- Spital, Merseyside
infobox UK place
population= 4,190 (2001 Census)
Metropolitan Borough of Wirral
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Wirral South
postcode_district= CH62, CH63
dial_code= 0151 6**/0151 3**
map_type= Merseyside Spital is a small
suburblocated on the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England. It is mostly incorporated into the town of Bebingtonand the most westerly point of Spital forms the most northern edge of Bromborough.
Legend has it that Irish patron saint,
St Patrick, blessed a well in the local Brotherton Park during a trip to England.
Spital has a history spanning over 800 years. The first recorded dwelling in the area was a small chapel built sometime before AD 1183 with the name St. Thomas the Martyr. It is not known who built this chapel but was probably used by workers and owners of the Poulton Estate, founded in 1133 at nearby Poulton Lancelyn. In 1283, the brethren of Bebington were given licence to use the forested land where Spital stands today to be used as a hospital for lepers. This hospital was probably attached to the chapel already in the area, but there are no remains of this building today.
The word "spital" was a term given to a place or building (or "spital house") that acted as a hospital or colony for lepers. Therefore it seems obvious that the name Spital derives from this; however it could also be argued that Spital's name derived from the term "hospitality" - this was due to the large proportion of people who worked as servants at the Poulton estate in Poulton Lancelyn. However many villages with the name "Spital" in their title can be put down to hospitals being in the area many years previously. Poulton cum Spital and Spital Old Hall were the original names for the village until part of this was formally dropped at the end of the 19th century.
The area became more popular during the 20th century after Spital Station on the Chester to Birkenhead railway was connected to the Mersey Railway line in 1891, and businessmen and workers could easily reach places of work, primarily in
Liverpool. Spital was a particularly popular place to live with sea merchants and ships' captains due its proximity to the River Merseyand Irish Seaduring the height of maritime activity in the area.
Spital was originally part of
Cheshirewhen on 1 April 1974it was absorbed into the new administrative county of Merseyside created through the reforms of the Local Government Act 1972. Spital has since grown and is now part of the larger town of Bebington which borders Birkenhead. After the ending of the workhouse system in 1930, Wirral Workhousewas renamed Clatterbridge (County) General Hospital and under the National Health Service became Clatterbridge Hospital. In 1958, it became a centre specialising in Oncology. The centre was built in to enlarge cancer care services from a cramped site on Myrtle Street in Liverpool - since then the site has been expanded and the hospital has been awarded 3 out of 3 stars in the NHS scoring system.
Spital is primarily a residential suburb which has seen an increase in the construction of apartments, likely due to its close proximity to good transport links. The area is served by Poulton Lancelyn Primary School which is on Venables Drive and contains a number of local shops, including a convenience store, a bar and a restaurant.
* 1801 - 87 citeweb|url=http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/chs/poulton3.html|title=Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Poulton cum Spital|work=GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy|accessdate=7 December|accessyear=2007]
* 1851 - 294 ]
* 1901 - 487 ]
* 1951 - 1,257 ]
* 2001 - 4,190
The 2001 Census shows the population of Spital to be 4,190. This was composed of 2,010 (47.97%) males and 2,180 (52.03%) females. There were 1,660 households.citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/factsandfigures/census2001/oneward2recset.asp?ref=TS39|title=Wirral 2001 Census: Spital|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=18 July|accessyear=2007]
At local government level, Spital and the neighbouring village of Poulton Lancelyn are part of the
ClatterbridgeWard of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral.
Despite its small size, the area is served by
Spital railway stationon the Wirral Lineof the Merseyrailnetwork, with frequent services to Liverpool, Chesterand Ellesmere Port. The station is staffed from early in the morning through to 10 minutes before the last train at night and there is a free car park with space for over 40 vehicles.
Regular bus services, operated on behalf of
Merseytravel, leave Spital cross-roads for various destinations around Merseyside.
M53 motorway, A41 roadand B5137 road pass through or near the area.
British Prime Minister Harold Wilsonspent his adolescent years living in Spital.
* [http://www.bebingtonexplorers.org.uk/spital Bebington District Explorer Scouts - Spital Unit]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Spital — is the name for hospital in Switzerland and AustriaSpital is the name of several places in the UK:*Spital is a small suburb of the Wirral located on Merseyside, England *Spital is also a place on the outskirts of Windsor in Berkshire, England… … Wikipedia
Merseyside Nighthawks — The Merseyside Nighthawks are a British American football team based in Birkenhead, Merseyside (nr. Liverpool), their home venue being Birkenhead Park Rugby Club. They are Merseyside s only officially registered American Football Senior League… … Wikipedia
Spital railway station — Infobox UK station name = Spital code = SPI manager = Merseyrail locale = Spital borough = Wirral pte = Merseytravel zone = B1/B2 usage0506 = 0.209 usage0607 = 0.204 platforms = 2Spital railway station is situated on the Wirral, Merseyside in the … Wikipedia
Moreton (Merseyside) railway station — Not to be confused with Moreton (Dorset) railway station. Moreton Moreton railway station passe … Wikipedia
List of places in Merseyside — Location map+|Merseyside caption = Some of the larger settlements of Merseyside. float = right width = 400 places = Location map |Merseyside label = Liverpool long = 2.97 lat = 53.40 background = white Location map |Merseyside label = Southport… … Wikipedia
List of abbeys and priories in England — Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Article layout 2 Abbreviations and key … Wikipedia
Moorfields railway station — Moorfields Platform 1 at Moorfields station Loca … Wikipedia
New Brighton railway station — New Brighton A Merseyrail Class 508 EMU at New Brighton Location … Wikipedia
Manor Road railway station — Manor Road Sign at Manor Road station Location … Wikipedia
Conway Park railway station — Conway Park Location Place … Wikipedia