Quimper, Finistère


Quimper, Finistère

French commune
nomcommune=Quimper
native_name=Kemper


caption=The Odet River in the centre of Quimper


x=21
y=92
lat_long=coord|47|59|48|N|4|05|47|W|region:FR_type:city
région=Bretagne
département=Finistère
arrondissement=Quimper
canton=
insee=29232
cp=29000
maire=Bernard Poignant
mandat=2008-2014
intercomm=Quimper
alt moy=6 m
alt mini=-5
alt maxi=151 m
hectares=8445
km²=84.45
sans=63,238
date-sans=1999
dens=749
date-dens=1999

Quimper (Breton: "Kemper", Latin: "Corspotium") is a commune and capital of the Finistère department in Bretagne in northwestern France.

Its inhabitants are called "Quimpérois".

Administration

Quimper is the prefecture (capital) of the Finistère department.

Geography

The name "Quimper" comes from the Breton "kemper" "confluent" because the city was built on the confluence of the Steir, Odet and Jet rivers. It is at the intersection of Route National 165, D785, D765 and D783, 34 miles northwest of Lorient, 111 miles west of Rennes and 303 miles west-southwest of Paris.

History

Quimper is the ancient capital of La Cornouaille, Brittany’s most traditional region, and has a distinctive Breton character. Shops and flags celebrating the region's Celtic heritage can be found throughout the city. Quimper was originally settled during Roman times. By AD 495, the town had become a Bishopric. It subsequently became the capital of the counts of Cornouailles. In the 11th century, it was united with the Duchy of Brittany. During the civil wars of the 14th century, the town suffered considerable ruin. In 1364, the duchy passed to the House of Montfort.

The town has a rustic atmosphere with footbridges spanning the rivers that flow through it. The Church of Locmaria, a Romanesque structure, dates from the 11th century. The Cathedral of Saint-Corentin, with its Gothic-style façade, was constructed between the 13th and 16th centuries. It is the oldest Gothic structure in lower Brittany. Its two towers are 250 feet tall; its spires were added in the 19th century. The 15th century stained glass windows are exceptional. The cathedral is dedicated to Quimper's first bishop, Corentin.

To the cathedral's west are the pedestrianized streets of Vieux Quimper with a wide array of crêperies, half-timbered houses and shops. Near the Episcopal palace, which now holds the Musée départemental Breton (devoted to regional history, archaeology, ethnology and economy) are the ruins of the town's 15th century walls. Nearby is the Musée des Beaux-Arts. The museum has a 19th century façade and an entirely rebuilt interior. It houses a collection of 14th to 21st century paintings that includes works by Boucher, Corot, Oudry and Rubens along with canvases by such Pont-Aven School painters as Bernard, Denis, Lacombe, Maufra and Paul Sérusier.

The town's best known product is Quimper faïence pottery. It has been made here since 1690, using bold provincial designs of Jean-Baptiste Bousquet. The town’s eating establishments boast some of the best crêpes and cider in Brittany. The town has also been known for copper and bronze work, food items, galvanized ironware, hosiery, leather, paper and woollen goods.

Education

Quimper has several schools, under which two Diwan preschools, two Diwan primary schools and one Diwan collège. In total, 287 students attended here a Diwan school in 2003-2004. [fr icon [http://www.diwanbreizh.org/sections.php4?op=viewarticle&artid=25 Diwan en chiffres] ]

Winter Festival

Most French festivals are held in the summer season, but Quimper has a Winter Festival: "Les Hivernautes". In the summer, you can also find concerts on street corners, with pipers and accordion players. [ [http://www.frenchpropertylinks.com/brittany/finistere/quimper.htm Quimper Property Guide] ]

Main sights

* the Roman Catholic cathedral of Saint-Corentin. This cathedral has a remarkable bend in its middle.
* churches (Locmaria, Saint-Mathieu, Kerfeunteun, Ergue-Armel...)
* an old town centre with mediaeval fortifications and houses
* Musée des Beaux-Arts (near the cathedral)
* Cornouaille Festival: traditional dance (last week of July)
* Faience museum
* Statue of Gradlon looking in the direction of Ys, in the Saint Corentin Cathedral

Transport

Public transport in Quimper is provided by [http://www.qub.fr QUB] . The network consists of 7 urban bus routes, and 16 suburban bus routes. During the summer months of July and August, an additional "beach" bus route is open to service.

Quimper is the terminus of the TGV high-speed train line from Paris, which passes through Le Mans, Rennes and Vannes. Journey duration is approximately 04h25. In addition, the following destinations are served by the TER Bretagne (the regional train network) :
* Quimper - Brest (01h09)
* Quimper - Rennes (02h15)

Births

Quimper was the birthplace of:
* Élie Catherine Fréron (1719-1776), critic and controversialist
* Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec (1734-1797), explorer, admiral, discoverer of the Kerguelen archipelago
* Rene-Marie Madec (1736-1784), adventurer, Nawab of India. See also René Madec
* René Laënnec (1781-1826), physician, inventor of the stethoscope
* Max Jacob (1876-1944), poet, painter, writer and critic
* Philippe Poupon, sailor
* William Stanger, footballer
* Jean Failler, writer (The Adventures of Mary Lester)
* Louis Billouart de Kervaségan, chevalier de Kerlérec (1704–1770), last French governor of Louisiana [Hervé Gourmelon, "Le chevalier de Kerlérec, 1704–1770: L'affaire de la louisiane", second edition, Paris: Les Portes du large, 2004.), 14.]

Twin towns

Quimper is twinned with:
* Limerick, Ireland
* Remscheid, Germany
* Falkirk, Scotland
* Ourense, Spain

ee also

* Ys
* Quimper faience

External links

* [http://www.mairie-quimper.fr Municipal website]
* [http://www.placeopedia.com/?12653 PlaceOpedia]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quimper — Kemper The Odet River in the centre of Quimper …   Wikipedia

  • Quimper Communaute — Quimper Communauté Quimper Communauté Administration Pays France Région Bretagne Département Finistère Date de création 1er janvier 2000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quimper — 47° 59′ 48″ N 4° 05′ 47″ W / 47.996667, 4.096389 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Finistere — Finistère (29) Region Bretagne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finistere — Finistère Pour les articles homonymes, voir Finisterre, Cap Finisterre et Penn ar Bed (homonymie). Finistère (Penn ar Bed en breton) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quimper Communauté — Administration Pays France Région Bretagne Département Finistère Date de création 1er janvier 2000 Président …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quimper — Kemper Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Finistère — Region Bretagne P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quimper — (Kemper) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quimper Cathedral — ( Cathédrale Saint Corentin de Quimper ) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, and national monument of Brittany (France), located in the town of Quimper. It is the seat of the Bishops of Quimper (now Bishops of Quimper Leon), to the first of whom,… …   Wikipedia


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