String Quartet No. 16 (Beethoven)


String Quartet No. 16 (Beethoven)

The String Quartet No. 16 in F major, Op. 135, by Ludwig van Beethoven was written in 1826 and was the last substantial work he finished. Only the last movement of the Quartet Op. 130, written as a replacement for the Große Fuge, was written later. It was premiered by the Schuppanzigh Quartet in March 1828.

The work is on a smaller scale than his other late quartets. For the third movement, Beethoven used variation techniques, which is uncommon for pieces written in sonata form; he also did this in the second movement of his Quartet Op. 127. [Bernard Jacobson. "Beethoven: The Complete String Quartets." EMI 5736062. CD liner notes, 24.] Under the introductory slow chords in the last movement Beethoven wrote in the manuscript "Muß es sein?" (Must it be?) to which he responds, with the faster main theme of the movement, "Es muß sein!" (It must be!). The whole movement is headed "Der schwer gefaßte Entschluß" (The Difficult Decision).

It is in four movements:
# Allegretto
# Vivace
# Lento assai, cantante e tranquillo
# “Der schwer gefaßte Entschluß:” Grave — Allegro — Grave ma non troppo tratto — Allegro

Notes

External links

* [http://www.focm.org/artist-takacs2.htm Takacs Quartets program notes] with more on the history of the finale of the quartet in particular
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/12237 Project Gutenberg E-Book of the Quartet]
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • String Quartet No. 11 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s opus 95, his String Quartet No. 11 in F minor, is his last before his exalted late string quartets. It is commonly referred to as the Serioso, stemming from his title Quartett [o] Serioso at the beginning and the tempo… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 10 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 10 in E flat Major, nicknamed the Harp , was published in 1809 as Opus 74. Naming The nickname Harp refers to the characteristic pizzicato sections in the Allegro of the first movement, where two members… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 14 (Beethoven) — The String Quartet No. 14 in C sharp minor, opus 131, by Ludwig van Beethoven was completed in 1826. (The number traditionally assigned to it is based on the order of its publication; it is actually his fifteenth quartet by order of composition.) …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 8 (Beethoven) — The String Quartet No. 8 in E minor by Ludwig van Beethoven, opus 59, no. 2, was the second of three of his Razumovsky cycle of string quartets, and is a product of his middle style period. He published it in 1806Fact|date=April 2008.It is in… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 1 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 1 in F major was published in 1801 as opus 18, no. 1, and was written between 1798 and 1800. It is actually the second string quartet that Beethoven composed.The quartet consists of four… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 13 (Beethoven) — The String Quartet No. 13 in B♭ major, opus 130, by Ludwig van Beethoven was completed in November 1825 [http://ludwig0van0beethoven.tripod.com/beethtranscending.html] . The number traditionally assigned to it is based on the order of its… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 7 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 7 in F major was published in 1806 as opus 59, no. 1. It consists of four movements:# Allegro in F major # Allegretto vivace e sempre scherzando in B flat major # Adagio molto e mesto attaca in F minor #… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 6 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 6 in B♭ major was published in 1801 as opus 18, no. 6, and was written between 1798 and 1800. It consists of four movements:# Allegro con brio # Adagio ma non troppo # Scherzo: Allegro # La Malinconia :… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 5 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 5 in A major was published in 1801 as opus 18, no. 5, and was written between 1798 and 1800. Beethoven modeled this quartet directly on Mozart s quartet in the same key (K. 464).Winter R. and Martin R.,… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quartet No. 3 (Beethoven) — Ludwig van Beethoven s String Quartet No. 3 in D major was published in 1801 as opus 18, no. 3, and was written between 1798 and 1800. Although it is numbered third, it was the first quartet Beethoven composed. It consists of four… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.