Jean Bernard (physician)


Jean Bernard (physician)

Infobox Scientist
name = Jean Bernard
box_width =


image_width =150px
caption = Jean Bernard
birth_date = May 26, 1907
birth_place = Paris
death_date = April 17, 2006
death_place = Paris
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = French
ethnicity =
field = physician haematologist
work_institutions = Pasteur Institute
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences = Gaston Ramon
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Jean A. Bernard (May 26, 1907, ParisApril 17, 2006, Paris) was a French physician and haematologist. He was professor of haematology and director of the Institute for Leukaemia at the University of Paris. After graduating in medicine in Paris in 1926 he commenced his laboratory training with the bacteriologist Gaston Ramon at the Pasteur Institute in 1929.

In 1932 Bernard gave the first description of the use of high dosage radiotherapy in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease. Bernard's research has ranged from the demonstration of neoplastic nature of leukaemia (1933-1937) to the formulation of methods of treatment. Bernard gave his name to Bernard's syndrome and Bernard-Soulier syndrome. In all, Bernard published 14 textbooks and monographs on haematology. [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/1860.html]

During the German occupation of France, Bernard was active in the French resistance. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/21/AR2006042101834.html]

He was elected at the Académie Française on March 18, 1976.

In 1981 he was elected as a member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in the Department of Medical Sciences. In 1983, he was awarded the Artois-Baillet Latour Health Prize.

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Degos
first=Laurent
authorlink=
year=2006
month=Sep
title=Jean Bernard. Medicine, science, humanity
journal=Haematologica
volume=91
issue=9
pages=1163-4
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 16956813
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Harousseau
first=Jean-Luc
authorlink=
year=2006
month=Jul
title= [Jean Bernard.]
journal=Bulletin du cancer
volume=93
issue=7
pages=659
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 16873073
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Bernard
first=J
authorlink=
year=2000
month=Dec
title= [Congential thrombocytic hemorrhagic dystrophy]
journal=La Revue du praticien
volume=50
issue=20
pages=2213-5
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11217121
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Golliet
first=P
authorlink=
coauthors=Binet J L
year=1983
month=
title= [2 blood historians, or response of Lucien Lévy-Bruhl and Wifredo Lam to Jean Bernard]
journal=Nouvelle revue française d'hématologie
volume=25
issue=5
pages=337-341
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 6361692
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Stavem
first=P
authorlink=
year=1978
month=Mar
title=Acute hypergranular promyelocytic leukaemia. Priority of discovery (Jean Bernard and Leif Hillestad)
journal=Scandinavian journal of haematology
volume=20
issue=3
pages=287-8
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 347564
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Pavlovsky
first=A
authorlink=
year=1977
month=
title= [Jean Bernard and Argentinian hematology]
journal=Nouvelle revue française d'hématologie; blood cells
volume=18
issue=2
pages=451-3
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 335358
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Escoffier-Lambiotte
first=C
authorlink=
year=1977
month=
title= [Jean Bernard, doctor and philosopher of science]
journal=Nouvelle revue française d'hématologie; blood cells
volume=18
issue=2
pages=441-4
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 335357
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Gaertner
first=H
authorlink=
year=1976
month=
title= [Professor Jean Bernard elected member of the Académie Francaise]
journal=Acta haematologica Polonica
volume=7
issue=1
pages=64
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 766553
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Castaigne
first=P
authorlink=
year=1975
month=Jun
title= [Our friend Jean Bernard]
journal=La Revue du praticien
volume=25
issue=34
pages=2691, 1714
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 1099643
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

External links

* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/21/AR2006042101834.html "Washington Post" "Leading French Medical Pioneer Dies at 98" April 21 2006 accessed April 22 2006]
* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/1860.html Who Named It Jean Bernard]
* [http://www.academie-francaise.fr/immortels/index.html L'Académie française]


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