy hardcore" — the latter meaning a happier variant of this aforementioned breakbeat styled hardcore, thus happy hardcore (i.e. "happy breakbeat"). Darkcore was the short lived counter-movement to "happy" that occurred at the same time.

The name happy hardcore should "not" be confused with other things that are also referred to as happy hardcore, as that term is much shared (and overused) across the world to describe different sounding things that have their own development.

Also in this article, 4-beat is not a musical term commonly used to describe a drum beat time signature found in most types of modern music, but is rather a specific name used to describe a breakbeat music style.

Characteristics

Individual nicknames of DJs rather than recording under a band name would be common. These same artists would be widely found DJing on the English rave circuit. These individual artists would also collaborate with other individuals under joint releases with "&" or "versus" designations.

Much like its hardcore predecessor, there was a number of uncredited white labels released, created by unknown producers.

Typical characteristics for 4-beat are for compositions to be around a tempo of 150 to 170 BPM (beats per minute). At the core of these compositions would be a fast looped, sometimes complex rolling sampled breakbeat, along with a combined bass drum every four beats to the bar - hence the name of 4-beat.

These rolling chopped breakbeats were not too dissimilar to those found in jungle music. A deep sub bassline could also be found to work with the breakbeats, though not as prominent as found in jungle. Both 4-beat and jungle styles would be common under one roof at raves during the early-to-mid-1990s.

Tracks would have a somewhat basic keyed happy sounding chord before bursting into an Italo house inspired catchy piano melody. This would be the hook of the record, where rave crowds would respond by making noise by blowing whistles or air horns. This could be accompanied by weeping and uplifting strings.

If any vocals were used, they would certainly be female and likely be just short several second parts sampled from other records. In most cases these would not be performed by a vocalist paid to perform many lyrics.

High pitched samples due to the fast tempo of tracks could be found in this music but not in every release. It's deemed more of a stereotype associated to this style.

Due to other influences - largely to the bouncy techno style - its inherent breakbeats and sub basslines would later become surplus to requirements by 1996.

Terminology

4-beat

Whilst ambiguous as a term, 4-beat only indicated that this style - unlike jungle music and its earlier breakbeat hardcore predecessor - used a common if somewhat insignificant four beats to the bar bass drum complementing the obligatory breakbeats. 4-beat does not mean it was void of breakbeats - a common error assumed by most.

"Artists at the forefront of this style refused to call the style "happy hardcore", rather they used the "4-beat" term. DJ Seduction - a leading English producer since 1991 - said that, "House led to hardcore, which led to Drum N Bass and 4-beat (I hate calling it Happy Hardcore)" in a 1995 interview."Fact|date=July 2007

Several record labels including Impact, Techstep Records (London) and United Dance Recordings, displayed the 4-beat logo on their artwork alongside the "recognised form of 4-beat" slogan. This logo may also have been used on records to easily distinguish this and jungle music in record shops.

Happy hardcore

In England, hardcore was the terminology used to describe their breakbeat driven rave music style of the early 1990s, with happy being used to distinguish the happier variant of this breakbeat hardcore music, thus happy hardcore (i.e. "happy breakbeat"). This term was however less favoured by producers creating this music who instead used 4-beat or even just plain hardcore. Darkcore was the short lived counter movement to happy that occurred at the same time.

"DJ Sy - another artist at the forefront of this movement - said, ""happy" hardcore (what a f***ing stupid name - always makes me think of "nappy" hardcore) of '94 onwards..." [ [http://www.backtotheoldskool.co.uk/dj_sy_interview.htm DJ SY Interview] ]

elected 4-beat information

Artists

*DJ Brisk
*DJ Fade
*DJ Pooch
*DJ Seduction
*DJ Sy
*DJ Dougal
*Eruption
*DJ Ham
*Happy Tunes
*Question Mark
*Ramos
*Supreme & Sunset Regime
*Slipmatt
*Vibes
*Wishdokta

DJs

*DJ Seduction
*DJ Sy
*Dougal
*Mixmatt
*Ramos
*Slipmatt
*Vibes
*Vinylgroover
*Robbie Long

Raves

*Amnesia House
*Dreamscape
*ESP
*Helter Skelter
*Hysteria

Record labels

*Impact
*Just Another Label
*Knitebreed
*Kniteforce
*Man From Uncle Records
*Pure Dance Recordings
*Techstep Records (London)
*Question Mark
*Quosh
*United Dance Recordings
*Universal Records

Releases

*SMD - #1 (SMD, SD01, 1993)
*Dougal & Vibes - Feel Free (Dougal & Vibes, DAV1, 1994)
*Seduction & Dougal - It's Not Over (Impact, IMP 028, 1994)

References

ee also

* Breakbeat hardcore

External links

* [http://www.ush.net/ United States of Hardcore] - UK based hardcore music website
* [http://www.happyhardcore.com HappyHardcore.com] - Hardcore music website and radio


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beat It — Single par Michael Jackson extrait de l’album Thriller Face B Burn This Disco Out (R U) / Get on the Floor Sortie Février 1983 Enregistrement 1982 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beat — may refer to: * Battery (crime), contact on another person in a manner likely to cause bodily harm * Beating upMusic* Beat (music), a pulse of sound that marks the metre or rhythm of a piece of music * Beatmatching, the aligning of the tempos of… …   Wikipedia

  • Beat generation — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beatnik (homonymie). La Beat Generation est un mouvement littéraire et artistique née dans les années 1950, aux États Unis. Le terme de « Beat Generation » fut employé pour la première fois en 1948 par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beat génération — Beat generation Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beatnik (homonymie). La Beat Generation est un mouvement littéraire et artistique née dans les années 1950, aux États Unis. Le terme de « Beat Generation » fut employé pour la première… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beat it — Single par Michael Jackson extrait de l’album Thriller Face B Burn this Disco Out Sortie Février 1983 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beat — (b[=e]t), v. t. [imp. {Beat}; p. p. {Beat}, {Beaten}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Beating}.] [OE. beaten, beten, AS. be[ a]tan; akin to Icel. bauta, OHG. b[=o]zan. Cf. 1st {Butt}, {Button}.] 1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beat — (b[=e]t), v. t. [imp. {Beat}; p. p. {Beat}, {Beaten}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Beating}.] [OE. beaten, beten, AS. be[ a]tan; akin to Icel. bauta, OHG. b[=o]zan. Cf. 1st {Butt}, {Button}.] 1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beat — (b[=e]t), v. t. [imp. {Beat}; p. p. {Beat}, {Beaten}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Beating}.] [OE. beaten, beten, AS. be[ a]tan; akin to Icel. bauta, OHG. b[=o]zan. Cf. 1st {Butt}, {Button}.] 1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beat It — Michael Jackson Veröffentlichung 26. Februar 1983 Länge 4:17 Genre(s) Pop Autor(en) Michael Jackson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Beat'em all — Beat them all Le beat them all (ou beat em all, de l anglais « battez les tous », aussi appelé parfois scrolling fighter) est un type de jeu vidéo opposant un ou deux joueurs à un nombre important d ennemis. Le principe du jeu est d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beat'em up — Beat them all Le beat them all (ou beat em all, de l anglais « battez les tous », aussi appelé parfois scrolling fighter) est un type de jeu vidéo opposant un ou deux joueurs à un nombre important d ennemis. Le principe du jeu est d… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.