- Kure Atoll
Kure Atoll or Ocean Island (Hawaiian: Mokupāpapa) lies some convert|48|nmi|km mi|0 beyond
Midway Atollin the Northwestern Hawaiian Islandsat coord|28|25|N|178|20|W|type:isle|display=it. The International Date Linelies approximately 100 miles (87 nmi/160 km) to the west. Kure is the northern-most coral atollin the world. It consists of a 6-mile (10 km) wide nearly circular barrier reef surrounding a shallow lagoon and several sand islets. The only land of significant size is called Green Island and is habitat for hundreds of thousands of seabirds. There is a total land area of convert|213.097|acre|ha|3, with Green Island having convert|191.964|acre|ha|3| of this total.
The geological history of Kure follows generally the description provided in the article on Midway, but Kure lies close to what is called the
Darwin Point, the latitude at which reef growth just equals reef destruction by various physical forces. As Kure continues to be slowly carried along to the northwest by the motion of the Pacific Plate, it will move into waters too cool for coraland coralline algae growth to keep up with isostatic subsidence of the mountain. Barring unforeseen evolution, it will then begin to join the other volcanic and reef-topped remnants of the Hawaiian-Emperor Chain to the northwest, all of which are now seamounts.
Human exploration and use
Before the mid-19th century, Kure Atoll was visited by several ships and given new names each time. Many crews were stranded on Kure Atoll after being shipwrecked on the surrounding reefs and had to survive on the local seals, turtles, and birds. The shipwrecks remain on the reef today, including the USS|Saginaw|1859|6. Because of these incidents
King Kalakauasent Colonel J. H. Boyd as his Special Commissioner to Kure. On September 20, 1886 he took possession of the island, then called Moku Papapa, for the Hawaiian government. The King ordered that a crude house be built on the island, with tanks for holding water and provisions for any other unfortunates who might be cast away there. But the provisions were stolen within a year, and the house soon fell into ruins. Kure is located in the middle of a major current which constantly washes up debris such as fishing nets and large numbers of cigarette lighters on the island. These pose threats to the local animals, especially birds, whose skeletons are frequently found with plastic in the stomach cavity. [http://hawaiireef.noaa.gov/about/kure.html]
United States Coast Guard LORANstation was located on Green Island. A short coral runway still remains on the island, but is in disuse and is not maintained.
Because of its particularly remote location Kure Island has been the scene of several
amateur radioDX expeditions, or DX-peditions. Because the radio propagation path from Kure runs right over the North Polar region, opportunities for distant communication with Kure are particularly popular among European amateurs. The most recent two DXpeditions to Kure were:
* 1997ndash Event
call sign: K7Kndash [http://www.qsl.net/eudxf/stories/k7k.html Expedition website] ndash This was a joint scientific/radio operation including four fish and wildlife scientists and the eight members of the Midway-Kure DX Foundation's 1996 Midway team. The team included four scientists from the United States Department of Fish and Wildlife.
* 2005ndash Event call sign: K7Cndash [http://www.cordell.org/KURE/index.html Expedition website ] ndash The team consisted of 12
amateur radio operators from the United States, Canada, and Germany.
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CHECK_SEARCH_RESULTS=N&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P001&-tree_id=4001&-transpose=N&-redoLog=true&-all_geo_types=N&-geo_id=100$10000US150030114981023&-geo_id=100$10000US150030114981024&-format=&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Kure Atoll, including Green Island: Blocks 1023 and 1024, Census Tract 114.98, Honolulu County, Hawaii] , United States Census Bureau.
* [http://www.pbs.org/kqed/oceanadventures/episodes/kure/diaries/kure.html Quick Facts on the Kure Atoll from the PBS Ocean Adventures site]
* [http://hawaiireef.noaa.gov/about/kure.html Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve]
* [http://www.cordell.org/KURE/KURE_pages/KURE_Prev_DXped.html List of DXpeditions to Kure Island]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Kure-Atoll — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Kure Atoll Satellitenbild des Kure Atolls Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Archipel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kure Atoll — or Ocean Island geographical name island central Pacific in Hawaii; westernmost of the Leewards … New Collegiate Dictionary
Kure — can refer to:*KURE, a radio station in Ames, Iowa *Kure Software Koubou, Japanese video game development company *Kure, Hiroshima (呉), a city in Hiroshima prefecture, Japan **Kure Line, a rail line in the city **Kure Station, a railway station on … Wikipedia
Kure (Begriffsklärung) — Kure bezeichnet die japanische Hafenstadt Kure das Kure Atoll (Hawaii) im Pazifischen Ozean den Atlantik Badestrand Kure Beach (Strand) in North Carolina, USA den Radiosender Kure (Hörfunk) in Iowa, USA den Computervirus Kure.655 einen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Atoll — For other senses of this word, see atoll (disambiguation). Satellite picture of the Atafu atoll in Tokelau in the Pacific Ocean. An atoll ( … Wikipedia
Atoll — Das aus mehr als 40 Motus bestehende Atoll Atafu Ein Atoll ist ein ringförmiges Korallenriff, das eine Lagune umschließt. Das Wort „Atoll“ leitet sich von atolhu ab, dem entsprechenden Begriff in der maledivischen Sprache (Dhivehi). Das… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kure (île) — 28°25′N 178°20′W / 28.417, 178.333 … Wikipédia en Français
Midway Atoll — Midway Island redirects here. For the Canadian islands, see North Midway Island and South Midway Island. Midway Atoll is located at … Wikipedia
Pearl-und-Hermes-Atoll — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Pearl und Hermes Atoll Satellitenbild des Pearl und Hermes Atolls Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pearl and Hermes Atoll — [ NOAA bathymetric map.] The Pearl and Hermes Atoll (Hawaiian: Holoikauaua), is part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Named after two English whaleships, the Pearl and the Hermes , that wrecked here in 1822, a few, small, sandy islands exist … Wikipedia