John Aikin

John Aikin

John Aikin (January 15, 1747– December 7,1822) was an English doctor and writer.

He was born at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, England, son of Dr. John Aikin, Unitarian divine, and received his elementary education at the Nonconformist academy at Warrington, where his father was a tutor. He studied medicine at the university of Edinburgh, and in London under Dr. William Hunter. He practised as a surgeon at Chester and Warrington. Finally, he went to Leiden, earned an M.D. (1780), and in 1784 established himself as a doctor in Great Yarmouth.

In 1792, one of his pamphlets having given offence, he moved to London, where he practised as a consulting physician. However, he concerned himself more with the advocacy of liberty of conscience than with his professional duties, and he began at an early period to devote himself to literary pursuits, to which his contributions were incessant. In conjunction with his sister, Anna Laetitia Barbauld, he published a popular series of volumes entitled "Evenings at Home" (6 vols., 1792-1795), for elementary family reading, which were translated into almost every European language.

In 1798 Dr. Aikin retired from professional life and devoted himself with great industry to various literary undertakings, among which his "General Biography" (10 vols., 1799-1815) holds a conspicuous place. Besides these, he published "Biog. Memoirs of Medicine" (1780), "Lives of John Selden and Archbishop Usher" (1812) and other works. He edited the "Monthly Magazine" from 1796 to 1807, and conducted a paper called "The Athenaeum" from 1807 to 1809, when it was discontinued.

His son, Arthur Aikin, was a prominent scientist and his daughter, Lucy Aikin, was a biographer.


* "Evenings at Home" (1792-95)
* "A Description of the Country from Thirty to Forty Miles Round Manchester" (1795) referenced in "The German Ideology" by Karl Marx
* "General Biography" (ten volumes, completed in 1815)
* "Annals of the Reign of George III" (1816)
* "Select Works of the British Poets" (1820)


NAME=Aikin, John
SHORT DESCRIPTION= physician and writer
DATE OF BIRTH=January 15, 1747
PLACE OF BIRTH=Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, England
DATE OF DEATH= December 7, 1822

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Aikin — (15 de enero de 1747– 7 de diciembre de 1822) fue un escritor y médico inglés. Biografía Nació en Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, Inglaterra, hijo del Dr. John Aikin, un unitario, y recibió su educación primaria en la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aikin — is a surname, and may apply to:*Anna Laetitia Aikin, the maiden name of British poetess Anna Laetitia Barbauld *Arthur Aikin, a British chemist *Jesse B. Aikin, American musician *John Aikin, British physician, father of Arthur and Lucy *Lucy… …   Wikipedia

  • Aikin — ist der Name folgender Personen: Arthur Aikin (1773–1854), englischer Chemiker und Mineraloge John Aikin (1747–1822), englischer Arzt und Autor Lucy Aikin (1781–1864), englische Autorin und Biographin Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aikin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Selden — John Selden, English jurist and philosopher Full name John Selden Born 16 December 1584 Salvington Died 30 November 1654( …   Wikipedia

  • John Stockdale — (25 March 1750Probable Stockdale (2005) p. 117] – 21 June 1814) was an English publisher whose London shop became something of a salon for the political classes and who had to face two actions for defamation. One by the House of Commons became… …   Wikipedia

  • Aikin — (spr. Ehkin), 1) John, geb. zu Yarmouth 1716, anfangs Arzt, später Literat; war Herausgeber des Monthly Magazine u. des Annual Review, u. schr. außer medicinischen Schriften: Miscellaneous pieces, Lond. 1773 (deutsch Altenb. 1775); Über die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aikin — (spr. ēk n), Lucy, engl. Dichterin und Schriftstellerin, geb. 6. Nov. 1781 in Warrington, gest. 29. Jan. 1864 in Hampstead bei London, Tochter dee Schriftstellers John A., erhielt durch diesen eine gediegene klassische Bildung und widmete sich in …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • John Crerar Library — Country United States Type free, public Scope current science, technology, and medicine Established 1894 Location Hyde Park, Chicago …   Wikipedia

  • Aikin — This interesting Scottish name derives from Ad , a pet form of the Hebrew male given name Adam , meaning red earth , with reference to the substance from which the first man was formed, plus the Olde English pre 7th Century diminutive suffix kin …   Surnames reference

  • Aikin, John — (1747 1822)    Miscellaneous writer, s. of Dr. John A., Unitarian divine, b. at Kibworth, studied medicine at Edinburgh and London, and received degree of M.D. at Leyden. He began practice at Yarmouth but, one of his pamphlets having given… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature