- United States Government Printing Office
Infobox Government agency
agency_name = Government Printing Office
logo_width = 140 px
logo_caption = Logo
seal_width = 140 px
seal_caption = Official seal
March 4, 1861
Federal government of the United States
headquarters = 732 North Capitol St. NW
Robert C. Tapella
chief1_position = Public Printer
United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing
website = [http://www.gpo.gov/ www.gpo.gov]
footnotes =The Government Printing Office (GPO) is an agency of the legislative branch of the
United States federal government. The office prints and provides access to documents produced by and for all three branches of the federal government, including the Supreme Court, the Congress, the Executive Office of the President, executive departments, and independent agencies.
The primary mission of the GPO is to make government publications widely available, by gathering, cataloging, providing, and preserving published information in all forms. GPO provides information to the public through GPO Access, which contains searchable databases of government information, and through the Federal Depository Library Program, which is a partnership with hundreds of libraries throughout the country.
GPO began operations in accordance with Congressional Joint Resolution 25 of June 23, 1860. The activities of GPO are defined in the public printing and documents chapters of
Title 44 of the United States Code. The Public Printer, who serves as the head of GPO, is appointed by the President with the advice and consentof the Senate. The Public Printerselects a Superintendent of Documents.
uperintendent of Documents
The Superintendent of Documents (SuDocs) is in charge of the dissemination of information at the U.S.
Government Printing Office(GPO). The Superintendent is appointed by the Public Printer, who serves as the head of GPO. It is the Superintendent's responsibility to provide public access to Government information published by the United States Congress, Federal agencies and the United States federal courts. This is accomplished through the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP), the Cataloging and Indexing Program and the Publication Sales Program, as well as operation of the Federal Citizen Information Centerin Pueblo, Colorado.
Official Journals of Government
GPO now contracts out much of the federal government's printing but prints the official journals of government in-house, including:
Code of Federal Regulations
*Public and Private Laws
Federal Register", which is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations.
United States Code
United States Statutes at Large
*"House Journal" and "Senate Journal"
GPO has been producing
U.S. passports since the 1920s.
United States Department of Statebegan issuing e-Passports in 2006. The e-Passport includes an electronic chip embedded in the cover that contains the same information that is printed in the passport: name, date of birth, gender, place of birth, dates of passport issuance and expiration, passport number and photo image of the traveler. The e-passport contains security features to prevent the chips from being read, cloned or changed. GPO produces the blank e-Passport, while the Department of Statereceives and processes applications and issues individual passports.
GPO ceased production of legacy passports in May 2007, shifting production entirely to e-passports. In 2007, GPO produced approximately 20 million passports for the American public. [ [http://www.gpo.gov/news/2007/07news15.pdf GPO Press Release on GPO website] , July 2007]
All manufacturing is done at GPO’s main plant in Washington, DC and at a secure production facility in Stennis, Mississippi. [ [http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?filepath=/dailyfed/0308/032708j1.htm Government Executive, March 27, 2008] ]
GPO's Federal Digital System (FDsys)
GPO's Program Management Office is working to develop GPO’s Federal Digital System (FDsys). The goal of FDsys is to allow federal agencies to easily create and submit content that can then be preserved, authenticated, managed and delivered upon request. GPO plans for FDsys to be the core of GPO’s future operations.
FDsys will include all known federal Government documents within the scope of GPO’s Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP), whether printed or electronic. Information entered into the system will be authenticated and cataloged according to GPO metadata and document creation standards. Content will include text, graphics, audio, and video files. It will be available for online searching and viewing, downloading and printing, and as document masters for conventional and on-demand printing.
FDsys is being developed in phases and currently included three scheduled releases. The first public release is scheduled for December 2008. [ [http://www.gpo.gov/projects/fdsys_overview.htm GPO Website Project Overview] ]
Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP)
The [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fdlp.html Federal Depository Library Program] (FDLP) was established by the
United States Congressto ensure that the American public has access to its Government's information. Since 1813, depository libraries have safeguarded the public's right to know by collecting, organizing, maintaining, preserving, and assisting users with information from the federal government. The FDLP provides Government information at no cost to about 1,250 designated depository libraries in the U.S. and its territories. These depository libraries, in turn, provide local, no-fee access to Government information in an impartial environment with professional assistance.
Material distributed through the FDLP includes information on careers, business opportunities, consumer information, health and nutrition, legal and regulatory information, and U.S. demographics.
Budget of the U.S. Government
thumb|right|250px|Public Printer Bob Tapella and OMB Director Jim Nussle view the first digital authentication of the Federal Budget.
GPO made history in the distribution of the Budget of the U.S. Government on
February 4, 2008. The President of the United States released the first-ever electronic Federal Budget (E-Budget) to Congress and GPO authenticated the E-Budget by digital signature. The visible digital signature on an online PDF document serves the same purpose as handwritten signatures or traditional wax seals on printed documents. This signature assures the public that the document has not been changed or altered. A digital signature, viewed thorugh the GPO Seal of Authenticity, verfies the document's integrity and authenticity.
In the 21st Century, the increasing use of electronic documents pose speical challenges in verifying authenticity because digital technology makes such documents easy to alter or copy, leading to multiple non-identical versions that can be used in counterfeiting and other unauthorized or illegitimate ways. [ [http://www.gpo.gov/news/2008/08news05.pdf GPO Press release: GPO Authenticates Federal Budget by Digital Signature,
February 4, 2008] ]
ustainable Environmental Stewardship
In 2008 Public Printer
Robert C. Tapellaoutlined goals for sustainable print solutions for GPO’s customers. One environmental sustainability initiative Tapella said he would like to achieve is to retire GPO’s antiquated convert|1500000|sqft|m2|sing=on building in Washington, D.C. and relocate it to a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified building. [ [http://www.gpo.gov/news/speeches/pp_drupa2008_prepstmt.pdf "GPO and the American Printing Industry Move Forward with Sustainable Environmental Stewardship"] ]
The GPO also publishes the annual
United States Government Manual, and an official style manualto be used for all Government publications. Among the venerable series it publishes are "Foreign Relations of the United States" for the State Dept. since 1861, " Statistical Abstract of the United States" for the Census Bureau since 1878 and "Public Papers of the President" covering the administrations of Presidents Herbert Hooveronward except Franklin Delano Roosevelt(whose papers were privately printed). The GPO Bookstore sells the recent editions of these and other publications. The bookstore is located at 710 North Capitol StreetNW, Washington, D.C.20401.
Bureau of Engraving and Printingis responsible for the printing of United States currency.
Notable GPO publications
Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion" (1870-88)
National Technical Information Service
United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing
*The Seybold Report [http://www.gpo.gov/news/coverage/seybold-interview.pdf "Sustainable Public Printing and Beyond: The Hon. Robert Tapella"] ,
May 15, 2008
* [http://www.gpo.gov/news/speeches/pp_drupa2008_prepstmt.pdf GPO and the American Printing Industry Move Forward with Sustainable Environmental Stewardship]
* [http://www.gpo.gov/congressional/pdfs/ltr_securityofpassports_040908.pdf Public Printer Letter to Members of Congress on the Security of U.S. Passports]
* [http://www.gpo.gov/congressional/pdfs/factsheet_e-passport.pdf GPO's E-Passport Factsheet]
*Jill R. Aitoro [http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?filepath=/dailyfed/0308/032708j1.htm "Article 'mistated' facts of offshoring e-passport production"] , Government Executive,
March 27, 2008
*Bill Gertz, [http://www.washingtontimes.com/article/20080327/NATION/338588834/1001 "GPO profits go to bonuses and trips"] , "Washington Times",
March 27, 2008
*Bill Gertz, [http://www.washingtontimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080328/NATION/389492965/1001 "GPO's backup plant on storm-prone Gulf"] , "Washington Times",
March 28, 2008
*Bill Gertz, [http://www.washingtontimes.com/article/20080326/NATION/866727364/1001 "Outsourced passport work scrutinized"] , "Washington Times",
March 26, 2008
* [http://www.gpo.gov/news/2008/08news09.pdf "GPO to Open Second Secure Production Facility"] : GPO Press Release on New Passport Production Facility,
March 12, 2008
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/12/AR2006031200938.html "Confronting Digital Age Head-On"] , Washington Post,
March 13, 2006
* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ GPO Access - Portal to Government Information]
* [http://bookstore.gpo.gov/ GPO Online Bookstore]
* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/stylemanual/browse.html GPO Style Manual]
* [http://www.gpo.gov/ GPO Website]
* [http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/default.htm CyberCemetery] Defunct government Web sites
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