Certification


Certification

Certification refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person, or organization. This confirmation is often, but not always, provided by some form of external review, education, assessment, or audit. Accreditation is a specific organization's process of certification.

Contents

Types

One of the most common types of certification in modern society is professional certification, where a person is certified as being able to competently complete a job or task, usually by the passing of an examination.

There are two general types of professional certification: some are valid for a lifetime, once the exam is passed. Others have to be recertified again after a certain period of time. Also, certifications can differ within a profession by the level or specific area of expertise they refer to. For example, in the IT Industry there are different certifications available for software tester, project manager, and developer. Similarly, the Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology offers three certifications in the same profession, but with increasing complexity.

Certification does not refer to the state of legally being able to practice or work in a profession. That is licensure. Usually, licensure is administered by a governmental entity for public protection purposes and a professional association administers certification. Licensure and certification are similar in that they both require the demonstration of a certain level of knowledge or ability.

Another common type of certification in modern society is product certification. This refers to processes intended to determine if a product meets minimum standards, similar to quality assurance.

Third-party certification

In first-party certification, an individual or organization providing the good or service offers assurance that it meets certain claims. In second-party certification, an association to which the individual or organization belongs provides the assurance.[1] Third-party certification involves an independent assessment declaring that specified requirements pertaining to a product, person, process or management system have been met.[2]

Certification in software testing

For software testing the certifications can be grouped into exam-based and education-based. Exam-based certifications: For this there is the need to pass an exam, which can also be learned by self-study: e.g. for International Software Testing Qualifications Board Certified Tester by the International Software Testing Qualifications Board [3] or Certified Software Tester by QAI or Certified Software Quality Engineer by American Society for Quality. Education-based certifications are the instructor-led sessions, where each course has to be passed, e.g. Certified Software Test Professional or Certified Software Test Professional by International Institute for Software Testing. [4]

Types of certification

References

External links


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  • certification — CERTIFICATION. s. f. Terme de Palais. Assurance par écrit, que l on donne ou que l on reçoit en matière d affaires. Sa certification est au bas de la promesse d un tel. Certification de caution. Certification de criées …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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  • Certification — Cer ti*fi*ca tion, n. [L. certificatio: cf. F. certification.] The act of certifying. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • certification — early 15c., from M.L. certificationem (nom. certificatio), noun of action from pp. stem of certificare (see CERTIFY (Cf. certify)) …   Etymology dictionary

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