Head of state succession

Head of state succession

Head of state succession is the process by which nations transfer leadership of their highest office from one person to another. The succession of a head of state can be brought about through various means, the most common of which include:

* Death of the current Head of State
* A military Coup d'état against the present government
* A general election
* A Vote of No Confidence by the national legislature
* Hereditary succession or appointment by a pre-determined council
* Resignation
* Impeachment
* Abdication

Head of state succession procedures

The following articles deal with the succession to the office of Head of state in various nations:

* United States presidential line of succession
* Peru presidential line of succession
* Succession to the British Throne
* The Papal conclave of Rome

Dramatic portrayals

The changing of national leadership has been the topic of several films, novels, and television series, some of which include the following:

* Fiction regarding United States presidential succession is a major area of dramatic portrayal
* The film "Der Untergang" details the last days of the Third Reich to include the succession procedure enacted by Nazi Germany after the death of Adolf Hitler
* ' dealt with the succession of the Klingon Chancellor after an assassination against the reigning Klingon Head of State. Several episodes of ' dealt more in depth with the exact procedures of transferring the leadership of the Klingon High Council from one person to another.
* "Battlestar Galactica" (2003): Although this show is not set on Earth, the political structures of The 12 Colonies of Kobol closely resemble those of the United States. In the latter part of the Cylon attack, Secretary of Education Laura Roslin, on board a colonial cruiser, returning from the decommissioning ceremony of Battlestar Galactica, receives a message from the Case Orange automated beacon, a special mechanism seeking communication with any surviving Colonial government officials. Moments after responding to the beacon with her identity code, she discovers that, other than herself, all members of President Richard Adar's government have apparently been killed or are missing. The Case Orange response assigns Roslin new instructions, and she (the 43rd in the line of succession) is duly sworn-in as President.
* "King Ralph:" The entire British Royal Family is killed in a freak accident, and controversially the next person in line to the throne is an American (John Goodman).

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