Superessive case


Superessive case

The Superessive case is a grammatical declension indicating location on top of something or on the surface of something. Its name comes from Latin "supersum, superesse": to be over and above.

While most languages communicate this concept through the use of adpositions, there are some, such as Hungarian which make use of cases for this grammatical structure.

An example in Hungarian: "a könyveken" means "on the books", literally "the books-on".

In Finnish, superessive is a type of adverb. For example:

"kaikkialla" means "everywhere" (literally "everything-at")

"täällä" means "(at) here" (from "tämä" - "this", lit. "at this place")


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • superessive case — noun Noun case used to indicate location on an object. In English, it roughly corresponds to the prepositions on or on top of, as in on top of the house. Hungarian is a language that uses the superessive case …   Wiktionary

  • superessive — I. |süpə|resiv adjective Etymology: super + essive (as in inessive) of a grammatical case : denoting position or location on or upon II. noun ( s) : the superessive case or a word in it …   Useful english dictionary

  • superessive — noun the superessive case, a grammatical declension used, chiefly in Hungarian, to indicate location on top of something or on the surface of something …   Wiktionary

  • case — Synonyms and related words: Bible truth, Smyth sewing, abessive, ablative, absolute fact, accepted fact, accusative, action, actual fact, adessive, admitted fact, afghan, alien, allative, ammunition box, anyhow, anyway, apoplectic, approximative …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Locative case — Locative (also called the seventh case ) is a grammatical case which indicates a location. It corresponds vaguely to the English prepositions in , on , at , and by . The locative case belongs to the general local cases together with the lative… …   Wikipedia

  • Grammatical case — Grammatical categories Animacy Aspect Case Clusivity Definiteness Degree of comparison Evidentiality …   Wikipedia

  • Vocative case — For the assembly programming concept, see Addressing mode. The vocative case (abbreviated voc) is the case used for a noun identifying the person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed and/or occasionally the determiners of that noun. A vocative… …   Wikipedia

  • Accusative case — The accusative case (abbreviated acc) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. The same case is used in many languages for the objects of (some or all) prepositions. It is a noun that is having… …   Wikipedia

  • Dative case — The dative case (abbreviated dat, or sometimes d when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given, as in George gave Jamie a drink . In general, the dative marks the indirect object… …   Wikipedia

  • Nominative case — The nominative case (abbreviated nom) is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.