Dushinsky (Hasidic dynasty)


Dushinsky (Hasidic dynasty)

Dushinsky is one of the few Hasidic dynasties not named after the place where it originated; instead, it is named after the surname of the Rebbe. It is a relatively new dynasty, as are many of the dynasties originating in Hungary. However, the Dushinsky dynasty truly became a dynasty in Jerusalem, where it is centered today. It is not like other Hasidic groups in that it does not originate from a Hasidic background, but from the talmidim (students) of the Chasam Sofer.

Contents

Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky (1865-1948), the Maharitz

Grand Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, (1865-1948)

The founder of the Dushinsky dynasty was Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, son of Rabbi Yisroel Dushinsky. He was a disciple of Rabbi Simcha Bunim Sofer (Shevet Sofer), one of the grandchildren of the Chasam Sofer.

After his marriage to the daughter of Rabbi Mordechai Winkler, author of Levushei Mordechai, Rabbi Dushinsky became the chief rabbi in Galanta, Slovakia. In an epidemic during the First World War his first wife died childless and he subsequently remarried Esther Neuhaus, daughter of Rabbi Yoel Tzvi Neuhaus. He relocated to the town of Chust, where he assumed the position of chief rabbi. In 1921, a son, Yisroel Moshe was born.

In 1930, the Dushinsky family moved to the British Mandate of Palestine, settling in Jerusalem. Shortly after in 1932 came the death of the chief rabbi and founder of the Edah HaChareidis, Rabbi Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, leader of the Haredi community of Jerusalem. Rabbi Dushinsky was appointed as his successor. He founded a community of Hungarian Jews in Jerusalem, affiliated with the Perushim section of the Edah HaChareidis.

Rabbi Dushinsky was known for his strong opposition to Zionism, and spoke to the newly-formed United Nations against the creation of the Zionist State. Rabbi Dushinsky died on the eve of Sukkos, 14th of Tishrei 1948, shortly after the founding of the State of Israel. He was succeeded by Rabbi Zelig Reuven Bengis.

Books written by him, or based on his work, include:

  • Shut Maharitz (halachic responsa)
  • Toras Maharitz (Chumash commentary)
  • Chiddushei Maharitz (Gemara commentary)

Yisrael Moshe Dushinsky (1921-2003), the Maharim

Rabbi Yosef Tzvi’s son Yisrael Moshe inherited his father’s position as Grand Rabbi of the Dushinsky community, and in turn also became the Chief Rabbi of the Edah HaChareidis. Under his leadership the Dushinsky community was steered towards chassidus. Rabbi Yisroel Moshe died in 2003 and was succeeded by Rabbi Yitzchok Tuvia Weiss as Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem and by his son, Rabbi Yosef Tzvi, as the present Grand Rabbi of Dushinsky.

Dushinsky today

A famous student of Rabbi Yisroel Moshe, Rabbi Avrohom Yitzchok Ulman, is one of the members of the Rabbinical Court (Badatz) which leads the Edah HaChareidis. He also leads his own beis din, and is highly respected in Dushinsky, where he is regarded as the second most important person after the Rebbe.

In 2005 a new large synagogue was inaugurated. It was built behind the old building, on Shmuel HaNavi Street, and seats hundreds. The bochurim (unmarried young men) sit in a first-level balcony-like room, while only married men and their pre-bar mitzvah children sit in the main shul. Above the bochurim's balcony is another balcony for the women. The main synagogue is only used on Shabbos and holidays; on weekdays, a complex of four also brand-new smaller synagogues (shtiblach) in the basement of the building are used. The old synagogue, on the first floor of the old building, is now used for tishen.

Rebbe Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, the present leader of the movement, has appointed his younger brother, Rabbi Mordechai Yehuda Dushinsky, as rabbi of the Dushinsky community in the all-Haredi Beit Shemesh neighbourhood of Ramat Beit Shemesh Bet. Aside from the Dushinsky communities in Jerusalem and Ramat Beit Shemesh, there are also smaller communities in Elad, New York's Boro Park district, and London. In 2007, new Dushinsky synagogues were built in London and in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York, and building began for a new Talmud Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh Bet, in addition to the recently completed synagogue there. There are also a number of Dushinsky chassidim in Antwerp; however, there is no Dushinsky synagogue there.

Dushinsky minhagim

Dushinsky has several special minhagim (customs), in things such as the style of dress and the nusach used. The nusach used, called nusach Maharitz, is a mix of nusach Ashkenaz and nusach Sefard. This is not only the case with Shemoneh Esrei, but also with other elements of prayer: for example, between Kabbolos Shabbos and Maariv on Friday night, both Bameh Madlikin and Kegavno are said, and on Sukkos, the lulav is shaken both according to the nusach Ashkenaz and nusach Sefard minhagim. Tachanun is said according to nusach Ashkenaz. No vidui is said at Mincha, as per nusach Ashkenaz. However, Kaddish and Kedushoh are said according to nusach Sefard, and Boruch she'omar is said after Hodu.

Books held in high regard are the works of the Chasam Sofer, the book Shevet Sofer, and the collections of Torah commentaries by the previous rebbes: Toras Maharitz and Toras Maharim. The study of mystical works is regarded as secondary to studying Halacha and Gemara.

Regarding Zionism, the book Vayoel Moshe, written by Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum of Satmar, is regarded as authoritative and received a praising recommendation from both the previous Rebbe (the Maharim) and Rav Avrohom Yitzchok Ulman when a new edition was printed in 2002.

Lineage of the Dushinsky dynasty

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky
(1865-1948)
The Maharitz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky
(1921-2003)
The Maharim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky
Dushinsky Rebbe of Jerusalem
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mordechai Yehudah Dushinsky
Rabbi of Dushinsky in Ramat Beit Shemesh
Replace this image male.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mezhbizh (Hasidic dynasty) — This article is about the Hasidic dynasty of Mezhbizh, descended from the Baal Shem Tov. For the Mezhbizh branch of Hasidic dynasty of Apt, see Apta (Hasidic dynasty). For the non Hasidic rabbinic dynasty of Mezhbizh, see Rapoport Bick (rabbinic… …   Wikipedia

  • Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty) — Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the Meor Einayim ([the] light/brightness [of the [eyes]. The dynasty is named after the Ukrainian town of Chernobyl, where… …   Wikipedia

  • Cleveland (Hasidic dynasty) — The residence and shul of the first Clevelander Rebbe on Massie Avenue …   Wikipedia

  • Nadvorna (Hasidic dynasty) — The tombstone of Rebbe Issamar of Nadvorna on the Mount of Olives This file is a candidate for speedy deletion. It may be deleted after Tuesday, 22 November 2011. Nadvorna is a Hasidic rabbinical dynasty within Orthodox Judaism. The dynasty… …   Wikipedia

  • Chortkov (Hasidic dynasty) — The hasidic synagogue in Chortkov Chortkov (also Chortkow, Tshortkov, Czortkow) is a Hasidic dynasty that originated in Chortkov, present day Ukraine. It had a large following before the Second World War, but most of its adherents perished in the …   Wikipedia

  • Ozharov (Hasidic dynasty) — The Ozerov Hasidic dynasty is a Hasidic group that began in 1827 when Rabbi Yehudah Leib Epstein, Rabbi of Ożarów in Poland since 1811, assumed leadership of his Hasidim ( disciples ). Rabbi Epstein was a disciple of the Seer of Lublin, the Holy… …   Wikipedia

  • Makarov (Hasidic dynasty) — Makarov is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by the Rebbe Menachem Nochum Twerski of the Chernobyl dynasty. Makarov is the Yiddish name of Makariv, a town in present day Ukraine. Lineage Rebbe Menachem Nochum Twerski of Makarov (1805–1851),… …   Wikipedia

  • Chentshin (Hasidic dynasty) — Chentshin is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by the Rebbe Chayim Shmuel Szternfeld. Chentshin is the Yiddish name of Chęciny, a town in present day Poland. Rebbe Szternfeld was a descendant of the Chozeh of Lublin. He was known for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Novominsk (Hasidic dynasty) — Novominsk is the name of a Hasidic dynasty originating in Mińsk Mazowiecki, Poland and currently based in the United States. It also runs a yeshiva knows Yeshivas Novominsk Kol Yehuda. It is presently led by its Rebbe, Rabbi Yaakov Perlow who… …   Wikipedia

  • Dombrov (Hasidic dynasty) — Dombrov is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Mordechai Dovid Unger (c. 1770 1846). Dombrov is the Yiddish name of Dąbrowa Tarnowska, a town in present day Poland. Contents 1 History 2 Lineage 2.1 Lineage of the Unger Family …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.