- Border checkpoint
A border checkpoint is a place, generally between two countries, where travellers and/or goods are inspected. Authorization often is required to enter a country through its borders. Access-controlled borders often have a limited number of checkpoints where they can be crossed without legal sanctions. Arrangements may be formed to allow or mandate less restrained crossings (e.g. Schengen Agreement). Land border checkpoints can be contrasted with the customs and immigration facilities at seaports, international airports, and other ports of entry.
Checkpoints generally serve two purposes:
- To prevent entrance of individuals who are either undesirable (e.g., criminals or others who pose threats) or are simply unauthorized to enter.
- To prevent entrance of goods that are illegal, subject to restriction or to collect tariffs.
In some countries (e.g. China, Japan), there are border checkpoints when both entering and exiting the country; while in others (e.g. U.S., Canada), there are border checkpoints only when entering the country.
Definitions in European Union (Schengen) law
The Schengen Borders Code, which forms part of the law of the European Union, defines some terms as follows (particularities with respect to the EU are left out, in order to emphasize general usability of those definitions):
- "Border crossing point" means any crossing point authorized by the competent authorities for the crossing of external borders (Article 2 sec. 8 of the Schengen Borders Code);
- "Border control" means the activity carried out at a border, [...] in response exclusively to an intention to cross or the act of crossing that border, regardless of any other consideration, consisting of border checks and border surveillance (Article 2 sec. 9 of the Schengen Borders Code);
- "Border checks" means the checks carried out at border crossing points, to ensure that persons, including their means of transport and the objects in their possession, may be authorised to enter the territory [...] or authorised to leave it (Article 2 sec. 10 of the Schengen Borders Code);
- "Border surveillance" means the surveillance of borders between border crossing points and the surveillance of border crossing points outside the fixed opening hours, in order to prevent persons from circumventing border checks (Article 2 sec. 10 of the Schengen Borders Code).
- ^ SDBJ.com
- ^ "Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code)" (in English). 2006-04-13. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2006/l_105/l_10520060413en00010032.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Border control
- Border outpost
- Checkpoint Charlie and the Berlin Wall
- Frontier Closed Area is the border area in Hong Kong with China
- Garitas in Mexico
- Schengen Treaty
- The United States–Mexico border and Canada – United States border
- List of Mexico–United States border crossings
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Checkpoint — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Biology 3 Arts and Entertainment … Wikipedia
Border trade — Border trade, in general, refers to the flow of goods and services across the international borders between jurisdictions. In this sense, it is a part of normal legal trade that flows through standard export/import frameworks of nations. However… … Wikipedia
Border control — Border controls are measures used by a country to monitor or regulate its borders The control of the flow of people, animals and goods across a border may be controlled by government Customs services. Security is enforced by various kinds of… … Wikipedia
Border Crossing — may refer to: * Border Crossing (band), a UK hip hop collective musical group. * Border Crossing (novel) , a 2001 novel by English author Pat Barker. * Border control, the measures used by a country to monitor or regulate its borders. * Border… … Wikipedia
checkpoint — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ border ▪ army, military, police, security ▪ vehicle VERB + CHECKPOINT ▪ … Collocations dictionary
Border outpost — For other uses, see Outpost. A border outpost, border out post, border observation post or BOP is an outpost maintained by a sovereign state on its border, usually one of a series placed at regular intervals, to watch over and… … Wikipedia
Checkpoint (2003 film) — Checkpoint (original title: Machssomim) is a 2003 documentary film by Israeli filmmaker Yoav Shamir, showing the everyday interaction between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian civilians at several of the regions Israel Defence Forces checkpoints.… … Wikipedia
checkpoint — [chek′point΄] n. a place on a highway, a border between countries, etc. where traffic is stopped, as for inspection by authorities … English World dictionary
Checkpoint Charlie — A view of Checkpoint Charlie in 1963, from the American sector Checkpoint Charlie (or Checkpoint C ) was the name given by the Western Allies to the best known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War.… … Wikipedia
Checkpoint Bravo — Bridge building of former Checkpoint Bravo at Berlin Dreilinden Drewitz. Road photographed from A 115, view from north … Wikipedia